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Abelia Grandiflora, the large-flowered Abelie, is an ornamental plant that is mainly cultivated in pots on the terrace or in the conservatory. For the right care this decorative shrub with lush growth and splendid flowering pleases.
Abelie - origin and appearance
This plant is a cross between the Chinese Abelie and Abelia uniflora. Both plants are native to the eastern provinces of China and are now widely used in the gardens of America and Europe. Grandiflora means "large-flowered", because this plant is characterized fragrant bell-shaped flowers in either white or in delicate pink (mauve). Their leaves are relatively small and shiny and look attractive even after flowering. Abelie usually flowers from July to October. Abelia Grandiflora is a shrub that can grow up to 2m depending on location and age. Effective effect long arcuate shoots hung with flowers. This plant is only conditionally hardy, without adequate protection it can enter in winter. The plant drops the leaves in late autumn. On the market, many varieties of Abelia Grandiflora are offered, such as "Francis Mason", "Kaleidoscope" or Confetti. "The varieties differ mainly by the shape and color of the flowers and partly by the fragrance.
Use and location
Abelia Grandiflora is an effective ornamental plant thanks to the shapely flowers. This shrub can stand in the bucket all the frost-free time on the terrace, in the garden or in front of the house entrance. As soon as frosty days come, the Abelie should move to their winter quarters. In winter, the shrub does not need much heat, it is only important that it overwinters frost-free. Temperatures between + 5° C and + 10° C are enough so that the plant survives the cold season unscathed. That's why an unheated conservatory is a good location for the Abelie in winter. At room temperature, the shrub continues to grow in the winter months, which weakens it. This plant loves sun and tolerates partial shade. In the shady areas, Abelia Grandiflora will quickly wither away. The location should be protected from the wind. As a hedge plant Abelia can only be used in the regions where there is hardly any frost in winter, e.g. in some areas in the Rhine Valley. Although the shrub can briefly withstand frost to -15° C, more than one-two days of freezing are fatal for Abelie. Even in the regions with a mild winter, this plant should be protected with the warm fleece if it winters outdoors. Tip: For Abelia Grandilora there is no preferred planting time, the shrub can be planted at any time during the frost-free season. For annual repotting, spring (March) is the optimal time.
Claims to the soil and fertilization
Abelie likes a humus-rich soil with a content of coarse-grained sand. Limestone or split must also be mixed with the potting soil so that the soil is loosened up. Abelia Grandiflora does not tolerate waterlogging, so good drainage should be guaranteed. Loamy soils are not a good choice for this plant, as well as soils with a high peat content. Abelie thrives on weakly acidic to alkaline soils. During the summer season, this shrub needs regular fertilizer application for flowering shrubs, whether in liquid form or as chopsticks. Also organic fertilizers are gladly taken. Tip: Too high a dosage or too high a nitrogen content in the fertilizer used can cause it to only grow in the plant but not to form buds. Reducing the dosage can help here. It is recommended to fertilize the plant every 14 days. In winter, the fertilization can be stopped because the shrub is in hibernation.
Care in summer and in winter
Abelia Grandiflora loves moderately moist soils and is very sensitive to waterlogging. Loamy soils without good drainage are harmful to the shrub, causing root rot and dying of shoots. It is also problematic when the root ball dries out, which can easily happen in potted plants, especially if they are on a covered terrace. Apart from the fertilization and regular watering of the plant, not much care is required. The plant is doing well if it is sprayed regularly, especially during the dry periods. In winter, the Abelie needs only a little water, but it must not dry out. Important: Although Abelias are considered more demanding plants, these shrubs are quite robust and largely insensitive to pests. Only at the beginning of budding in spring, it is advisable to control the plant on aphids and treat it with an insecticide if infested.
This shrub grows naturally very dense, it form many branches. Therefore, Abelia Grandiflora needs no radical pruning.Nevertheless, the gardener (the gardener) can form this wood to his own taste and form. Too often, however, the plant should not be cut. The best time to prune Abelie is in the spring, before the plant starts to sprout. The shrub is cleared, dead branches are removed. Abelie also tolerates cut in the old wood, while the gardener should be aware that exposes the plant for a year with the flowering. In summer, if necessary, some shoots are cut off, but these are rather minor cosmetic corrections.
Worth knowing about Abelia Grandiflora in brief:
- Decorative shrub with fragrant bell-shaped or funnel-shaped flowers;
- Throw off the foliage in the fall;
- Frost-sensitive, best wintering in an unheated conservatory;
- Needs loose humus soils;
- Should be moderately watered, tolerates no waterlogging;
- Should be fertilized with complete fertilizer every 14 days;
- Healthy, hardly any pest infestation;
- Shaping pruning recommended in spring.
- Type / Family: Shrub. Belongs to the honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae)
- Care effort: high. Lover's plant, which often needs to be controlled for fungal or parasitic infestation. In addition, winter protection required and regular fertilization
- Flowering period: June to July Main flower with fragrant ca. 2cm hanging funnel flowers in clusters sitting together in purpurrosa-white. After-flowering often until October. Flowers at the annual shoots
- Foliage: evergreen. Almost triangular shiny leaves
- Growth: Upright bushy
- Height: Up to 150cm and as wide
- Location: Sunny to partially shaded, warm, sheltered from the wind. Nutrient-rich and well-drained, like sandy soil
- Planting time: Anytime as long as the soil is not frozen
- Cut: In the spring after the frosts Auslichten and pruning dead shoots
- Propagation: By cuttings, but quite difficult
- Care: In case of dryness pour if soil has dried well for about 2-3 days. Fertilizer rich in nitrogen and potassium in the spring and compost or long-term fertilizer feed at the end of the winter. During flowering fertilize about every three weeks (liquid fertilizer) if long-term fertilizer has not been applied
- Hibernation: Requires very good winter protection with brushwood, mulch, leaves, fleece etc... Can still come in cold winters to failures
- Diseases / Problems: Very susceptible to parasites. If necessary, preventive spraying is susceptible to fungal attack with rising air humidity
- Special features: Subtropical plant, Can also be kept well in the tub, but then parasitic than planted specimens, Comes from East Asia