Apricot varieties from A-Z - Overview & Varieties recommendation

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Apricot varieties from A-Z - Overview & Varieties recommendation: apricot

Apricot trees are sometimes a bit difficult. Depending on the variety, a frost break or various diseases can quickly ruin a reasonable harvest. Even more so than with other fruit trees, apricots require the ideal location and the most resistant varieties possible. And of course the right care. In order to make things as easy as possible from the start, you should already lay the right foundations when buying the tree.

Grow apricot trees

There are two main factors in the cultivation of apricot trees - the selected variety and the location. If you do everything right here, there is not too much in the way of a good harvest. A wrong choice, on the other hand, can lead to very considerable disappointment at the latest at the time of harvesting. First let's look at the location. Apricots love it warm and sunny. A full sun is therefore a must. It should also be protected against the wind and also reasonably against rain, because the flowers and fruits are very sensitive to strong gusts of wind and heavy rains. Ideal is a sunny place in close proximity to a house wall. It should be noted that the tree needs a total area of ​​about eight square meters in order to be able to develop freely. The soil should be as nutritious as possible. Perfect is a moderately stony loess or loamy soil, which also has a high humus content. If you have such a location or soil not available, the cultivation of apricot is indeed possible in principle, but then you should adjust to rather low yields.
Tip: When planting the young tree in the root area, thoroughly mix the existing soil with deciduous or bark compost. This increases the humus content enormously.

Varieties from A to Z

Apricot trees have long been a darkened pastime in our gardens and were hardly in demand. This has changed fundamentally. More and more hobby gardeners are discovering the apricot as a delightful fruit for their garden. Not surprisingly, retailers are also reacting to the increased demand. There you will find a relatively large selection of varieties in the meantime, which are in principle all suitable for cultivation in our latitudes. The most common are:
  • Ambrosia: medium-sized, very juicy fruit
  • Compacta: juicy, medium-sized fruit
  • Gold Rich: very sweet, aromatic and rather small fruit
  • Hargrand: rather acidic and medium-sized fruit
  • Harlayne: juicy, small to medium-sized fruit
  • Kioto: aromatic, firm, medium-sized fruit
  • Kuresia: very aromatic, sweet, slightly sourish fruit
  • Luizet: very juicy and very sweet medium-sized fruit
  • Mino: sweet, juicy, medium-sized fruit
  • Mombacher Früh: very juicy, not so sweet, medium-sized fruit
  • Nancy: sweet, big fruit
  • Orangered: juicy, sweet, firm and very large fruit
  • Prunus armeniaca: sweet and rather small fruit (dwarf fruit trees)
  • Shipleys Blenheim: juicy, very aromatic medium-sized fruit
  • Temporao de Villa Franca: juicy, sweet-sour, firm medium-sized fruit
  • Uhlhorn's miracle apricot: very juicy, aromatic, medium-sized fruit
  • Hungarian best: sweet, slightly sour, medium-sized fruit
  • True apricot: very aromatic and large fruits
  • Dwarf column gold fire: sweet, juicy, small fruits (dwarf fruit trees)

Apricot - apricot - Prunus armeniaca

The varieties listed above are basically suitable for cultivation under the climatic conditions that prevail for the most part with us. However, they differ enormously in terms of susceptibility to diseases and pests, their sensitivity to cold and their yield. If you really want to be on the safe side, the following varieties are especially recommended:
  • Compacta, which has a compact, rather weak growth, but is resistant to frost
  • Gold Rich (also known as Goldrich): extremely easy-care, robust, resistant to almost all diseases that may affect apricot trees, frost hardy, late harvest
  • Hargrand, also very resistant, insensitive, high yield
  • Harlayne, robust and above all very productive
  • Kuresia, also very robust, frost hardy and the only variety resistant to the Scharka disease
  • Kyoto, very frost hardy, with a very strong growth
  • Luizet: sturdy, durable, copes well with rather harsh climatic conditions
As a hobby gardener you can not go wrong with these three varieties. Last but not least, they are characterized by the fact that they prove to be extremely robust to diseases.It is important to understand that apricot trees are generally very vulnerable to bacteria, viruses and fungi. These usually invade the plant via injuries to the tree. Therefore, in addition to a protected location in principle, a careful, prudent tree pruning advised.

Dwarf fruit trees

Of course, what applies to conventional apricot trees also applies to dwarf fruit trees or columnar apricots. The location and the planting substrate also have to be right in the popular mini version. Who wants to cultivate the trees in a planter, should also make sure that this has a volume of at least 30 liters. In addition, watering must never result in waterlogging. Among the dwarf fruit trees, especially these two types of apricots are recommended:
  • Gold Rich as a dwarf fruit tree with similar characteristics as the big brother
  • Golden Sun as a pillar apricot, whose fruits should only be consumed fresh or processed immediately
  • Rosina, which is perfect for cultivation in the tub or the planter
Dwarf fruit trees need much more attention and care than conventional fruit trees. In addition to constant watering, fertilization plays a major role. Fertilization should be exclusively with compost. On the other hand, work is saved when pruning. The falls in pea fruit trees namely significantly lower. Of course, one should be aware that the yield is limited in these little things. The fruits are often much sweeter and more aromatic. And to avoid misunderstandings: Dwarf fruit trees can be cultivated on the terrace or on the balcony, but are not suitable as indoor plants.
Apricot trees have long been regarded as extremely mimosa. The reasons for this were on the one hand their high susceptibility to diseases and on the other hand their sensitivity in cold temperatures. Especially extremely low temperatures were able to kill many varieties very quickly. To a certain extent, fortunately, that has changed. With frost hardy varieties, as mentioned above, even the dreaded late frosts in the spring are no longer a major problem. It is important, however, that these special varieties have a fundamentally warm, sunny location. Even though they can withstand one or two frosty nights, they still need higher temperatures to really thrive and have a rich harvest. The sun also plays a major role in the aroma and sweetness of the fruits. If you want to plant an apricot tree in your garden, you should definitely focus on a frost hardy, robust variety and the right location.


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