Clove, Armeria - varieties, care and information on hardiness / toxicity

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Clove - Armeria

The creative gardening art is not without floral treasures, which, despite the lean, sandy and dry soil, cover the bed in full sun with a carpet of flowers. In this respect, the grassland has acquired cult status for the colorful greening of rockeries, rocky steppes, dry stone walls and heathland. As a reliable border plant for tombs without shading, the summerly flowering plants have made a name for themselves. Get to know a selection of the most beautiful Armeria varieties here. A practice-proven care instructions explains how to skilfully care for the small perennial. Well-founded information on winter hardiness and toxicity leave no questions unanswered.

Beautiful and proven varieties

Among the more than 50 Armeria species, the beach carnation (Armeria maritima) and the alpine camomile (Armeria alpina) as well as their subspecies were the mainstays of some of the most beautiful varieties. The following selection introduces you to successful hybrids for beds and tubs:

Dusseldorf pride

The premium variety delights with countless, violet-red flower heads whose radiance unfolds an unmistakable long-range effect. From late spring to far into summer, the pretty perennial adorns the pebble bed, the heath garden or as an enclosure plant in the farm garden.
  • Growth height: 10 to 20 cm
  • Flowering time: May of July


Their purplish pink flowers live up to their name. The globular heads attract attention in all sunny and dry locations without stealing the Leitstauden the show. In small tuffs with 3 to 5 specimens, this variety is particularly good. Since she thrives a bit higher than other varieties, she likes to be a solitaire in the small front garden.
  • Growth height: 15 to 25 cm
  • Flowering period: May to July


The white-flowering beach carnation is everywhere with dense flower carpets to the place, where it is dry, meager and sunny. The perennial is perfect for gardens near the coast, as salty air does not detract from its beauty. Associated with the colorful flowers of 'Düsseldorfer Stolz' and 'Frühlingszauber' 'Alba' draws impressive garden pictures.
  • Growth height: 10 to 15 cm
  • Flowering period: May to July / August


With the delicate delicate pink flowers of this dwarf-carnation, floral grace finds its way into the summer garden. Filigree, strong green leaves underline the magic of the flowers and are preserved throughout the winter. Whether in the rock garden, on the drywall or in the shell in the cemetery; Everywhere is for the little summer beauty a place free, as long as it is in the sun.
  • Growth height: 5 to 10 cm
  • Flowering period: May to July


If the flowering carpet with bright red flower balls spreads out in the rock garden from May into the summer, the Vesuvian grassland varieties have gained a foothold here. Its upholstery-like growth qualifies the upright flower stalks make the plant the ideal groundcover for sunny, sandy-dry locations.
  • Growth height: 10 to 15 cm
  • Flowering period: May to August

Morning Star Deep Rose

If you do not want to wait until May, this early flowering strain is the right choice. While other grasslands are still in the starting blocks, this Armeria maritima already provides for floral happy moments in the bed and on the balcony.
  • Growth height: 15 cm
  • Flowering period: April to May
Tip: By combining early and later blooming varieties of flowering shrubs, the flowering time is extended by at least 4 weeks.

Morning Star White

The white-flowered counterpart to Deep Rose stages a contrasting look in the Spring Garden when you arrange both varieties in mixed tuffs of up to 10 pieces. With their simple flowers, the flowering shrubs are so early in the year at the same time a sought after food source for hard-working bees, bumblebees and butterflies.
  • Growth height: 15 cm
  • Flowering period: April to May

Care Instructions

Clove - Armeria

A flowering spring and summer garden is not associated with extensive and time-consuming care work thanks to the magnificent grasslands. If you follow the following measures, the decorative flower show repeats itself every year.


The sunnier the location, the more the weed enchants us with its graceful and fragrant play of colors. In half-shady or even shady locations she likes to let other garden perennials take precedence. Armeria have no objection to breezy to windy places, as the perennial cradle of many species stood near the coast. Their flower stems are so stable that they can not be harmed even by a strong gust of wind.

Soil and substrate

A sunny spot alone is not enough to satisfy the beach carnation. Only in combination with the adequate soil condition, the perennial shows from its most beautiful side. These quality features characterize the ideal soil:
  • Sandy-loamy and well-drained
  • Dry to slightly fresh
  • Ideally, with a pH between 5 and 7
  • In the pot and flower box a mix of peat soil and sand
Where the soil meets the requirements in sunny locations, you simply use aggregates to improve it. A clay-stressed soil is optimized with sand and fine grit. In the lime-rich soil with a pH value above 8, the addition of peat or peat soil ensures a balance.

