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Under the name Areca palm (Areca lutescens) the gold fruit palm or gold leaf palm is known, although that is not true. Areca palm is the old name that is unfortunately still used in the sale of palm trees. It is one of the most popular room palms.
It is a feathered palm, native to Madagascar and Comoros. Dypsis lutescens often forms several strains, giving the appearance of a small group of palms. Here, the Areca palm is mainly cultivated as a palm tree, often in hydroponics. However, she must have been pulled in Hydro from the start. Later you can not change the palm. In nature, the palm is up to 10 meters high, in the planter it remains much smaller.
LocationThe Dypsis does not like direct sunlight. It prefers the partial shade, but needs a lot of light. In direct sunlight there is a discoloration of the leaves to golden yellow, from which it also has its name.
plant substrateThe Areca palm, better said the gold leaf palm, prefers a permeable and slightly acid soil. A mixture based on compost is ideal. A drainage layer on the bottom of the pot is useful to protect the roots from stagnant water and to ensure that superfluous irrigation water can drain well. Young plants should be repotted annually, older only every 3 to 4 years.
maintenanceThe water requirement of Dypsis lutescens is high. You can dive them from time to time in a larger vessel full of water, so that the bale can suck properly. Lasting wetness does not like the plant. Constantly wet feet lead to rotten and death of the roots. For casting, lime-free water should be used, as with the other palm trees. Palm trees do not like calcareous water. Many get involved. Ball dryness is not tolerated. This leads to the quick drying of the leaves.
As a rule, the seeds were planted too densely for the gold fruit palm. As a result, numerous surplus seedlings atrophy. That comes from the fight for suppression in the bucket. These cowlets can be removed. Over the years, the remaining palm trees develop into magnificent plants.
FertilizeIn the main growing season, the palm should be supplied with fertilizer every 14 days. One uses a normal liquid or a special Palmendünger.
overwinterDuring wintering the temperature should not be permanently lower than 15 ºC. Pay attention to a uniformly high humidity. Regular spraying or showering does the plants well, increases the humidity and thus contributes that no pests, such as spider mites spread.
to buyThe gold fruit palm is usually offered reasonably priced. A plant that is about 30 to 40 cm tall is sometimes available for 5 euros. Hydroponically grown plants are more expensive.
Care TipsThe Areca palm loves a warm, but partially shaded location. In summer, it requires temperatures between 23 and 29 degrees Celsius for vigorous growth. Even in winter, the temperatures should not fall below 18 degrees Celsius. Temperatures around 22-24 degrees Celsius are better. Accordingly high is the need for humidity and water. The root ball should always be moist - but not wet - waterlogging should be avoided. In the growth phase - ie between March and October - you should spray the plant generously several times a day with stale, low-limp water.
In winter, you should make sure that the humidity is increased by a humidifier. The dry heating air is not well tolerated by Chrysalidocarpus lutescens. The fronds are good dust collectors, so you should wipe them off with a damp cloth. A short cool shower is also welcome. The substrate is high-quality unit earth. Due to the high water requirement, the amount of nutrients in the Areca palm also increases. Therefore, the plant is fertilized from March to the end of August with a good liquid fertilizer (for indoor plants) once a week. In spring, at the beginning of the growth phase is repotted. Young plants need fresh substrate every year, in older plants the root control is sufficient. If the root grows down through the pot, it is time to repot the plant.
Propagation is by seed - somewhat difficult - or - easier and more successful - by cutting off sprouts. When propagating through sprouts you should always put together several shoots, then the plant looks fuller and more decorative. In general, the plant is considered to be robust and healthy. In case of too large temperature fluctuations, as well as too dry air, however, pests can nest. Worms and mealybugs, spider mites and white flies are among the pests that can attack the palm. With commercial pesticides, however, these are easy to combat.Under optimal conditions and with suitable care, however, it is unlikely that the plant will suffer greatly from pest infestation. Due to the love of moisture Chrysalidocarpus lutescens is ideal as a hydroponic plant.