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Do you love flowering plants in the garden that also produce usable fruits? Then an apple thorn could be the right thing for you and for your garden:
The apple thorn is actually called Apfelblättriger or Lederblättriger hawthorn or botanisch Crataegus lavalleiIt was bred by Mr. Lavalle in 1870 as a cross between the hawthorn hawthorn and the Mexican hawthorn in France. Like all Crataegus, white thorns, it belongs to the sub-tribe of the pome fruit family, one could say, a clan in the large family of the rose family.
As a pome fruit, the hawthorn is so related to apple and pear, which shows by producing small apples. His provenance from the extended family of the rose family, he proves by its lush flowers and the quite imposing thorns. The apple thorn is therefore a very beautiful garden decoration, the white-pink flowers show up from May, the orange to red apple fruits follow, and sometimes remain in mild weather until January on the tree. Even the leaves join in the decoration, but only briefly, because if they have turned yellow-brown to orange in late autumn, then fall off soon.
By the way, an apple-spike is very well suited to shade a seat, because it has such hard leaves that many insects do not like to visit it.
Apple thorn as high stem - care and cutting
The Hochstamm is probably the most common form in which you can buy the apple spike. The leather-leaved hawthorn prefers to tolerate a sunny spot in a rather nutrient-rich soil, partial shade and lighter soils. Otherwise, the apple is not very demanding: it is windproof and frost hardy, withstands drought and heat well. He is very cut friendly and has nothing against urban climate, even when it comes to city climate in the immediate vicinity of a main road.
The apple thorn as a high strain is basically cut just like all fruit trees. The right fruit tree section differs from some basic features such as the pyramid shape and the promotion of uniformly pronounced guide branches as a target of variety to variety. In the case of the apple thorn is definitely favorable that it only reaches a size up to approximately 7 meters. He is therefore quite accessible for the section in the upper area.
When choosing a location and editing, however, you must remember that it tends to be quite broad. If you do not want the older tree to be twice as wide as it is tall, you'll need to be careful right from the start that you cut the crown frequently, keeping it small and, above all, narrow.
The fruits of the apple spice are edible and rich in valuable ingredients: they contain as a dye carotenoid, which acts in our body as an antioxidant, and plenty of vitamin C. The only annoying thing is that the apples only up to two inches in size. In addition, they taste so floury that most people do not break out in enthusiasm while enjoying the raw state. However, you can make many tasty things out of the fruits if you process them further:
- Jam and jelly,
- or an attached "apple schnapps" - with whole, tiny apple fruit!
Again and again warnings warn by the Internet, that one should avoid the apple thorn because of its fire fire vulnerability. It is indeed true that the apple thorn, like some apple and pear varieties, is prone to fire blight. The horror reports from the Internet usually go back to fire blight, which caused serious damage in 2007 around Lake Constance, the disease has since been notifiable (fire blight regulation).
However, this does not mean that it is generally considered useful to reduce the risk of possible pest infestation by further reducing biodiversity and planting only pest-resistant trees. Check with the local conservation authority for the risk of fire blight in your area, you will certainly be able to say something about how endangered your region is in terms of fire blight and whether the planting of an apple spike is considered useful.
From an ecological point of view, however, the conservation authority might advise you to prefer a native, intervention or branched hawthorn (instead of an apple-spike).Crataegus monogyna) to plant. For as alluded to above, not all domestic insects and even a few species of birds like the apple-thorn, while the native hawthorn has a high ecological value. It is an important food donor and habitat, providing a livelihood to around 150 insect species, over 30 songbird species and many small mammals.
Further care tips
Like its ancestors, the apple thorn loves a sunny spot with light to medium soils, ideally a bit chalky.Otherwise he is very robust. Its leather-like leaves are less popular with pests, which is why very few aphids or other vermin on it. Longer periods of drought usually endure an apple-spike quite well, and extreme cold in winter will not harm it either. He is absolutely easy to clean. Nevertheless, he is happy about a watering, if it has not rained for a long time, and about some ripe compost in the spring.
Cutting apple thorn
The appearance differs according to its cultivation: an apple-thorn is either a large shrub or a tree with a small crown. It's the same with cutting. As a shrub, an apple-spike grows especially in width, so probably it has to be stopped already for reasons of space.
- If the shrub is too dense in its center, it makes sense to cut out some branches completely. The ideal time is February or March on a frost-free day.
- As a young tree, a built-up section forms the basis for its further growth. Similar to a culture apple tree, only a few branches with sufficient distance should be left here, so that the crown gets a uniform picture.
- Later, only slight need for Auslichtungsschnitte if needed. Even if branches grow transversely or bulky inwards, it is better to remove them so that they do not rub on other branches and thereby loosen bark.
Is an apple thorn poisonous?
In contrast to the firethorn, in which the seeds are slightly poisonous, the fruits of an apple thorn can be eaten without hesitation. They taste very floury though. Anyone who wants to use them anyway, can cook delicious jam from it. The birds in winter are also happy about a plentiful table. They like to feed themselves on a tree that is full of fruit when nature does not have much to offer.
The apple thorn has been steadily gaining in popularity in recent years. This is certainly due to its appearance, which has something special to offer at any time of the year: a flowery dream in spring, bright orange-red fruits that adorn the branches even through January and a beautiful autumn coloration until December. Since an apple thorn does not get that big, it fits into very small front gardens.