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Evergreen plants belong in every garden. These provide some texture and color in the winter when the rest of the garden is asleep. However, you need some care and especially water in winter.
Since evergreen plants and trees retain their foliage in winter, they also evaporate water during the cold season. This moisture must therefore be available to the plants constantly in winter. Casting is only on frost-free days, in dry weather. Many evergreen shrubs are planted as hedges, but some of them also make themselves a very good specimen plant in the garden or in the tub.
Examples of evergreen plants & trees
The most popular evergreens include most conifers as well
- Cherry laurel...
Especially in the case of Buchs, Thujen and conifers, it is also very important to free them of the snow load in winter. Snow is heavy and can damage the shoots of plants. Therefore, they are shaken gently, so that the snow can fall from the branches. Books and smaller rhododendron species are often planted in pots. Here it is important that they are neither too wet nor dry out.
Most boxwood trees kept in tubs suffer dry-damage in winter. If the leaves turn brown and die, it is not due to frost, but mostly due to lack of moisture. In harsh areas, even winter protection can not hurt. Jute sacks are best suited for this. It is best to place the pots in a protected position, if possible, so that the casting can be controlled. So you can prevent too much, but also a lack of water. Both would be fatal for the plants.
Beware of conifers and exotics
As already mentioned, the conifers are one of the most popular evergreens, and it is also true that they bring green color in the garden in winter. Nevertheless, the conifers in your garden should better remain single points of view, first because a "uniform green cone" is perceived by the majority of people as simply monotonous, and secondly, because the conifers also have some disadvantages:
In Germany, only a few conifers occur in a natural way: yews and pines, spruces and silver firs - the silver fir is considered the most sensitive native tree species, because it is attacked by a variety of pests. These conifers would only grow in nature as monoculture. Pure fir forests can only be found where spruce trees can no longer be seeded and red beech trees are formed early due to extreme environmental conditions. Pine forests do you know? These, too, have arisen out of sheer necessity, pine trees can not stand up to the competition of all sorts of other trees, so they settle there where their unbelievable unpretentiousness brings them an advantage, the natural pine forests here always grow in extreme locations. So if your garden has good, nutrient-rich soil, pine trees will not last very long.
On the other hand, you have a good chance of making your garden just such an extreme location if you plant coniferous trees in excess. Because they then lead to an acidification of the soil that most plants do not like so much. Only moss finds it great, you will soon find plenty in your lawn.
Of the birds in your garden, however, you should say goodbye in time if you want to set "a green army". Even with our native conifers, our species of birds and insects can not do that much, and if you choose non-native species (which includes most conifers) they will not find any food at all.
Also with other evergreen exotics restraint is announced for the same reason, and besides you do you no favor, if you plant a plant with tropical origin in your garden, even if the salesman still so plausibly assured that this with us "completely hardy" be. Even if breeders were at work here, who genetically infused this plant with a little bit of winter hardiness, this usually comes at the expense of other positive properties, eg. B. Resistance to disease.
Local evergreen in the garden
If you prefer that everything in your garden grows very relaxed and the assembled plant society also benefits our environment, you should choose the evergreen plants that our native flora has to offer:
- Book trees and holly trees have already been mentioned, both can also be planted as a hedge and the latter even provides you with a pretty Christmas decoration for your home.
- If you are looking for a long-lasting native wood for a hedge or as a tree and the "always" does not necessarily have to be associated with the color green, then a hornbeam would be an option. This often keeps its leaves into the winter, they turn to brown, but at least still provide privacy and a "leafy sight".
- Well-known native and evergreen climbers are ivy and evergreen honeysuckle.
- Less well known are the evergreen purple creeping spindle and the Akebie, which is almost wintergreen, at least in mild climates.
- The common blackberry can not only climb, but leaves usually until late into the winter leafy.