10 Tips for sowing

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1. Pique young plants well after sowing

When sowing in seed trays, the seedlings must be separated in time - otherwise they soon compete for light and nutrients. Basically, the sooner the plantlets are pikiert, the shorter is the growth break. The ideal time has come when the seedlings have formed three to four leaves. Gently grasp the young plant with your fingers on the leaf head and lift the root system out of the ground with a special stick. It is immediately converted into a prepared small pot and kept well moist.

2. Sow the frost germ in time

Many perennials that are native to temperate climates are frost germs. Examples include Bleeding Heart, Astilbe, Phlox or Christmas roses. The seeds contain a plant hormone that inhibits germination and is slowly degraded at low temperatures. It protects the seed from germinating even before the onset of winter. If you want to sow perennial seeds, then the best time is right after the seed harvest. Covered nursery boxes just stay outside for the winter, and the seeds usually germinate next spring.

Sow seeds

To moisten the seeds, it is best to use a spray bottle or a watering can with a fine spray, so that the seeds do not swim away

3. Sprinkle seeds properly

Fine plant seeds are often so light that the surface tension of the water is sufficient to lift them out of the potting soil and flush them away. So water with a watering can and a fine shower or with a sprayer. After sowing, you should press the seeds with a wooden board and thinly sift with sand. Cover the sowing containers with foil or a plastic hood and check the soil moisture daily - the seeds must not dry out during germination.

4. light germ or dark germ

Some plants have a biochemical mechanism that protects the seeds from germination in deep soil layers (light germs) or from the risk of dehydration on the surface (dark germs). These requirements are usually met automatically by sowing fine seeds flat and larger grains slightly lower. Fine germs are typical of light germs, while those of dark germs (for example maize or virgin in the green) are usually coarser.

Sowing green manure

The sowing from the hand should be practiced

5. Practice surface sowing with quartz sand

Lawn or green manuring such as wheat by hand requires practice. The first attempt usually ends with an irregular distribution - and before all the bald spots are sown, the seed is used up. The difficulty is to hurl the seeds evenly out of the half-closed hand with a wide swing of the arm and to walk the surface at the appropriate, steady pace. Tip: Prior to sowing, "dry exercises" with bright, not too fine quartz sand make sense - on dark soil, the distribution can be checked well.

6. Growing soil promotes root growth

For sowing in pots or trays you should only use special sprouting soil. It contains hardly any nutrients in contrast to normal potting soil. Therefore, the young seedlings must actively search to meet their nutritional requirements, forming a strong root system. After a few weeks, however, they need regular fertilizer, so they grow well.

seed disc

With seed discs and bands, the required spacing between seeds is easier to maintain

7. Seed discs and seed bands

Seed discs are popular for growing culinary herbs in the pot, while seed bands with carrots, lettuce and summer flowers are used for field sowing. Advantage: The seeds are evenly embedded in fast-rotting special paper made of natural raw materials. It is important that the Aussaasilfen have good earth contact everywhere, so that the seeds do not dry out. Therefore you have to moisten the discs and bands immediately after laying out and finally press the soil well.

8. Pay attention to the distances

With a planting line you not only keep the recommended row spacing exactly - it just looks better when the vegetables grow exactly in rank and file. For dipping or single grain sowing, a suitably sized wooden stick helps to maintain uniform spacing within the row. For optimal use of space, the plants of adjacent rows should always be offset from each other.

9. Do not sow too early

If you have neither a greenhouse nor a winter garden, you should not start too early with the pre-culture of vegetables and flowers. On the windowsill, the light intensity is barely enough before the beginning to the middle of March to attract vigorous plants.The seedlings tend to hurry at room temperature and lack of light: they form long thin shoots with small yellow leaves in search of more light. The problem can only be avoided with special plant lights or a significantly lower ambient temperature. In the unheated, frost-free greenhouse, sowing before mid-February is not recommended.

Pre-culture paprika

Heat-loving species such as tomatoes, peppers or aubergines would not ripen in our latitudes without precultivation because the growing season is too short

10. Prefer vegetables and flowers

Pre-culture is the early sowing in the greenhouse or on the windowsill. This is useful for all types of vegetables, which - like cabbage - have a particularly long culture period. Balcony flowers are grown in the greenhouse so that they are in bloom as early as possible in early summer. Even with plants that are vulnerable to snails as seedlings, a preculture can be useful.

Video Board: 5 Gardening Hacks for Seed Sowing Success.

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