10 Tips for organic gardening

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Whether the use of environmentally friendly plant protection products, the planting of insect-friendly shrubs and shrubs or the promotion of beneficial organisms: More and more hobby gardeners rely on organic gardening when ordering their garden. With these ten tips you too can become a bio gardener.

1. Following the example of nature

Working with nature and not against it is the motto in the organic garden. That can turn ideas of order on their heads. Daisies in the lawn are tolerated or even desired. There may be wild corners in which stinging nettles grow, the butterfly caterpillars provide food and form the basis for plant manure. Foliage remains under hedges. Because what is extracted from the soil in a growing period of nutrients, it must be fed back to him. If the garden is also varied, for example, with walls and pond, many useful animals settle on.

2. A mixed culture keeps plants healthy

Mixed colors thrive all kinds better. Where different plants grow, diseases and pests have fewer opportunities. So place vegetables next to each other that blend well, as well as kitchen garden flowers such as tagetes and nasturtium. The pickers prevent soil fatigue, promote the aroma of their neighbors and also look pretty. Also herbs must not be missing. Their essential oils have many positive effects.

Vegetable bed in mixed culture

A varied vegetable patch in mixed culture is not only more resistant to diseases and pests. It also has more to offer visually than a monoculture. The photo was taken by Userin Sommerliebe from our photo community

3. Compost: The brown gold of the gardener

At the start of the season in spring, the natural fertilizer is distributed on the beds. A two-finger-thick layer of mature compost (six to 12 months old) provides food for perennials, roses and ornamental shrubs and improves humus content. In the vegetable garden, the compost is superficially rinsed about four weeks before the first sowings or plantings. On tree disks and between soft fruit, the layer may be one to two centimeters thick. The more versatile the composted material is, the more balanced the nutrient ratio will be.

4. Use cut waste as mulching material

Grass clippings are great for mulching among shrubs. In a covered soil, soil life is more active. Moisture stays longer under a layer of mulch - this saves irrigation water. In heavy rain, the cover prevents soil from being washed out.

Mulch tomato plant with grass clippings

You can also apply a thin layer of slightly dried grass clippings in the kitchen garden bed

5. Fight against wild herbs without toxins

For nature gardeners, there is no "weeds" - but plants in the wrong place. On paved areas you can move the unwanted guests with joint scraper or joint brushes to eibe. A flame device can be conveniently used standing up. There are gas and electronic devices. Due to the heat, the plant dies together with the root. Thus, the thermal treatment on paved surfaces is a real alternative to chemical weed control, which is even prohibited by law there - as well as the use of, for example, vinegar or salt.

6. Plant juice gives plants new power

The strengthening effect of plant fumes and broths can be used as a liquid fertilizer or spray. A universally applicable manure can be made from nettles. Cut one kilogram of fresh cabbage into small pieces and fill with 50 liters of water. Important: Do not use metal containers for preparation! A net as cover prevents animals from falling into it. During the fermentation process, the slurry is stirred regularly. A portion of primary rock flour binds the odor and leads to valuable minerals. Depending on the temperature, the manure is ready after just one to two weeks. For dispensing, it is diluted. If, for example, potting plants are grown, take a portion of manure for ten parts of water. Otherwise you dilute in the ratio 1:50.

To produce nettle

From fresh nettles you can make your own plant care product. Organic gardeners swear by stinging nettle broth in the fight against aphids

7. Assist natural helpers in the garden

Gardeners have many allies against pests in the animal kingdom. In order to make them at home in the garden, appropriate quarters are needed: birds love hedges and fruit-bearing shrubs. Nest boxes are gladly accepted. Especially during the breeding season feed the feathered friends lots of caterpillars and mosquitoes. Hedgehogs can be tasted snails. They love hideouts under piles of twigs and in cavities of cairns.For earwigs you hang flowerpots filled with wood wool upside down in the fruit tree. At night they go on lice hunting. If there is already an insect hotel in the garden, you can exchange old material in the spring and add fresh, marrowy stems.

8. The secret of green manuring

Green manure helps organic gardeners improve the soil. In most cases, green manure such as vetches and lupins, which accumulate a particularly large amount of nitrogen, or mixtures of clover, sunflower and phacelia are sown on harvested beds. What is frozen over winter, is incorporated flat in the spring. You can also sow green manure earlier. On areas that are ordered only in May, or for short-term gaps in the bed offers fast growing yellow mustard. Take into account the crop rotation: Cultures of the same plant family are not cultivated in a row - so no cabbage on mustard.

Green manure with yellow mustard

A green manure with yellow mustard saves a lot of work. The roots loosen the soil into deeper layers. During growth, the plants cover the bed and prevent the soil from becoming dehydrated or dehydrated

9. Seeds and plants from organic farming

Anyone who does not use artificial fertilizers and pesticides is happy to have their purchased seeds and seedlings used without chemicals and genetic engineering. Organic seeds and plants are not just found in herbs and vegetables. Even in the fruit and ornamental plants, there are more and more organic crops from summer flowers to perennials to roses. Old and regional varieties are often found on plant markets, where preservation agencies offer seeds, such as the "Plant Variety Conservation Society".

10. Select insect-friendly plants

Pollen and nectar can only find bees, bumblebees and other pollinators in simple and half-filled flowers. Gardening can be just as attractive traditional plants as wild species. In many rose new breeds bee-friendly plants are even in vogue. Make sure something always blooms in the garden. Insects need an offer throughout the season. Do you want to attract butterflies in the garden, you should not just think of the hatched butterflies. Their caterpillars often need completely different fodder plants.

Video Board: Gardening Hacks - 10 Simple Tips for a Successful Vegetable Garden.

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