African Violet, Saintpaulia - care, propagate and flower

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African violets

The luscious flowering African Violet has blossomed from the nostalgic potted plant to the floral decoration element in the modern room design. Thanks to magnificent flowers from simple to opulently filled in magical colors, the cute Gesneriengewächs harmonizes with every style of living. However, in order for a Saintpaulia to fulfill the creative expectations, enough attention should be paid to the somewhat delicate requirements. Explore here all relevant details for proper care and a successful reproduction. Practical tips on how to bring the exotic beauty to bloom, there is on top of that.


The professional care consists of a carefully laced package of individual measures, all of which are important. If there are omissions in one place, the entire cultivation suffers. Therefore, pay attention to the following measures. The African Violet will not let you down.


The following site conditions pave the way to an abundantly thriving Saintpaulia all year round:
  • Light to half shady place without blazing midday sun
  • Advantageous is a location on the north, west or east windows
  • Comfortable heat of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius
In addition, the preppy potted flower expects a tropical humidity of more than 60 percent. To meet this requirement, fill the coaster with pebbles and water. As the moisture evaporates, it permanently removes the floral and foliage of the African Violet. Commercial humidifiers, an aquarium in the room or a babbling room fountain are also targeted in this direction.
tipAny hope of a richly flowering African violet runs into the void when the room temperature is constantly hovering below 18 degrees Celsius. A nearby thermometer should then be checked daily.

to water

The water balance is one of the mainstays of a proper care of African violets. The casting quantity plays just as big a role in this context as the temperature and water quality. How to handle it correctly:
  • Water Saintpaulia moderately with 18-20 degrees warm water
  • Dries the substrate surface, is watered until the first drops run out of the bottom opening
  • Ideally use lime-free rainwater or decalcified tap water
  • After 10-15 minutes pour out the saucer, if it is not filled with pebbles

violet African violet

Avoid the direct contact of the water with the flowers and leaves on an African Violet. Furthermore, a Saintpaulia does not want to be sprayed with water, otherwise rot could form.


In order to achieve the floral strength of a continuous flowering in unity with an evergreen foliage, the lovely potted flower should not lack of nutrients. Pamper an African violet every other week from March to September with a low-lime liquid fertilizer for flowering plants or an adequate preparation as a stick, cone or granule. If the care plan is based on a winter break, stop using fertilizer from October to February. If a Saintpaulia decorates the winter window sill throughout with its florets, administer liquid fertilizer without interruption. Its concentration is diluted by half during the dark season, as the exotic plant adapts to the reduced light conditions.

To cut

Wilted flowers or unsightly leaves are easily removed from an African violet with a spirited jolt. Avoid the handle to the scissors to solve the optical problem. The fleshy texture of an African Violet results in a rapid formation of decay as soon as a tiny remnant of flowers and stems remains on the plant after a cut.


There is nothing wrong with cultivating an African violet all year round on the warm windowsill and enjoying the abundance of flowers. If the little beauty, however, granted a winter break, this measure contributes to a much longer lifetime. Under the following conditions, a Saintpaulia gathers fresh forces in winter:
  • The potted flower in November move to a bright, cool room at temperatures of around 15 degrees Celsius
  • Do not fertilize until February and reduce watering
  • Continue to take precautions for increased humidity
At the end of February / beginning of March, the winter break is over, as the flower takes its usual position on the warm window sill and uses the normal care protocol.



