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His home is northern China. The apricot tree makes no special demands, only permeable must be the ground. He also tolerates dry heat quite well.
He loves a lot of warmth and sun to fully develop his fruits. The habit is close to that of the plum-men.
The tree survives our winter well, if not by warmth in February-March, the sap flow is stimulated too early and subsequent cold causes damage. Its very early flowering forces to cultivation or in the cultivation recommendation to strong restrictions. The flowers tolerate quite a bit of frost. However, this can quickly become too strong, and the risk that there will be no harvest, is outside the climate-friendly wine-growing areas quite large, also the flowering is sensitive to rain. The harvest is usually conclusive, d. h., it has to be picked more often.
The fruits are ready for harvest as soon as they turn yellow on the shade side. If a shipment is intended, it should be done early. When used to conserve, compote, Konfi-door and as a cake coating, the fruits may not be soft, for the jam production are fully matured fruits better. In the apricot can also use the cores. In addition to this versatile use of the fresh consumption is not forgotten.
Although the apricot can still be used as a large wall trellis, it should generally only be cultivated where peaches and vines thrive in the open air.
To come to a uniform harvest product, it is now common in the apricots to refine young, rather than to grow undegraded.
Nothing resembles the aroma of a freshly picked apricot from your own garden. Therefore, the protected cultivation on a south wall is worth a visit even in slightly colder areas. If necessary, you can protect the flowers appearing in March and April by covering with fleece before light frosts.
However, frequent rain affects the flowers and fruits. In low-precipitation regions, therefore, a stand under a roof projection is advantageous. Apricots are self-fertile, so you do not need a second tree for fruiting.
Apricot Tree shapes
Apricots are usually offered as bush and low-stem breeches. As low tribes they grow up to 5 m high and up to 4 m wide. You can draw them with pyramidal crown (one center branch and three to four leader branches) or hollow crown (without center branch). Otherwise, especially the education offers as fan trellis on the wall of the house.
In the meantime dwarf and column apricots are also available. They can be cultivated in the bucket, which greatly simplifies the choice of a protected location.
Apricots are ready for harvest in July or August. You can harvest them at full ripeness or still hard and then ripen for a few days.
- Apricot from Nancy: This over 200 years old variety has pale yellow, red-bake, very aromatic fruits
- Hargrand: The high-yielding variety, which is only slightly late frost-prone, with yellow-orange fruits is very resistant to diseases.
- Heidesheimer Frühhe: medium-sized, golden yellow, tender, juicy fruits characterize this old-proven variety.
- Mombacher Früh: An old variety with medium-sized, very juicy, yellow-red fruits; high, regular income.
- Orangered: This frost-hard variety has large, orange-red fruits.
- Hungarian Best: This frosty variety has large, bright orange-yellow fruits.