Almond tree, Prunus dulcis - care and cutting

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Prunus dulcis are decorative ornamental shrubs with magnificent flowering

Since almond trees provide a magical ambience in the planter on the balcony and terrace, creative gardeners often favor this form of cultivation. The substrate recommended is high-quality potting soil compost-based with the addition of perlite or expanded clay.
to water
The extent of the water supply depends on the weather conditions and on the selected installation variant. In the confined volume of a planter, the roots of an almond tree are more dependent on complementary watering than in the free space of the beet. To pour Prunus dulcis appropriately:
  • Water young plants frequently and abundantly
  • Water adult almond trees twice a week during summer dry periods
  • irrigate constantly, the water hose should run for half an hour
  • in the bucket make sure that the moisture penetrates to the ground
Tip: The water is almond trees, in principle, administered directly to the roots. Because sprinkling over flowers and leaves promotes the spread of fungal infections and rot.
In terms of nutrient requirements, a Prunus dulcis oscillates between moderate to high levels. This is accompanied by a regular application of fertilizer whose composition meets the special requirements of fruit trees. As the trend in the hobby garden continues towards organic fertilizers, compost ranks high on the list of recommendations. In addition, the specialized trade offers a wide range of high-quality products.
  • from the end of February / beginning of March every 14 days mature compost with horn shavings incorporated into the soil
  • Alternatively, apply a long-term fertilizer in early spring and in June
  • In the planter throughout the vegetation period, administer liquid fertilizers every 14-21 days
  • Optionally, use liquid compost, guano sticks or worm tea
However you cover the nutritional needs of an almond tree; no later than September no fertilizer will be used. In particular, the specimens in the field must prepare from this time on the coming winter. If there is another sprouting, it does not mature in time and freezes. At this point, the entire stone fruit plant is vulnerable to frost damage, diseases and pests. Tip: A noble ornamental wood, such as Prunus dulcis, comes with a mulch layer of high-quality pine bark particularly decorative effect. At the same time, the prestigious decorative cover keeps the soil warm and moist, while weeds are reliably suppressed.
Hibernate in the bed
Planted in mild grape growing regions, hibernation outdoors is not a hurdle to successful care. If the bed is in an exposed, rough location, the almond tree should be in the shelter of other trees. Since the crown throws off all the leaves, there is no risk of frosty temperatures in winter. This occurs only with the young budding in very early spring, when belated ground frosts do their mischief. In this case, protect the buds and flowers overnight with a fleece or a foil. Alternatively, a valerian spraying makes sense, which is sprayed on the tree in a 3-percent concentration in the late afternoon before a frosty night. At least up to temperatures of -3┬░ C, the flowers and fruitings are spared. Valerian concentrate is cheap to buy in any pharmacy.

Almond trees in the bucket do not overwinter outdoors

Hibernate in the bucket

Prunus dulcis in the planter should not spend the cold season in the open air. Too large is the risk that the unprotected root ball freezes.
  • Container plants in the bright quarters at 5┬░ C overwinter
  • Keep the substrate slightly damp and let it dry in between
  • regularly check for infestation by pests
To prevent premature sprouting, the wood should not be exposed to temperatures above 10┬░ C during the winter.
To cut
Indispensable in the proper care of an almond tree is a regular conservation cut. Since it is a spring bloomer, only the time after flowering is eligible for pruning. Otherwise, you rob the charming ornamental wood of much of its buds. How to do it right:
  • Choose a covered, dry day in May or June
  • sharpen and disinfect the cutting tool
  • First of all clear all deadwood
  • cut off sick, withered and cross-growing branches at the base
  • Shorten the remaining shoots by half to two thirds
  • make each cut slightly oblique, just above a sleeping eye
  • repeatedly step back a few steps to maintain the energy balance
The older the ornamental wood, the more courageous you should proceed.A careful 'à la coiffeur' cut does not encourage a Prunus dulcis by far to a lush branching, as a radical approach. On well-established trees only a few buds should be left. This circumstance limits the visual appearance in the first time a bit, but paves the way to the development of numerous, flowering shoots with an opulent flower florets.
Almond trees are usually on a game pad refined hybrids. Unwanted wild-shoots drive out of this underlay during the entire vegetation period. These may also be removed from the regular maintenance cut. Since these branches tend to drive out of the smallest remnants again, they are torn off with a jerk.

Most almond trees are grafted hybrids

Conclusion of the editorship

With an almond tree, the spring-like lightness of pink-white flower clouds that proclaims the most beautiful time of the year in an inimitable way draws into every garden. Care and cutting of this charming stone fruit plant are far from being as complicated as it should appear. Make the right choice for the location in a sunny, warm, sheltered location, you are on the right track. Watering and fertilizing pose no outstanding requirements. Before a successful cut, you should not worry too, because according to this guide you will not do anything wrong.
Worth knowing about the almond trees in a nutshell
The almond tree has nothing to do with the almonds that are popular with us. Furthermore, it is not a single-stemmed tree, but a shrubby shrub. But it is pulled as a decorative stem, because it simply looks better visually. The almond tree is ideal for individual use in front gardens, borders and in larger planters on balcony and terrace.
  • Species / Family: Woody, belongs to the family Rose Family (Rosaceae)
  • Flowering period: April to May with cupped or filled pink flowers
  • Foliage: deciduous; rich green egg-shaped leaves; beautiful autumn coloration
  • Growth: bushy growth with obliquely upright shoots, hardly branching
  • Height: as a high stem about 2 cm high, grows more in width than in height
  • Habitat: sunny to partially shaded, sunny being preferred
  • Soil: deep, permeable, rich in nutrients and humus, rather moist soil
  • Partner: Solitaire. Pulled as Hochst├Ąmmchen planted with ground cover
  • Required: compost in spring and organic fertilizer in May, alternatively give long-term fertilizer in spring
  • Wintering: Winter hardy
  • Diseases: Tip Drought (Monilia): See below diseases
  • is native to China
  • belongs to the large genus of ornamental cherries
  • can also be kept well in the bucket
  • simple flowers are an important source of early butterflies and bumblebees - filled varieties do not provide nectar
  • Fruits are often eaten by birds
  • After flowering cut back the shoots by half or even 5 cm
  • to promote the creation of new young shoots for a more beautiful growth and to prevent against the Monilia disease
  • Blossoms will appear in the coming year on the branches after the pruning newly expelled branches
  • Brown rot disease: Very susceptible to the fungus, which is mostly transmitted by insects and penetrates into the flower. Branches wilt abruptly, usually beginning on pedicels - 2-3 treatments with a fungicide during flowering. In case of infestation strong pruning after flowering. As a precaution consistently annual pruning of the shoots by half, since the fungus can only infect soft tissue.
  • Cosmetics: Almond oil is contained in many bath additives as well as in face and body creams, as the fatty acids they contain above all care for dry skin. These fatty acids protect against further dehydration and stabilize the skin to better deal with environmental influences.

Video Board: Almonds are a Fruit! - Green Almond Review - Weird Fruit Explorer - Ep. 107.

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