The 5 golden rules of orchid care

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The fact that orchid care is a bit more demanding than that of other indoor plants is not surprising. Of course, most species of orchids, including the phalaenopsis, probably the most popular orchid of all, grow as epiphytes on the trees of the South American tropical forest. In order to be able to thrive in room culture, certain conditions must be created and a few rules observed. We will show you the most important ones at a glance.

1st rule: use orchid pots and the right substrate

Never use normal potting soil when planting or repotting, only use special soil for orchids. It is particularly coarse-grained and airy, so that no waterlogging can arise. The right time to repot is after flowering in spring. Be sure to shake the old soil completely out of the root ball before placing the plant in the new jar. This should be, if anything, only slightly larger than the previous one. Also check the roots for bad or dead areas that you remove with a sharp knife.

Cutting orchid roots

Use the scissors to remove all dried roots before you provide your phalaenopsis with fresh soil

The choice of the right planter is crucial for the good growth of an orchid. We recommend buying special pots for orchids. Thanks to their porous surface, clay pots can help sensitive plants to regulate the water balance. Often, however, you can see plastic containers, also made of transparent material, so that you always have the roots of the plant in view. Some orchids, for example, the genus Cattleya, tolerate no moisture at the roots and must for better ventilation of the root ball in plastic baskets (we recommend the commercial for pond plants) are set. Hanging growth forms (Stanhopea, Coryanthes and many more) are best kept in hanging baskets or slatted baskets. The classic orchid pots are made of ceramic and strikingly high. They have a built-in step so that the plant pot is not in the water.

Repot orchid with new soil

The orchid soil should spread well between the roots

Attention: Not all species of orchids are, as usual, after planting or repotting! Just the Phalaenopsis does not tolerate that at all. Instead, spray the substrate daily with a nebulizer with water to keep it moist. After two to three weeks you can then water the orchid again or dive normally.

2nd Rule: Orchids do not tolerate waterlogging

Stagnant wetness in orchids in almost all cases leads to root rot and rapid death of the plants. Make sure that no water collects in the planter or the planter. If you water your orchids with the spray bottle, never spray directly into the plant, just spray into the substrate or roots. The water can accumulate in the leaf axils or the heart leaves and rot there.

3rd rule: pouring with method

Pour orchids

Pour orchids with a watering can with a long thin spout

Orchids prefer their watering in the morning. Use only room-warm and very lime-poor water. Take the trouble to decalcify your water if necessary - the beauty of flowers will thank you. In summer you can also use rainwater. For watering itself, the showering or the dip have proven particularly useful. You can also spray your orchid with a spray bottle or use a plastic jug with a narrow neck. As already mentioned, you should only water the root ball and the substrate, not the above-ground parts of the plant. Which of these casting methods you choose depends on how much time you can spend on orchid care. The important thing is that you water orchids differently than other indoor plants and drain the plant well before you use it again.

4th Rule: Moderate fertilization for vital orchids

When it comes to proper orchid care, fertilizer must not be missing. We recommend special orchid fertilizer, which is available from specialist retailers. Wild growing, orchids come out with very little nutrients - this does not change in the room culture. Highly concentrated fertilizer salts, which accumulate in the substrate, bring the plant to a quick stop. Orchid fertilizer is usually very low in dose, but you can still reduce the dose to be sure.

5. Rule: Remove blooming stems

Cut orchids

From the buds at the bottom of the old flower stems are often new shoots. Therefore, do not cut off the stems completely

Also very important in the orchid care is to remove faded flower stems regularly. But keep them on the plant until they are completely dry. Only then can you cut them back to the "green". Let the stem approach with at least two new buds.
In our practice video you will find everything about orchid care once again briefly explained. Good succeed!

Video Board: My advice for orchid beginners: K.I.S.S.

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