The 10 Facebook questions of the week

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Every week our social media team reaches a few hundred questions about our favorite hobby: the garden. Most of them are quite easy to answer for the editorial team of MEIN, but some also require some research effort to be able to provide the right answer. At the beginning of each new week we put together for you our ten Facebook questions of the past week. The themes are mixed - from the lawn over the vegetable patch to the balcony box.

Facebook: The top questions of the calendar week 5

1. How and when do you actually cut a Kolkwitzie?

Summer flowering shrubs such as Kolkwitzien run into high form with an annual pruning in early spring. The cutting date should be chosen as early as possible - in mild weather already at the end of January. Reason: The sooner you cut, the sooner the plant will adapt to the new condition and form new buds on the remaining stumps. Even radical rejuvenation in late winter is possible, but then follows a flowering break.

2. Are there chilies that grow perennially?

Chilis from the group Capsicum frutescens such as 'De Cayenne' are perennial, but also often classified as one-year Jalapeño (C. annum) and Habanero chilies (C. chinense) can be overwintered. In the second year the plants bloom and fruit earlier and deliver even more spicy pods. At room temperature and on a bright window seat as possible, you can continue to harvest in winter.

Birds eye chili

Botanically, there is no difference between peppers and hot peppers or chilli, as the English name for the mainly derived from South America game and breeding forms

3. I always prefer tomatoes myself with success. How do I manage that they do not shoot like that in the beginning?

For tomatoes that you want to plant from about mid-May, you should not sow them before mid-March. It is important that you pre-cultivate the seeds nicely warm, for example in a cultivation dish with a lean cultivation soil. Ideal are temperatures between 22 to 26 degrees Celsius and they should be as sunny as possible on the south window. After expulsion, the round cotyledons appear. As soon as the first serrated real leaves appear, you should separate the seedlings - ideally small pots about seven centimeters deep - and place cooler. Well suited is an about 18 degrees cool bedroom, which is oriented to the east or southwest. In addition, the leaves of the plants must not touch, otherwise they take away the light each other. Basically, the lower the light supply, the cooler the seedlings have to be kept.

4. I would like to plant a two-year cherry tree soon. When is the best time?

In frost-free soil, you can plant the cherry tree throughout the winter, but the best time for planting hardy fruit trees like apple, pear, plum, and sweet and sour cherry is actually autumn. The advantage over spring planting is that the trees have more time to form new roots. As a result, they usually go out earlier and make more in the first year after planting. If the tree is in the pot, even a year-round planting is possible.

5. My fuchsias have been cut back to the woody part and spent the winter in the basement. When can I turn it off again? They are already beginning to form bright shoots.

Exposure of the fuchsias to the open air should take place only in spring after the last stronger frosts, provided the plants have already been expelled. Temperatures near the zero-degree mark, however, do no harm to cold-wintered shrubs that are still in hibernation. That is why they are often put back on the terrace in April. It is important, especially in the already expelled plants, a partially shaded, somewhat sheltered place. You have to slowly get used to the light conditions again.

Fuchsia 'Genii'

The fuchsia 'Genii' is quite hardy. It can even overwinter in bed in very mild regions

6. I planted my hibiscus only last year. Does he have to be cut already?

A young hibiscus rarely has more than two shoots. Therefore, it makes sense to cut back young plants from the very beginning every year, so that the branching at the base is encouraged. It is important to educate the plants at an early age - the more beautiful they grow and then develop.

7. My sweetgum has been in its current location for more than three years and has not changed color in the fall. Most leaves are still hanging brown and sad. What can this be?

This can have several causes: The fact that its autumn coloration is so unspectacular, may be due to location, because sweetgum trees prefer a lean, not too nutrient-rich soil. But it also varies depending on the weather always something - if it was very humid and cloudy in the fall, all woody plants stain their foliage less strong. Amber trees should be placed in a sunny, sheltered place and do without any fertilizer - only composting in spring makes sense. The second cause could be that it is a seed-propagated specimen. They usually have other properties than vegetatively propagated sweetgum trees. Therefore, it is recommended to select the trees in the nursery directly in autumn, because you can pick the copy with the most beautiful autumn color on the spot.

Sweetgum tree with autumn coloration

The autumn color of the sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) is most beautiful in full sun on not too heavy soils

8. Is it really time to cut perennials now? I am a bit afraid of late frosts.

That depends on the location and the weather. In regions where the winter lasts long, the perennials are cut back only when the garden is free of snow, which usually lasts until March. In milder climates and mild winters you can make the cut from the middle / end of February. Normal bedding plants are usually so hardy that they can not be affected by frost even after pruning.

9. You always have great ideas for small gardens, but can not find any information on how to create and design large gardens.

This is because today the gardens tend to get smaller and most home gardeners have a rather small plot of land. In the section garden design you will find before and after numerous design proposals, which are partly suitable for larger gardens. Basically, when designing larger gardens, it makes sense first to divide them into different spaces on paper using hedges, woody plants or perennial beds.

Christmas rose, Helleborus niger

The elegant flowers of the Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) open depending on the variety in November

10. Is the Christ and Lenten roses the same plant?

Both belong to the plant genus Helleborus (hellebore). Lenten roses (Helleborus orientalis) are originally from the Black Sea and bloom from March, ie in the "Lenz" (spring). The Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) is often also referred to as a snow rose. Wild species (for example, Helleborus foetidus, H. viridis, H. odorus) with greenish flowers are called Nieswurzen, as snuff used to be obtained from their poisonous parts of plants. These are therefore different species of a genus of plants, and there are now many crosses that can not be assigned as one species.

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