The Content Of The Article:
- Swallowtail (Papilio machaon)
- Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
- Peacock butterfly (Aglais io)
- Little fox (Aglais urticae)
- Hominy Blue (Polyommatus icarus)
- Aurora bracket (Anthocharis cardamines)
- Gooseberry (Abraxas grossulariata)
- Midwifery (Deilephila elpenor)
From which butterfly caterpillar develops later, is hardly visible, especially for laymen. In Germany alone, there are around 3,700 different species of butterflies (Lepidoptera). In addition to their beauty, the insects are particularly fascinated by the different stages of development that they undergo. We have summarized the most abundant caterpillars and show them which butterflies are made from them.
Swallowtail (Papilio machaon)
The swallowtail is one of the most beautiful butterflies in Europe. In addition, it is with nearly eight centimeters wingspan one of the largest butterflies in Central Europe. For some years, the swallowtail was considered endangered, as its population was declining sharply. Meanwhile, the stock has recovered, not least because of the fact that the use of pesticides and pesticides in public areas and in the domestic gardens is increasingly less. In 2006 he was even named "Butterfly of the Year".
The caterpillar of the swallowtail already gives an idea of the coming beauty
Luckily, Schwalbenschanz is again very abundant in gardens with a large variety of plants that are designed in close proximity to nature. He particularly likes to feed on summer lilac, while he prefers to lay his eggs on useful plants such as fennel or carrots. Shortly before the swallowtail caterpillars turn into butterflies, they show themselves to be exceptionally beautiful and are strikingly green in color and striped in black and red.
Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
The spiked caterpillar (left) later turns out to be a pretty painted lady (right)
The Painted Lady belongs to the family of the Nymphalidae and has a life expectancy of about one year. In the garden you can see him from April to September, fluttering from summer flower to summer flower.
Peacock butterfly (Aglais io)
Peacock butterfly: So inconspicuous the caterpillar (left), so spectacular the butterfly (right)
The black caterpillars with the small white dots are often seen on the leaves of stinging nettles that they prefer to eat. As a finished butterfly, the magnificent peacock butterfly in the spring likes to fly dandelion, while in the summer it feeds on flowering clover, summer lilac or thistle. The "eyes" on his wings deter predators like birds. In Germany, the butterfly is very widespread. It hatches up to three generations a year.
Little fox (Aglais urticae)
Both in the caterpillar stage (left) and as a butterfly (right) the small fox offers a great sight
Like the peacock butterfly, the little fox belongs to the genus Aglais. Its main food source is also the stinging nettle, which is why it is colloquially called Nesselfalter. Up to pupation, the caterpillar needs a good month until the pupa becomes a butterfly, but only two weeks pass. In the garden you can watch the Little Fox from March to October. There he feasts on the most diverse flowering plants.
Cabbage white is a caterpillar (left) not a welcome guest in the vegetable patch, but as a butterfly (right) it pleases the eye
On the cabbage white divide the spirits: In the caterpillar stage he can cause great damage in the vegetable patch, while later, as a butterfly, completely harmless and also very pretty. In our gardens are two species on the way, the Great Cabbage White (Pieris brassicae) and the Small Cabbage White (Pieris rapae). Cabbage whites are the most common butterflies in Central Europe. Visually, the two species are very similar - both as a caterpillar and as a butterfly. In the garden you will find the cabbage white from early spring to autumn mostly near nectar-rich plants such as thistles or butterfly lilacs.
Hominy Blue (Polyommatus icarus)
Well camouflaged in green shows the caterpillar (left) of the Hauhechel-Bläulings. The butterfly (right), on the other hand, is a very delicate and filigree creature
The wing color of the Hauchechel-Bläulings is, as the name suggests, blue - but only in the male insects. The females have only a weak blue room and are predominantly dark brown colored. The butterflies like to feed on horny clover or thyme and love blooming wildflower meadows. The caterpillars of the caterpillars belong exclusively to the butterflies, a subfamily of legumes.
The fresh yellow-green color adorns both the caterpillar (left) and the finished lemon moth (right)
The Brimstone is one of the first butterflies of the year and shows up in some places already in February. The wings of the males are intensely colored yellow, while the females play more in the greenish white. The wingspan of lemon butterflies is a maximum of 55 millimeters, so the insects are quite small. As far as their diet is concerned, the caterpillars of the lemon moth have specialized in the decay tree. In addition, only a few plants from the family of the Kreuzdorngewächse serve as fodder plants. The life span of the lemon butterflies is - for butterflies - very long: They are up to 13 months old.
Aurora bracket (Anthocharis cardamines)
The top of the wing differs markedly from the underside of the wing (right) at the Aurora border. The caterpillar (left) shows bright green, but its color can also go more towards blue
Aurora breeds feed both as caterpillars and as butterflies of meadowfoam and garlic. You can also see them occasionally on the night vole or the silver leaf. Either way, all of their food sources are spring-flowering, which explains why the attractive moths are only found in the garden in the spring, from April to June.
Gooseberry (Abraxas grossulariata)
The caterpillar (left) and the later butterfly (right) of the gooseberry twine are a bit similar
Alluvial forests, the natural habitat of the gooseberry, are becoming less common in Germany, so that the butterfly is listed on the Red List today. In addition, monocultures and intensive forestry make it difficult to create. The caterpillars of the gooseberry spice eat - in addition to the gooseberries - also currants, where they also lay their eggs. The nocturnal insect is also called "harlequin" because of its eye-catching wing color. If you want to provide the gooseberry lover with a safe retreat in the garden, you must rigorously do without the use of pesticides.
Midwifery (Deilephila elpenor)
The medium greyhound looks very exotic both as a caterpillar (left) and as a butterfly
Instead of grapevines, you can find the caterpillars of the mid-wineries of flowering fuchsia shrubs, their first choice on the menu. The striking eye-sighting, with which the caterpillars are equipped on their back, protects the insects from predators. Medium greyhounds become active at dusk, only shortly before they pupate, they are also found in the garden during the day. The finished moths can then be observed from June to August in the garden. They like to play around near water. In gardens, however, they only feel well when a large variety of plants is present and is purely biologically fermented.