So the animals spend the winter in the garden


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In winter, the world rests. Lakes and ponds are frozen over, the trees tower bare in the sky. Snow covers the land and muffles the sounds. And yet everything is full of life - you just do not see it. Because not only the humans, also the animals look for themselves in the cold season a protected, cuddly cookie. Where the definition of cuddly but can turn out quite different.

Winter quarters for insects

A so-called insect hotel is used by lacewings, hoverflies and wild bees not only as a breeding ground, but also in the cold season as winter quarters. Variety is trump: The more different dwellings you offer your protégés, the more different types of insects are absorbed. Hollow bricks, pieces of wood with drilled holes, reed and straw bundles as well as small wooden boxes with narrow entry slits are standard features of such a residential complex. Whether the hotel is inhabited is often recognized by the fact that the individual cabins are locked from the inside.

Insect hotel in winter

An insect hotel helps wild bees and other insects to survive the winter

Lacewings embark on a search for a cool, but frost-free refuge from October onwards. Suitable are sheds, garages and attics. In search of insects often get lost in heated rooms in the house. However, they have no chance of survival here due to the warm conditions. It is therefore essential to transport stray animals to cooler areas. In the spring, the useful winter guests populate the garden again.

Clutter helps animals overwinter

Nature has the right winter quarters for every animal. However, the search is more difficult in limited habitats such as the garden. We have to be just a little less tidy in the fall to help the animals during the winter: Who does not completely remove leaves and brushwood, but leaves one or the other heaps, for example, does the hedgehog a great favor. If you use square wire wire baskets to collect leaves, you should remove a few stitches at one or two places at the bottom to make hedgehogs comfortable in it. Also in stacks of wood, under inverted flower pots and in old sheds many beneficials find shelter.

pile of leaves

Even a simple heap of leaves, which is not cleared away, offers many animals a protection in winter

Protection in foliage and scrub

While the hedgehog hibernates into a large heap of leaves, snails find the most inaccessible place in the dense undergrowth. There, they lock their house with a lime cover for hibernation. Even trees are well visited in winter: beetles find a dry spot under the bark, while mice and squirrels feel at home in birdhouses and old woodpecker caves. The dormouse is also really cozy. In a soft padded, warm nest in an old woodpecker's cave or nesting box, the next seven to eight months will be fine. The garden dormouse is a relative of the dormouse and, despite its name, mainly in the forest at home.

Nesting box in winter

Some bird species use nesting boxes in winter as sheltered sleeping places

Ladybirds are already dealing with spring fever before winter rest: they prefer to spend the winter in large groups in a dry, frost-free place. In the spring, they save a lot of time searching for a partner. Even the bat does not have much of snow and ice and slept through the winter mostly in caves or old tunnels. An attic, a barn or a dark shed are also accepted.

Hibernate in the ground

Common toads are rightly their name, because they dig into the ground in October and wait for spring there. They share this tactic with the bumblebees: While the workers die in autumn, the young queens survive the cold season in earth caves, and then found a new people in the spring.

Common toad in autumn leaves

As the days get shorter, the common toad just digs into the ground

Hibernate in the garden pond

Especially prospective pond owners must plan: To avoid frozen fish, the pond should be at least one meter deep. As it freezes from the surface, the animals can retreat to warmer layers of water near the bottom. Eisfreihalter ensure that the gas exchange continues to take place. For very shallow ponds, fish spend more time in a tub in a light, frost-free place or in a cold water aquarium in the house. Change the water regularly and feed only a little. In winter, lakes and ponds house not only fish, but also some newt and frog species.These bury themselves in the mud on the pond bottom.

Video Board: Why Doesn't Winter Kill All The Fish And Plants?.

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