The Content Of The Article:
- Propagation by root division
- Propagation by sowing
- Advantages and disadvantages of root division and sowing
It is not difficult to multiply Alokasien. All you need is a sharp knife or seed. Then nothing stands in the way of new plants.
If the tropics have already found their way into your living room, you may not want to leave it at that and increase your Alokasie as successfully as possible. It is important to note a lot. You can choose different methods of reproduction and have to be more or less patient. You can multiply the Alokasie in principle by rooting and sowing. We would like to introduce you to both variants in more detail here.
Propagation by root division
In order to increase the Alokasie by division, the plants must of course have reached a certain size. The root system of young Alokasien is not yet sufficiently developed and the intervention would not get the plant well. Proceed with the root division as follows:
❶ To make the division, you must carefully remove the arrow from the planter.
❷ Now shake the soil off the plant and divide the rhizome into several pieces with a sharp knife. Depending on the size of the plant, you can thus win several new plants.
Always use sharp cutting tools to create smooth sections and avoid unnecessary damage to the plant.
❸ The resulting fragments should first be allowed to dry slightly. Then you can plant the rhizomes in a peat-sand mixture. Warm temperatures and a high humidity favor successful propagation. If fresh shoot tips show, you can assume that the root division has brought success.
Propagation by sowing
Alokasien can also be propagated by sowing. You can be confident that your older Alokasien seed or use the seeds offered in stores. Propagation by seeds can be done all year round. However, it is advisable to sow in the summer. Then you can put the planter on a warm day in a sheltered outdoor sunbathing area.
Incidentally, this method is most successful if you plant the seed into the soil as soon as possible, within one month of seed extraction from an existing plant. Proceed as follows:
❶ To promote germination, you should pretreat the seed. Cover the seeds with hot water and let them swell for about two days.
❷ Then you can already plant the seeds. In a high-quality seed soil, all important ingredients are usually included, which are necessary for a successful germination. If you mix coarse sand under the substrate, the permeability of the soil is improved and the young plants are protected against waterlogging.
Now bring the seeds about one centimeter deep into the earth. Then gently press the floor. Then place the planter in a warm place. The optimum germination temperature is 25 to 30 degrees.
❸ Now you should always moisten the soil evenly, but never soak it. It makes sense, instead of working with the watering can with the plant sprayer and moisten the substrate only. You should not use tap water. Water directly from the line is too calcareous. Use rainwater or distilled water instead.
Incidentally, you should not forget about the daily spraying with water. Once the substrate dries out, this can already nullify the successful propagation.
❹ Then it's time to wait. Alokasias germinate quite irregularly. This is not least due to the site conditions and the substrate used. At the earliest after two months, the first shoot tips are revealed. The germination time can also be three months or more. If the first leaves appear, the planter may be slightly cooler. At temperatures of 20 degrees you can now cultivate the plants on.
❺ About one month after germination, it is time to carefully separate the young plantlets. You should choose the strongest young plants and convert them into individual plant pots. The plants thrive best in high-quality potting soil, which you put with gravel, lava rock or coarse sand. This improves the permeability of the soil. The irrigation water can drain better and the root system is better ventilated.
❻ After the plants have received their own planters, they are cared for like adult alokasias. So you get a bright, but not full sunshine location and are cultivated at room temperature. The young plants also have an increased need for nutrients and should be poured slightly more in the first few months than older specimens.
If you have enriched the soil with compost, no fertilization is necessary. Otherwise, in the growth phase, you can administer liquid fertilizer in low concentrations every two weeks.
Advantages and disadvantages of root division and sowing
+ This method is not very time-consuming and has a fairly high success rate.
+ Several plants can be obtained, which can be planted immediately.
+ There are no costs and also the workload is quite low.
- To be able to share the rhizome, a sufficiently developed plant is needed.
- The procedure is not always successful and can damage the plant.
+ Those who have Alokasie can win the seeds from the existing plant.
+ With a little patience and luck many new seedlings can be won.
- Since Alokasien rarely form seeds, the purchase of the seed is often required.
- Sowing is not always promising and requires patience for several months.
- The seeds need to be irrigated and need consistently high temperatures.