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The leaves as well as the bright red bracts of the anthurium gardeners and flower lovers all over the world have been impressing for a long time. Falsely, these showy bracts, which form around the inconspicuous yellow plum, are often mistaken for the actual flower.
These fleshy, often waxy bracts appear in many color variations: red, orange, pink, cream, white and green. There are also species that have less impressive bracts. For this, these varieties adorn extravagant leaves.
- botanical name: Anthurium
- further names: sulfur flower, ribbon flower
- belongs to the family of the arum family (Araceae)
- Growth height: between 20 and 100 cm
- Use: flower decoration plant, indoor plant
- Leaves: arrow-shaped, conspicuously colored according to species or monochrome green
- Flower: showy, large bract around a long flower
- not frost hardy
Among the arum family, the anthurium species are the richest species. Some species of flamingo flowers, originally from South and Central America and the Caribbean islands, place quite high demands on their location - especially in terms of temperature and humidity. The genus also contains a number of less demanding species that can easily be cultivated as a houseplant. However, original species are not common in indoor culture, mostly hybrids. As houseplants mainly three species are cultivated:
- Great flamingo flower (Anthurium andraeanum): green, leathery leaves (arrow-shaped), up to 40 cm in length, bracts in white, salmon red, bright red and dark red (8-13 cm), sprouts 6-8 cm in yellow
- Small flamingo flower (Anthurium severe): leathery, dark green leaves (lanceolate), up to 30 cm in length, bracts bright red (8-10 cm), orange red, spirally turned flask
- Anthurium crystallinum: very ornamental leaves, heart-shaped leaves with silvery-white veining, up to 55 cm in length, inconspicuous inflorescence
Popular varieties of the flamingo flower:
- Acropolis: creamy white bract
- Princess Alexia Jade: white bract with pink pistons
- Baron: pink
- Picco Bello: pink
- Fantasia: cream colored
- Prince of Orange: bright orange bract
- Midori: green bract
- Pistace: light green
- Rosee Coco: burgundy
As inhabitants of tropical regions, the Anthuriums do not need direct sun to grow and develop their inflorescences. In the apartment is therefore a bright location on the window without direct sunlight ideal. If the flamingo flower is too dark, the leaves become long and thin.
- Light requirement: bright, but no direct sun (midday sun)
- Temperature: in the growth phase constant between 19 and 23° C
- Humidity: as high as possible
In their homeland, flamingo flowers grow either on the ground or on trees. They do not form a pronounced root system. The leaves usually spring directly from the fleshy rhizome. If the anthurium is in the pot, the substrate should be composed as follows:
- high proportion of acidic peat
- coarse clay soil, compost or universal greenery soil
- pH value: 4.5-5.5
During the main growing season, flamingo flowers have to be supplied with plenty of water. Your root ball should always be evenly moist. Strong dehydration as well as waterlogging must be avoided at all costs. The Anthurie is best poured with soft water (rainwater) or the whole root ball immersed in water for a few minutes. Anthuriums are fertilized with a liquid preparation at a rate of about two weeks during the main growing season (April to August). Tip: Anthurium needs a relatively high humidity to grow optimally. It is best to spray them regularly with lime-free water.
Young plants are planted in larger pots in early spring. In older Flamingoblumen can take place at this time, a division of the rhizome for propagation. An anthurium needs to be repotted urgently, when its roots grow out of the hole in the pot. Otherwise, it is not a problem for the plant, if the pot is not very large.A somewhat cramped environment in the root area usually has beneficial effects on plant growth.
- first fill a drainage layer
- Material: coarse sand, expanded clay, fine pebbles, lava granules
- the new pot does not have to be much bigger than the old one
- As a rule, a vessel of 10 to 18 cm in diameter is sufficient
- Grasp the anthurium briefly over the ground and carefully pull it out of the pot
- shake out old substrate
- remove the top layer of earth (if limescale is visible)
- fill with some fresh substrate
- Insert plant
- fill with dirt from all sides
- in between, put the pot firmly on the base again and again
- so the loose substrate sags and there are no cavities
- only use as deep as before
- Press the earth lightly
- pour generously
To grow an anthurium from seed is very difficult. Usually no seeds ripen, the seeds germinate badly or only unsightly plants grow up. A better way to increase an anthurium is division. But this succeeds only in well-developed, older plants. These can be shared during repotting. For this, the roots of the anthurium are carefully pulled apart. In most cases, they already consist of several parts, which only have to be separated by a sharp, clean knife. Another possibility of propagation consists in separating already rooted side shoots, which sometimes form in older plants.
Only the dried leaves or flower stems are cut. Radical cuts do not tolerate the flamingo flower.
Hibernate / dormancy
In the real sense of the word, an anthurium does not have to be winterized. It retains its foliage year round, but needs a rest period after the flowering phase to encourage flowering for the upcoming growing season. During the winter, therefore, an anthurium should stand at temperatures around 15° C for about six to eight weeks.
- still bright location
- frost-free (stairwell, bright cellar room, conservatory)
- pour less (only when the soil is already dry)
- do not fertilize
Clean the leaves
Since a lot of dust always settles on the strong, leather-like leaves of flamingo flowers, they should be wiped regularly with a damp sponge. Anthurium crystallinum is also more sensitive here. For them, it is recommended to spray with lime-free water to clean the leaves.
Conclusion of the editorship
Anthurium is better known as flamingo flower. It is an arum plant. Between February and May the plants bloom abundantly, but otherwise often flowers appear. Particularly suitable as indoor plants are the varieties anthurium scherzerianum and anthurium andreanum. Anthuriums are doing well in closed flower windows.
Find out more about Anthuria in a nutshell
- The leaves of some species contain toxins. The concentrations of toxic components vary.
- Consumption may cause gastrointestinal discomfort, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting may occur.
- Contact with the skin or mucous membranes may cause redness, blistering or increased salivation.
- If you suspect poisoning, you should provide plenty of fluid.
- Anthurium like it very bright, but must be protected from direct sunlight. Ideal are western windows.
- They love warmth (around 20° C) and need high humidity.
- They can stay in a warm room all year round, but they have to be sprayed more often, especially in winter.
- Care should be taken not to spray on the bracts. Use only warm, soft water.
- The room temperatures should not fluctuate if possible.
- For about 6 weeks a year, in December / January, when the new buds form, the anthurium needs a cooler place.
- 15° C are then sufficient. At more than 20° C hardly flowers form.
- It is important to protect the plant from draft, it will not tolerate it.
- Anthuriums need enough water. It should be decalcified and lukewarm. Rainwater is ideal.
- The earth should always be slightly moist. During the short rest period is poured very sparingly and not fertilized.
- Otherwise you fertilize between April and September every fortnight. Waterlogged plants do not like, it usually comes to root rot.
- When the plant roots grow out of the pot, it's time to repot them.
- The best time for it is the spring.
- As planting substrate is suitable unit earth, under which you mix Styrofoam flakes.
- You can also mix charcoal, clay soil, sand and peat and make yourself from it Pflanzsubstart.
- In no case should the earth be calcareous.
- Anthuriums are very suitable for hydroponics.
- The simplest method of propagation is to divide the plant while repotting it.
- Rooted side shoots can also be easily separated.
- In the large flamingo flower you can abmosen shoot tips.
- Root and head cuttings are also possible.
Brown or yellow leaves
- It often happens that leaf tips turn yellow-brown. This is usually due to calcareous water or too cool a location.
- Dried leaf margins are usually a sign of too dry air.