Regardless of how an African violet spent the winter, at the end of February / beginning of March, the ideal time window for switching to fresh substrate and a larger pot opens. This nursing measure is only necessary if the vessel is completely rooted through roots and first roots grow out of the bottom opening.Choose a new flower pot that is only 2-3 cm larger in diameter, because in the limited substrate volume, a Saintpaulia proves to be much more flowering. As substrate we recommend a mix of loose potting soil, some rhododendron earth as acid component and lava granulate or expanded clay. So the potty action runs smoothly:
  • A potsherd over the water drain acts as drainage against waterlogging
  • Fill the lower third with the recommended substrate
  • Pot the African potato and tear off damaged leaves on the outer edge
  • While maintaining the previous planting depth, place in the fresh soil and sprinkle
It is important to note that the vegetation point is below the pot edge, while the outer leaves rest on the edge. At the end, press the substrate with a spatula or wooden spoon handle until there are no more air holes in it to counteract rooting. The advantage is a small pouring rim, so that later spills nothing.
tipIf an African Violet is transplanted into fresh, pre-fertilized substrate, the application of fertilizer continues for the next 4-6 weeks. Until then, the existing nutrient supply covers the need and there is no harmful over-fertilization.


In order to multiply an African violet successfully, it requires only a little dexterity and a steady hand. As the practice has proven, the offspring using leaf cuttings succeeds. To do this, select a vital, healthy foliage leaf to tear it off with a stalk. Using a sharp knife or a razor blade, cut a narrow strip along the bottom edge of the sheet. Now hold the perfect leaf cuttings in your hands. Place it 1 cm deep in lean cactus or pique soil and moisten it with warm, lime-free water. A wooden stick or fireplace match acts as a prop. This is how the further process works:
  • Put the pot in the partially shaded, warm window seat
  • Keep the substrate slightly damp at all times
  • A transparent hood forces the rooting
Over the next 5-6 weeks, several daughter plants thrive along the cuttings base. If such an adventitious shoot has reached a height of 3 cm, cut or tear it off. In a small potty, filled with a peat-sand mix, herbal or cactus, pour your pupils regularly. After 3-4 months, the tiny animals transform into vigorous African violets.

Bring to flowering

African violets

If the African violet refuses to flower, do not rush the horticultural rifle into the grain. Often, these are easily remedied causes that hide behind the dilemma. Take a look at all caring aspects to see what bothers the little diva. The following summary provides common triggers and possible solutions:
Cause: Inappropriate location
Solution: relocate
If a Saintpaulia is repeatedly exposed to bright sunlight or if it is in the permanent shade, the flower will remain off. The same applies if you expect the African immigrant to cool temperatures. Place the unwieldy African Violet in a partially shaded spot at a constant temperature of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius.
Cause: Dry air
Solution: Increase humidity
Located in the tropical regions of the world, the African violet requires more than 60% humidity. Especially under the influence of dry heating air this requirement is not always fulfilled. Therefore, place bowls filled with water in the immediate vicinity, a humidifier or lay out the coaster with pebbles and add water.
Cause: substrate with high calcium content
Solution: repot into acid potting soil
In the wild the African Violet thrives in the tropical rainforests of Tanzania. Here the soil is humus, loose and slightly sour. If you add a calcareous substrate to the ornamental plant, look for it in vain after a flower. In order to bring the Saintpaulia to bloom, simply add it to a mix of potting soil, peat bog or rhododendron soil and lava granules. In addition, in the best case you should only pour rainwater collected or decalcified tap water so that limescale does not build up in the plant soil via this path.
Cause: Expelled
Solution: Wintry growth calm
Presented an African violet already once its magnificent flower dress and miss it now, he simply lacks the strength. Send the exotic Diva from November to February in winter break in a bright, cool place at 15 degrees Celsius. Watering is rarely done at this stage and the administration of fertilizer is completely avoided.
African Violet has the reputation of being particularly demanding. In fact, there are a few aspects to consider for successful care. You will like the exotic houseplant when the location is partially shaded and warm at 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. Moderate watering at room temperature with lime-free water is just as relevant as regular fertilization every 2 weeks from March to September.Treat a Saintpaulia also a winter rest in the bright location at 15 degrees Celsius, you can enjoy over many years of the abundance of lush flowers. The propagation is easy with the help of leaf cuttings from the hand, so you do not run out of rich blooming window decorations.

Video Board: 6 Tips For Caring for African Violets.

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