The Content Of The Article:
- 1. Ripe berries in the fall?
- 2. Plant on dams
- 3. The ideal place in the garden
- 4th order is half the life
- 5. Fertilization: Organic and well dosed
- 6. Cut of summer raspberries
- 7. Cut autumn varieties
- 8. Lawn cut as a mulch layer
- 9. The right harvest time
- 10. Variety recommendation
Raspberries are part of every snack. Unfortunately, this treat is not only extremely popular with us - even diseases and pests do not stop at the snack. If you are not careful, your own harvest can be very poor. So that this does not happen to you, we have compiled 10 tips for you about raspberries in the garden.
1. Ripe berries in the fall?
There are two varieties: summer and autumn raspberries. Although summer fruits such as 'Meeker' (photo above) produce larger fruits, they are also often attacked by the maggots of the raspberry beetle and often suffer from Ruthenian diseases. These problems are rare in autumn varieties. For the raspberry beetle, they flower and fruit too late and they do not show up as the shoots are cut off after one year. Another advantage: The plants can do without a trellis.
2. Plant on dams
Planting on a dam prevents root rot
Raspberries are prone to root rot. You can prevent it with the dam planting: Loosen the ground and pour a 30 centimeter high and 60 centimeter wide dam out of humus rich soil. If necessary, you should enrich your garden soil with lots of leaves and bark compost. Place three raspberries per meter in the center of the dam and cover with bark mulch at the end. By the way: Planting time is almost year-round in potted seedlings.
3. The ideal place in the garden
Just because the shrubs are at home in the forest, one should not conclude that raspberries get along with little light. The plants grow only on clearings or on sunny forest edges. In the garden they need a sunny spot, so that they bloom intensively, the berries mature well and form their typical aroma. In more shady areas, the pollination rate of the flowers is much lower and you have in summer varieties higher losses from raspberry beetle maggots.
4th order is half the life
Summer raspberries need a climbing aid
Without climbing aid, summer raspberries are hard to keep track of. Immediately plant a trestle of wooden posts and three to four horizontal tension wires to attach the young raspberry ribs continuously. For this purpose, special metal or plastic clamps or thin cable ties, which are laid loosely around raspberry butt and tension wire, have proved their worth.
5. Fertilization: Organic and well dosed
The berry bushes are frugal and come out with little nutrients
A small handful of organic berry fertilizer in spring is enough to make a good harvest in summer or autumn. Organic fertilizers are the best choice because they release their nutrients slowly over a long period of time, enriching the soil with humus - just as the raspberries need it.
6. Cut of summer raspberries
In summer raspberries, harvested shoots are cut off at ground level in summer
Once-bearing varieties, also called summer raspberries, form flowers and fruits exclusively on the side shoots of the biennial rods. Cut off all harvested shoots at ground level in summer (see drawing), but leave the new one-year-old rods at first. In the autumn, the bed is then once again through-thinned, so that at the end per meter only ten to twelve medium-strength rods stop. They will deliver the fruits in the next season.
7. Cut autumn varieties
Autumn raspberries are usually cultivated in such a way that they only bear fruit on the new rods, which are driven out of the ground in spring. The cut is very simple - in the fall you simply cut off all rods at ground level. The ideal time for this care measure has come as soon as all the rods have been harvested and most of the foliage has been released. Next year, the new rods will simply grow and then cut off after the harvest.
8. Lawn cut as a mulch layer
Sprinkle the grass loose and not too thick, otherwise it starts to rot
As forest plants, raspberries are used to a soil cover from foliage. In the garden, they also have no objection to lawn cutting as a mulch - on the contrary: the mulch layer insulated against temperature fluctuations and keeps the moisture in the ground. In addition, the rotting grass remains enrich the soil with humus and nutrients.
9. The right harvest time
Raspberries can be frozen well in a freezer. Unprocessed they unfortunately do not last very long
Mid-to-late June, the first summer raspberries are ripe, the harvest season for autumn varieties begins in mid-August. You must pick the shrubs more often, because the berries mature gradually. The optimal harvest time is there when the fruits are still firm, but already well colored and easily detached from the cone.Botanists refer to raspberry as a collecting stone fruit, because it is composed of many globular fruits, each containing a small hard seed.
10. Variety recommendation
Autumn raspberry 'Aroma Queen'
The breeding of autumn raspberries has made great progress in recent years, the varieties are approaching ever closer to the fruit size and the aroma of their summer relatives. One of the best autumn raspberries is currently the new variety 'Aroma Queen' (photo). It ripens from mid-August to November and yields up to 800 grams of fruit per shrub.