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The Agapanthus is one of the few plants that forms a blue flower, but some varieties also bloom in white or purple. It forms spherical flowers that appear from July to August and then decorate most of the balcony or terrace, because lack of hardiness, the Agapanthus can not be planted out in the garden.
The Agapanthus is called in the German-speaking area Schmucklilie. It comes originally from Africa and is therefore used to higher temperatures. Impressive are their long flower stalks, which are up to a meter high and thus protrude far out of the plant. On it sit the umbels, which have a diameter of up to 30 centimeters and consist of many small single flowers. They work well as cut flowers and stay in the vase for a long time.
Care instructions for the Agapanthus
The Agapanthus should be sunny and warm and protected from the wind, otherwise the flower stems will break off easily. It comes out in the wild with relatively little water and should therefore be regularly poured as a container plant, but only sparingly. On the other hand, waterlogging should be avoided at all costs, as this will soon cause their roots to rot. The agapanthus should also be fertilized only slightly. Bloomed flower stalks are best cut off, as this again form new flowers. Withered leaves should not be cut off, but plucked.
The repotting does not particularly like the lily, so this should only happen as rarely as possible. The right time has come when the pot ball is completely rooted or the roots are already visible on the surface. Otherwise, it thrives even better if their roots do not have too much space, so the new planter should only be slightly larger than the old one. As a substrate can be used for the Agapanthus conventional potting soil.
If the bucket is in a place where it gets wet in the rain, it should be ensured by adding a little expanded clay or some potsherds on the bottom of the pot that no water can accumulate in the vessel and the soil does not compact too much. An older and accordingly large plant can be divided when repotting to plant the two halves individually in pots.
- The Agapanthus tolerates only light frosts down to -5° C and must therefore be brought to night frosts in their winter quarters. For this, the cellar or another cold room, which may be light or dark, is suitable.
- Hibernation at higher temperatures, however, is not recommended, as the Agapanthus needs a rest period to regain energy for flowering the following year. If it is too warm in winter, it may be that in the following summer, only few or no flowers form.
- Optimal for hibernation is a room with a temperature just above 0° C. There, the plant is only occasionally poured, but the pot ball should not completely dry out even in this time.
- By the end of winter, ie in January or February, the Agapanthus should be brighter and warmer again, so they soon expelled again. As soon as the outside temperatures permit, the bucket can then be put back on the terrace.
Pouring and fertilizing
Although a plant from Africa, the lily needs sufficient water during flowering. If one pours too little, the flower is quickly gone. But you can almost completely stop casting over the winter. Good fertilizer is important for flowering. Without fertilizer the flower often stays out or only a few flower stalks appear. It fertilizes from spring to September, then the plant needs a rest period.
If Agapanthus does not bloom
If the lily does not flower, this can have different causes. After splitting, the plant takes some time to flower again. She often skips a year. Another cause can be a big pot. The roots have to be trained first. It takes time and requires patience.For flowering, the force is not enough in this period. Another rule in the Agapanthus: Too much soil produces many leaves, but little flowers. Excessive nitrogen fertilization also causes leaf formation. Missing or wrong nutrients are also a reason for missing flowers in Schucklilien, because they are heavy-eaters.
First, there are summer and wintergreen species. There are about 500 different types of lilies. There are many hybrid breeds. Cultivated varieties are subdivided into Africanus, Campanulatus, Headburne and Praecox groups.
Evergreen Agapanthus are most widespread in Central Europe. They are cultivated in the bucket (see above). Deciduous Agapanthus are smaller, but they can be planted out.They are ideal for those who do not have suitable wintering quarters for the large potted plants. Either they are also kept in the bucket and then cold wintered or just planted. The Kübelhaltung has the advantage that the vessels and plant can be overwintered dark. You do not need light. So also a dark basement or a garage without windows are suitable. Temperatures should be between 1 and 10° C. In the garden the plants have to be planted well protected and need a winter protection. They survive temperatures down to -10° C, but must be protected from moisture!
Suitable for Central Europe evergreen Agapanthus
- African Moon - pale blue, up to 90 cm high stems
- Blue Gigant - dark blue, up to 90 cm
- Blue Penant - medium blue, up to 80 cm
- Goliath - sky blue, 60 to 80 cm
- Africanus Alba - white, about 100 cm
- Snow Ball - white, about 30 cm
- White Ice - white, 120 cm
- Danube - purple, 80 cm, 100 to 120 cm
- Purple Cloud - purple 120 cm
Suitable for Central Europe evergreen varieties
- Agentheus Vittatus - medium blue, 20 to 50 cm
- Tinkerbell - pale blue, 20 to 50 cm
- Lilliput - medium blue, 30 to 40 cm
- Septemberhemel - dark blue, 30 to 40 cm
- If you do not know if your jewelry lily is a deciduous or evergreen plant, you must look for the leaves. The non hardy, evergreen plants have broad leaves. The broader the leaves, the more sensitive the lily.
- The most resilient agapanthus are Maedbourn hybrids.
- The procurement of deciduous varieties is often still a problem. Good offers can be found in Dutch and English perennials.
- Conclusion of the editorship
Agapanthus convince by their flower balls, but also by their great foliage. You do not need much care, just a suitable place to spend the winter. If you want to plant the lily in the garden, you should opt for deciduous varieties and protect the plants well in winter. In regions with cold and long winters that is usually not enough. There is Kübelhaltung the better alternative. Important for Agapanthus is sufficient fertilization, so that flowers can develop.