Growing an oak - from the seed, to the pot, to the tree

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Growing an oak - from the seed, to the pot, to the tree: tree

Oak trees are one of the most popular trees in our latitudes. In many peoples, they were once even considered sacred trees. Although they do not provide fruit, they can live for several hundred years and have a mighty treetop that can be home to many small animals. It stands for strength and longevity.
No wonder many people want to plant at least one oak in their lives. This ritual is gladly used after the birth of a child. The child should emulate the oak and become big and strong and bring a long life expectancy. However, for an oak to be planted, it takes a bit of preparation. Especially if no bred tree is to be bought in the specialized trade, but from the glans to the finished tree everything should be made. This is needed:

  • a pregerminated acorn
  • Earth from the forest
  • planter
  • pot
  • water
  • patience

The seed

The seed of the glans comes from the fruit and can be used without much effort for the rearing. Often on wet autumn days you can already see quite well on the acorns, how they burst open and the seedling seeks a way to freedom. Training as a forester or gardener is therefore not necessary if an oak is to be used. Only a little patience, sun, water and good earth are essential as a prerequisite.

The seedling

In principle, it does not matter which acorn you use for rearing. It is only important that no maggots have already selected the glans as quarters. For the care of the glans a walk to an oak should be planned in the spring after the snowmelt. As a rule, enough acorns can still be found under the trees after the winter. They have the advantage that they are usually already burst and you can see quite well whether the glans sprouts or not. If, on the other hand, acorns are picked up in the autumn, no one can tell exactly if a germ forms. The rearing would take more time and be much more risky.

The earth

Without a tree no tree. This simple rule should be well known. For an oak, the soil is taken at best, which can be found in the vicinity of the site of the glans. It is optimally adapted to the needs of the tree, even if it is present only as a seedling to date.

The container

For the further development of the seedling no pot is needed. It is too deep and can complicate the rearing at this stage. It is better if it is placed on shallow bowls. Especially good are laboratory dishes. They have a relatively wide surface and are so shallow that they are ideal for expelling the seedling.
Tip: Not everyone can call laboratory bowls their own. Therefore, as an alternative, coasters for flowerpots with a large radius or even coasters for flower boxes can be used.
After selecting the appropriate container, it should be filled with soil taken from near the oak. The glans should be placed on the ground. A burial is not necessary. Once this has been done, care must be taken to ensure that the earth is always kept evenly moist. However, not too wet, since waterlogging could make the glans moldy and then the dream of his own tree would have burst once.

The first growth phase

Pedunculate oak - Quercus robour

It takes about a week, until the glans bursts further and a first root is visible. It grows horizontally out of the glans and becomes about one centimeter long. In the further course of growth, this small root bends vertically downwards and grows into the earth. So you do not have to do anything yourself and neither turn the glans nor cover the root with soil. Mother Nature does it all by itself.

The pot

While the root seeks its way into the earth, the first shoot, with its tiny leaves, drives out. One day should now be waited until the small plant gets a new container to grow. Since the oak belongs to the taproots, it is used to drilling its roots deep into the earth. In the planting bowl, this is only possible to a limited extent. For this reason, you should switch to a pot in time, which offers more space for the roots.
The pot should be relatively high to provide ample space. Again, the earth from the forest can be used again. For proper growth, care must also be taken to ensure sufficient moisture and sun. If the temperatures allow it and are above freezing, the pot can be put into the open air.
Tip: Such small delicate plants, even if these later become a thick knotty oak should not get frost. The small shoots can be destroyed by the frost and all previous effort would have been in vain. Only when the small tree has outgrown the pot, he should be planted on an open space.

The tree

An oak tree does not become a vigorous and shady tree overnight. "Good things take time" - this saying is probably the best way to grow. When the separation from the protected pot is made to an open space. There are some things that need to be considered. So an oak not only becomes very big, but also old. There must therefore be enough room for the tree, which should not be easily planted in the garden. In addition, it must be remembered that the leaves of the oak are rotting only with difficulty. It is therefore not suitable for composting. Anyone who brings such a tree on their own land must be aware that the tree loses many leaves in the fall and that they must be disposed of. Incidentally, this also applies to the acorns that the tree produces each year.
The small and freshly exposed tree should also be protected from animals and a careless approach. In the first few years, it is advisable to build a small fence around the tree and support the delicate trunk so that it does not nod.
Tip: Acorns are very much appreciated by the zoos and zoos for feeding the animals. However, it should be asked in advance how high the demand is and what quantities can be collected.

Worth knowing about the oak shortly

  • The oak belongs to the so-called beech trees and to the group of deciduous trees.
  • An oak tree can live for up to 800 years and reach a height of around 40 meters.
  • The seed from which an oak is made is called acorn. The first acorns she wears after about 15 years.
  • You can find them where the oak grows and casts off its acorns, among other things in oak forests.
  • However, after planting an acorn, it takes about fifty years for it to grow into an oak tree.
  • Especially in the history of the Teutons and Celts the oak has a special status as an offering for gods and as a magic weapon.
  • First, you need an acorn. These are found in oak forests on the forest floor. The glans should already have jumped at one point something.
  • The right time to plant an acorn is the time after the snow has melted, ie early to mid-February.
  • All you need is an acorn and a flat container, such as a deep plate or a dessert bowl.
  • The acorn seedling thrives best in the soil next to an already existing oak tree. This is not a must.
  • The irrigation of the glans must be done regularly, especially in dry summer months.
  • In general, the soil in which the acorn seedling is used should always be moist. In addition, the seedling needs a lot of sunlight.
  • When the seedling begins to grow, you can see a first result after only a week.
  • It shows a root of about 1 cm in length on its surface. This then grows right back into the earth.
  • Thereafter, the first leaves grow on a shoot. The root and the seedling always have approximately the same growth length.
  • Since the roots of the oak always grow vertically into the soil, the roots will soon carry on in the vessel in a horizontal direction.
  • Finally, you can transplant the oak into a larger vessel. Again, it is true that the earth must be kept well moist.

Video Board: Planting a large pot of oak seedlings grown from acorns in Utah.

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