The Content Of The Article:
- 1. The right place for the garden pond
- 2. Lay the pond liner correctly
- 3. Indispensable: Parental control
- 4. The right plant choice: note location and water depth
- 5. Make the pond edge attractive
- 6. Good living conditions for fish and other animals
- 7. Prevent and remove algae
- 8. Measures against water and substrate loss
A garden pond - no matter whether small or large - enriches every garden. In order to enjoy it for a long time, you should already pay attention to some things during the planning and installation. With our tips you can enjoy your pond in peace and you do not have to worry about holes in the film, algae growth or proliferating plants.
1. The right place for the garden pond
When choosing the location for the garden pond you should definitely avoid the full sun to prevent the increased algae formation. Since most marsh and water plants prefer sunny locations, it is advisable to choose a sufficiently bright, partially shaded place. Because only water lilies need five to six hours of sun to bloom. Likewise, a distant tree can provide shade in the strong midday sun. But do not plan the pond directly next to deciduous or needle-dropping trees to avoid the entry of leaves and prevent the formation of digested sludge on the bottom of the pond. Also consider the main wind direction: If there are larger deciduous trees to the west of the water, it is almost impossible to prevent foliage entry. The natural terrain profile should not be overlooked when choosing a location: garden ponds are most natural when placed at the lowest point of the property.
2. Lay the pond liner correctly
Anyone who spreads sand under the foil while putting on a garden pond saves money, but takes a high risk: once the foil has been punched, repairing it is not only costly but also costly. In order to optimally protect them from damage right from the beginning, an additional fleece should be applied to the sand layer. The laying of the pond liner is best achieved with warm temperatures, as the film is then softer and adapts better to the shape during modeling. Tip: Pond foils made of synthetic rubber (EPDM) are the most durable ones. They are not as brittle as the cheaper PVC films, but the repair is also more expensive in case of damage.
Protect your pond liner from the bottom with a fleece from damage
3. Indispensable: Parental control
Water attracts children magically and a disaster happened quickly. To avoid this and create safe conditions, you should confine the waters with a fence if your own or strange children are occasionally left unattended in your garden. Visually less disturbing, but also less secure is a stable metal grid under the water surface. It grows through the plants over time and is barely visible later.
4. The right plant choice: note location and water depth
The Siberian Meadow Iris (Iris sibirica) is a beautiful perennial for the riparian zone of the garden pond
When planting you should pay attention to leaf and flower jewelry and the site conditions. Depending on the depth of the water, a distinction is made between several zones to which different plants are appropriate: riparian zone (for example Siberian meadow iris, photo), wet zone (zero to ten centimeters of water depth, for example marsh marigold), marsh zone (10 to 30 centimeters, for example pikeweed), Deep water zone (40 to 60 centimeters, for example fir fronds) and floating plant zone (from 60 centimeters, for example water lily). As planting time, the months April to August are recommended, during this time, the selection in the garden center is the largest.
5. Make the pond edge attractive
If you have not already planned a pebbled stone foil when building a pond, you can use stones and small pebbles to laminate the black foil edges. By appropriate planting margins can be well designed. For this purpose, special plant bags, for example made of coconut, which cover the edges and the plants provide secure support even in light steep slopes.
With special plant bags also steep pond shores can be greened
6. Good living conditions for fish and other animals
Fish are an asset to the pond, but can also quickly become a burden. Since they usually do not depend on additional food, too many leftovers remain in the water. Together with the fish excrement, they enrich the waters with nutrients and eventually lead to the formation of algae. The water depth should be at least 80 to 120 centimeters for keeping fish, and at least 170 centimeters for koi carp. If you want to attract and retain other pond inhabitants, you should not put too many fish in the water. Rule of thumb for good conditions: a maximum of 0.5 kilograms of fish per cubic meter of pond water.
7. Prevent and remove algae
Small water features promote the water quality in the garden pond, because they enrich it with oxygen
In order to prevent the formation of algae, water filters and a suitable planting can be used.Especially helpful are oxygen plants such as hornwort and green pennywort. If green patches have formed in the garden pond, you should act quickly, because algae can have several reasons: It is often due to too many nutrients (leaves, dead plant parts, fish food) or impurities. The algae growth can be fished with a plastic leaf brush or a landing net.
8. Measures against water and substrate loss
If the end of the pond liner has been misplaced on the edge, water will be lost. Therefore, the film should always protrude as a so-called capillary barrier vertically out of the ground, so that no water is drawn off by surrounding soil or protruding plants. Even evaporation quickly leads to sinking of the water level, which can be easily remedied by refilling. Plants that grow on plains in the pond need special pond cover. So that it is not removed after insertion, always make sure to install "ramparts". Underwater plants are best kept in plant baskets under control. These prevent them from overgrowing and are easier to move when needed. In order to achieve the correct planting depth in the water, the plant baskets can also be placed on small stone platforms.
There must be no connection between the substrate of the marsh and riparian zone - otherwise the so-called wicking effect will develop and the pond will be sucked empty over time