10 Tips about flower bulbs


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To get the flowers of spring in the garden, you have to plant the flower bulbs of tulip, daffodil and Co. already in the fall. Here are ten tips for you to learn what to consider when planting bulbs and tubers, and how to skilfully highlight the spring flowers.

1. flowering perennials as a bed partner

Onion flowers for the bed, such as tulips, hyacinths or imperial crowns, are best shown in combination with flowering perennials. For this reason, always include the already existing perennials into the bed planning when selecting flower bulbs. The blue-violet, flowering in May fluff flowers fit very well, for example, late yellow tulips. Beautiful perennial partners for daffodils are for example Lenzrose, Gämswurz, dwarf iris, lungwort and Caucasus forget-me-not.

Flake flowers and tulips

Flockenblumen are great bed partners for the yellow tulip

2. Successful Wilderness

"Verwildern" refers to the independent propagation of onion flowers by daughter bulbs or tubers, often additionally by seeds. In particular, small-sized or less well-bred species such as crocus, winterling, snowdrops and blue oysters can form large flowerbeds over time. To succeed, however, the soil and site requirements must be right. Sprinkle some compost in the first few years already in the fall, refrain from any tillage and let the plants on the lawn completely retract before you mow the leaves.

3. How to recognize good quality

Buying flower bulbs and tubers in the fall does not hurt to look a little closer: pick up the storage organs and apply gentle pressure with your thumb and forefinger. If they barely give, the onions are free from fouling and have not started to drift. The size of the onion is also important. All of the cells of the future plant are already fully developed and only have to stretch when released. The largest onions are therefore the strongest plants with the largest flowers.

4. The right planting depth for flower bulbs

The rule of thumb is that you should put flower bulbs twice as deep as the onion is high. This rule is somewhat misleading because the double onion height could refer to the depth of the planting hole or to the thickness of the layer of soil above the onion. The correct interpretation is to dig the planting hole twice as deep as the onion is high - so the flatter variant. Experience has shown, however, that also lower set onions and tubers penetrate to the surface and that many species can correct the depth even with special Zugwurzeln over several years. So you do not have to be too careful when planting and you can put the onions a bit lower.

Woman with flower bulb

The planting hole should be twice as deep as the onion is large

5. Sand as drainage for heavy soils

Most bulbous flowers are native to summer dry regions and therefore very sensitive to stagnation during the resting period. Moist, loamy soils and rainy, Atlantic summers are sure death for tulips and imperial crowns, for example. Protection against decay provides a drainage layer of sand under each onion. It absorbs the excess water and promotes seepage into deeper soil layers, while the flower bulb remains largely dry. For a good rot protection the sand layer should be at least five centimeters thick. The most suitable is coarse grained sand, as it is also used for the production of mortar.

Put sand in the plant hole

The sand layer should be at least five inches thick

6. Pot planting according to the lasagna method

The different planting depths of the different bulb flowers have a big advantage: you can plant a large variety of flowers in a small space. Especially in flower tubs, the multi-layer planting is based on the lasagna principle interesting: down to one sets high species with large onions such as imperial crowns, garlic or lilies. For example, the middle layers are planted with tulips, daffodils and hyacinths, and small species such as crocus, grape hyacinth or ray anemone reach the top.

Cross section flowerpot according to the lasagna principle

Advantage: You can plant a large variety of flowers in a small space

7. Put the right number of onions

The smaller the plants are, the larger the number of seeded onions should be. For example, to turn the lawn into a crocodile rug, you should set several tuffs out of at least 20 tubers at a distance of about 40 to 60 centimeters. Tulips and daffodils come into their own as groups of ten in the bed.Large ornamental species and imperial crowns can also be distributed individually or in groups of three onions in the bed. Typical of rockeries is a small-scale changing planting. Therefore, you put wild tulips and other suitable species here basically in smaller groups.

8. Division after flowering

Small onions and tubers such as snowdrops, blue oysters and radiant anemones dry out very quickly. Tubers in particular should be placed in the water for 24 hours after purchase and then planted immediately. More reliable is the "planting in the green", as the English call it, ie sharing in the expired state immediately after flowering. For this purpose, as with flowering shrubs, it is possible to prick a piece out of the eyrie with the spade and reinsert it at the desired location. In low species such as Winterlingen can be in March with a flower bulb planter punch out and implement round pieces of carpet. The resulting holes are replenished with potting soil.

Share expelled flower onions

Share the flowers after the expulsion

9. Bargain hunting in late autumn

Many nurseries and hardware stores are offering their remaining bulbs from the end of November at significantly reduced prices. There is no reason not to play this game once again. Even if the bulbs and tubers are only planted after Christmas, they reliably open their flowers in the spring, albeit a little later. If the green sprouts are already visible, you should plant the bulbs immediately, so that they can rooted in time.

10. Protection from voracious voles

If only half of the newly planted tulip bulbs sprout in the spring, the voles have probably struck. If the rodents in the garden already mischief already, you should put new tulips in principle in vole baskets made of wire. You can easily make the baskets of rectangular wire with about one centimeter mesh size. They should be 15 inches deep and have a side of at least 20 centimeters. So there is still room for a drainage layer below and you can plant several onions.

Place flower bulb in wire basket

The flower bulbs can be protected from rodents with a simple wire basket

Video Board: Top 10 Easy Grow To Flower Bulbs.

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