The Content Of The Article:
- The most important basic requirements
- Planting an apple tree - explained step by step
Bringing an apple tree into your own home garden is pretty easy. But there are some important things to keep in mind.
Apples are among the most popular types of fruit of the Germans. With over 30 vitamins, the small pome fruit turns out to be a veritable vitamin bomb with low calories.
In the supermarket you have a large selection of the most diverse varieties. Probably more than you will ever have at home. Nevertheless, the apple from the own garden tastes even better and cheaper it is on top of that.
The trade offers a wide range of varieties, which differ mainly in taste and growth habit. Planting a fruit tree is not science, but there are some basic requirements to know. And this is exactly what I tell you now.
The most important basic requirements
The right location
Decisive for large and juicy apples is not only the location, but also the condition of the soil. Apple trees need a bright, sunny to partially shaded place to grow vigorously.
There are large and spreading trees where the crown can reach up to 10 meters. Here you should therefore keep a generous minimum distance to the house wall. For small gardens, there are also varieties that are small in size and have shallow roots.
The optimal floor
Apple trees thrive optimally in a heavy, deep humus loam soil. This stores the water for a longer time and thus provides the tree constantly with the necessary nutrients.
The best time
The best planting time for the apple tree is autumn. In contrast to spring, the trees can grow better over the winter and sufficient roots. If you plant your apple tree in the fall, it also drives faster.
Planting an apple tree - explained step by step
❀ Step 1: Lift the ground
Before you can plant the apple tree, you have to dig a hole with the spade. This should be at least as wide and deep as the root ball of the tree. In addition, you should lighten the sole a bit with a grave fork.
Then test whether the depth is sufficient. The tree may not be planted deeper than in the nursery. This can easily be recognized by the lighter bark on the trunk. Basically, it is better to plant flat than to deep.
❀ Step 2: Insert apple tree
Now you can insert and adjust your apple tree in the hole. Make sure that the finishing station is at least ten centimeters above the ground.
Remove all damaged root parts in advance.
❀ Step 3: Pile set
So that the freshly planted apple tree does not tip over due to strong gusts of wind, it is safer if you use a pole for support. Knock the pile 10 to 15 centimeters away from the ground so the bark does not rub against the pile.
❀ Step 4: Fill planting hole with soil
Now that the apple tree is sitting in place and also provided the necessary support, you can fill the planting hole with soil again. You can also add some compost or a bag of potting soil. I always add a handful of horn chips. Then firmly tread the earth so that the cavities close.
❀ Step 5: Tie the tree
When the tree has a firm footing, the apple tree is tied to the stake with a coconut rope. Coconut is best because coconut is stretchy and does not cut into the bark. The rope is tied around the tree and stake in the shape of an apex, then the interspaces are wrapped and finally the two ends are knotted tightly.
❀ Step 6: Water apple tree well
So that the roots also grow, the apple tree must now be well watered. Two full pitchers of water are optimal here. So that the water does not run off to the side, you can dig a trench around with the spade in advance.
Here is a video that shows all the steps again:
At the beginning, the apple tree needs all of its power for the formation of new shoots and for acclimatization. So remove excess shoots. It is sufficient if at the beginning of three to four side shoots and a slightly longer middle boom remain. Already with the first planting you can influence the later growth form.