10 Tips for more useful insects in the garden


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There are many ways to lure ladybug and Co. in their own garden: native woody plants, garden ponds, insect hotels and flower meadows. If you follow a few tips, you will soon be pleased with more useful insects in your garden.

1. Native trees and shrubs

Several years ago it was "in" to plant as many non-native coniferous trees in the garden as possible, which enormously reduced the species diversity of insects - and thus of the birds as well.House plants are more advantageous: live on hawthorn, elderberry, blackthorn or oak 400 different species of insects A hedge of native flowering shrubs is also a valuable habitat for beneficial insects of all kinds.

apple blossom

Orchard meadows also have much to offer; In the spring, the fragrant flowers of the apple trees are served by countless nectar collectors

2. Preventive pesticides

Those who want to fight pest or plant diseases in the garden, should choose methods that do not harm beneficial animals. Although chemical pesticides are tested for their beneficial effects on insects before they are approved, pesticides should generally be used without decongesting pests or protecting them. Vegetable fumes or broths are also alternatives. Promoting the beneficials, reduces the pest population automatically.

3. Simple flowers are the best nectar dispensers

Many gardens have plenty of flowers to offer, but these are often useless for nectar collectors such as bumblebees, bees, hoverflies and butterflies: In the densely filled flowers of many roses, peonies and other bedding plants, the insects do not reach the nectar. In some species, the nectar production has been bred out in favor of the flower structure. Simple flowers with just a wreath of petals and accessible flower center, on the other hand, are ideal.

4. Appetite for aphids

The seven-point ladybug is known to everyone. The favorite food of the larvae and adult beetles are aphids: A female eats several thousand during its lifetime. As ladybugs overwinter as adult animals, they emerge early in the year and multiply the most when their prey, the aphids, is most abundant. Only aphid-leaking ants regularly drive the beetles out of "their" aphid colonies. With leafy piles or ladybug houses as winter quarters and the abandonment of pesticides can promote the beetles.

Ladybird eats aphids

Also, the common Asian ladybird (he has more than seven points) is a welcome aphid

5. There's something going on in the water

A pond in the garden is vital to many insects. While water beetles or water bug live their entire lives in the water, others spend their larval stage in the pond. This can take up to five years for the dragonfly. The adult dragonflies use a lush bank vegetation around the garden pond as a hunting ground. From the end of March they will lay their eggs on aquatic plants. One should not underestimate the importance of a pond as a drinking place for insects such as bees, bumblebees, butterflies or hoverflies. For them you can create a shallow water area (1 centimeter water depth) on one side. If you want to encourage insects, you should do without fish in the pond.

pond

If you want to encourage insects, you should do without fish in the pond

6. Butterflies feel good here

Colorful butterflies fluttering from flower to flower are welcome everywhere. While they feed on sweet nectar, they pollinate a variety of our garden plants. The caterpillars are kept at bay in natural gardens by birds. Summer lilac, red clover, phlox, Dost, stonecrop, asters or thyme are butterfly magnets and also attract the dovetail. He loves sunny, stony soils; There he puts his eggs off.

7. Create a flower meadow

A blooming meadow in the garden is home to more useful animals than a short mowed lawn. The flowers provide welcome food to nectar-sucking species such as bees, butterflies, hoverflies and bumblebees. In the herb layer live grasshoppers and cicadas, the soil colonize beetles, centipedes and other arthropods. They are part of the biological cycle and not only provide good soil and flower pollination, but are even food for many birds, which are in turn important pest exterminators in our gardens. From April one sows the flower seeds on vegetation-free, lean soils; mowing is done twice a year.

8. A home for wild bees

Wild bees make an enormous contribution to pollination - without them, the fruit and vegetable harvest would be much lower. Many of them are loners and build their own breeding tubes, in which their offspring develops. Special bee hotels, which facilitate the search for suitable nesting sites, you can build or buy yourself. The mason bees, which are indispensable especially in orchards, gladly accept wooden blocks with drilled tubes (diameter 8 mm, length 8 cm). Important: To avoid cracks, always drill across the grain and not into the end grain. Do not paint or varnish. The best place for the bee hotel is rain protected and sunny. Wild bees are extremely peaceful. The sting of most species is so small that it can not penetrate our skin.

9. Regent life in the compost heap

Compost piles not only provide valuable soil for our ornamental and vegetable beds, they are also a habitat for many endangered species of insects, which play a major role in the conversion of organic matter. Sometimes you can do without their decomposition work even on a conversion of the compost. Among other things, the hardworking larvae of large-scale beetle, rhinoceros beetle and rose beetle can be found in the compost pile. The decomposition work of the woodlice (crustaceans) should not be underestimated.

pile of leaves

On leaf vacuum cleaners and blowers you should do without

10. Leave foliage undisturbed under trees

The autumn foliage may lie quietly in natural gardens - as a shelter for a multitude of microorganisms, including useful insects such as snail-eating ground beetles or firefly larvae. Many species such as ladybirds overwinter in the foliage. Later, soil dwellers decompose the leaves into valuable humus.

Video Board: ★ 10 Beneficial Insects You Want in the Garden (Insect Guide).

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