10 Tips about trees in the garden

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Trees are an important part of garden design. They can be used to create spaces, direct glances and, if correctly positioned, set accents. And by the way, they also give you soothing shade. In the selection, planting and care, however, should be considered some important points, so you have years of enjoyment of your house tree.

1. Plant treetops

With robust perennials almost all trees can be greened easily. Important: Make sure that there is not too much competition between the tree and the planting. Low rooted shrubs such as birch or maple should rather be planted with deeply rooted perennials (for example, funerias or autumn anemones).

2. Damage caused by roots

Hobby gardeners often avoid larger trees because they fear that their roots will grow into sewers. In the street, cables near the tree are often covered with plastic root protection mats to prevent problems. These only occur when the sewer pipe is leaking, because moisture stimulates root growth. Frequent damage is raised paving - it is especially noticeable in shallow-rooted trees. To avoid this, you should dig a 60 centimeter deep root barrier made of plastic vertically into the ground at critical points along the pavement edge.

Tripod tree pole

For larger trees, a tripod is best, a construction of three piles, which are bolted together above wooden crossbars.

3. Do not forget the support post

A long tree trunk acts like a lever - so storms can still uproot newly planted trees even after several years. Smaller specimens are therefore protected when planting with a pole. Always place a tree pole on the west side of the tree as the strongest winds blow from this direction. Fit the tree with the support into the planting hole, then first hit the stake in the ground and then plant the tree. He should be tied tightly under the crown with 10 to 15 centimeters distance to the post, so that he has little room to move. To attach it is best to use stretchy coconut knitting or special plastic net binding material.

4. Keep distance to neighboring property

Regulations for the border distances of trees, shrubs and hedges can be found in the Neighborhood Law. These are state regulations, which vary depending on the state. If you want to plant a tree near the border, you should first check with your community which distance is to be observed. If a tree has been too close to the border for more than five years, a period of limitation usually applies: the tree only has to be disposed of if it causes a significant damage to the neighboring property.

Ball Maple

The high-stem maple retains its shape without cutting, but the spherical crown can become very sprawling over the years

5. Note the crown width

Although many hobby gardeners inquire about the height of the tree when buying trees, they do not waste any thought on the width of the crown. It is much more important, because you can use the area under the treetop, depending on the tree often only limited. Therefore, plant trees that do not grow beyond the intended area. Otherwise, you have to regularly use the pruning shears to keep the crown in its place - and this is tedious and, in the long run, only possible with spherical crowns such as the ball-trumpet tree, without impairing the natural growth.

6. Beware of aphid magnets

Linden trees are not the right choice as a natural shade dispenser for seating, because almost all species and varieties are attacked by aphids in early summer. These feed on the vegetable juice and excrete honeydew. The sugary secretion usually falls from June in fine droplets to the ground and lays as a thin, sticky film on the garden furniture. The lowest aphid infestation is found in silver lime trees (Tilia tomentosa), winter lime trees (T. cordata) and Crimean lime trees (T. euchlora) are relatively weakly affected.

7. Pay attention to soil and location requirements

Like all garden plants, trees have their preferences as far as the soil is concerned. It is not a good idea to plant a tree that needs loose, humus rich, sandy soil in a heavy clay soil. A soil improvement has its limits, because as soon as the roots of the optimized area outgrow, usually start the problems. The good news is that most species can cope with both sandy and loamy substrates. As for the light, the matter is even easier, because almost all the larger trees are sunny.

Tree on terrace with planted tree slice

The tree slice should not be completely paved - tree roots need air to breathe

8. Roots need air to breathe

Occasionally you can see trees with completely plastered root area.The roots are cut off from the rainwater and the compacted soil under the pavement has hardly any air-bearing coarse pores. Such growth conditions result in a long period of dying in most tree species, eventually leading to death. If you want to place a seat under a tree, you should plan around the trunk an unsealed area - the tree disc - which corresponds in diameter at least half the width of the crown. The ideal flooring is fine grit, which is spread on a plastic fleece, so that it does not sink into the uncompacted subsoil.

9. Large shrub as house tree

If you are looking for a large wood for your garden, you should include in addition to the trees and the group of so-called large shrubs in your selection. Large shrubs grow in contrast to the real trees multi-stemmed, five to ten feet high and form in the age often picturesque, umbrella-shaped crowns. Popular large shrubs are, for example, rust-bearded and snake-skin maple (Acer rufinerve and Acer capillipes), cornelian (Cornus mas) and flower dogwood (Cornus kousa).


If it has enough space, a flower dogwood decorates the garden as a classic solitaire

10. Woody plants with more than one appearance per year

Magnolias are a typical example of trees that are breathtakingly beautiful during their short flowering, but do not offer much for the rest of the year. If there are only a few shrubs in your garden, you should opt for a tree that not only convinces with beautiful flowers, such as ornamental apples, but also trumpets with fruit decorations in autumn. Autumn and autumn colors, crown shape and bark are very decorative in some species.

Video Board: 10 Tips How to Prune a Ton of Fruit Trees.

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