Cultivation by sowing

A vital germ susceptibility of the seeds, coupled with rapid growth of the seedlings, allow easy cultivation behind glass. Theoretically, direct sowing from March / April is conceivable. However, this option is associated with a high risk of default, which is reduced in the protection of the windowsill. How to grow seeds from seeds yourself:
  • Fill a mix of coconut fiber substrate and sand into peat pots
  • Spread the fine seeds and press
  • Not or no more than 0.5 cm high übersieben with sand or substrate
  • Moisten with a fine shower of soft water
In the bright, not fully sunny window seat germination takes place under normal room temperatures between 2 and 3 weeks. Growing in peat pots has the advantage that you can plant the seedlings in the bed or pot without prior piking. If the planting takes place until autumn, you can look forward to the first flowers next spring.


Cloves can be planted throughout the growing season, unless the soil is frozen. The best planting time for the robust perennials is in the fall, which gives them a significant head start for growth next year. Soak the still potted roots in water while preparing the soil or substrate.
As a start fertilizer, add some compost and horn shavings to the soil. In the bed, a planting distance of 20 to 25 cm is recommended, which can be shortened in planters by 5 to 10 cm. Harmful waterlogging in the pot and balcony box is bypassed with a drainage of potsherds, grit or expanded clay. Regular watering in the first few days and weeks after planting ensures that the young Armeria quickly grow roots.

to water

The intervals at which you plant grasses depend on several factors. In the bed, experience shows that the natural rainfall covers the water requirement. During dry-hot summer days, water the flowers early in the morning or in the evening. The higher the mineral content in the soil, the more often there is a need for casting.
In buckets or balcony boxes, the high degree of evaporation in full sun is not to be underestimated. Check here every 1 to 2 days by finger test, if the soil has dried. Pour water directly from the can spout onto the root disc until the substrate is moistened at the bottom of the vessel. Until the next watering the earth should dry again tangibly.
Tip: To stabilize the beneficial acidic to neutral pH in the substrate, grasslands are primarily watered with rainwater or stale performance water.


If you are not regularly fertilized, you will not be surprised by the flowering grass. On the contrary, the frugal perennials favor a lean earth. On an organic start fertilization end of March / beginning of April in the form of compost with horn shavings the flowers react nevertheless positively with a lush bloom abundance. It is recommended to repeat the nutrient supply after the remonting pruning in summer.

Clove - Armeria

In pot culture, the use of liquid fertilizer keeps growth and flowering going. Between April and July, give every 4 weeks a mineral-organic or purely organic fertilizer in half concentration. Pouring with clear, soft water before and after optimizes nutrient uptake.

To cut

With a professional cut at the right time, grasslands preserve the well-groomed appearance and remount reliably. It does not cost a lot of effort and is rewarded with an extra long flowering time when you give the perennials this care measure:
  • Is the first flowering flora withered, pruning the flowering shrubs?
  • Shorten all stems until just before the first leaves
  • Do not leave the clippings to prevent pests and diseases
  • Fertilize bedding plants after composting with compost and horn shavings
Throughout the winter, the gray-green foliage adorns the garden until well into February. Only then will Armeria finally lose her beauty and be cut back close to the ground. This measure should be completed by the beginning of March so as not to affect the fresh shoot.


The propagation of grasslands is not limited to the sowing of seeds. Another option is the division, which is associated with a rejuvenation of the perennial. How to do it right:
  • Cut off the root ball all around with the spade in autumn
  • Lift the clove from the ground and place it on a stable surface
  • Part with a knife or spade into 2 or more segments
At least 2 sleeping eyes should have a section so that it expels again. Plant the rejuvenated grasslands in the sunny spot into the loose, compost-enriched soil. Squeeze the substrate with your hands and pour in soft water. Although beach carnations are dryness specialists, in this phase they want a constantly slightly damp soil until the roots have established themselves at the new location.


In nurseries and garden centers, grasses are labeled as perennials of the winter hardiness zone Z6. This classification implies that the plants can withstand frosty temperatures from -17.8 to -23.4 degrees Celsius. For locations in Central European gardens, Armeria can be safely described as hardy, with one important caveat. Wintergreen perennials of this classification still receive a slight winter protection in rough regions, as they are threatened by frost. Furthermore, young plants have yet to develop their hardiness. Therefore, the following precautions are recommended:
  • In the planting season before the onset of winter, cover the flowering season with a thick layer of leaves and brushwood
  • In winter-gray areas maintain this protection in the following years
  • Place planters on wood and wrap with fleece
Like all winter-green plants, flowering grasses continue to evaporate moisture over their leaves during the cold season. Where snow and rain are absent, please continue to pour soft water to prevent dryness of the ball.
Tip: Casting with potassium-rich comfrey in autumn enhances the winter hardiness of your grasslands. Potassium strengthens the cell walls and lowers the freezing point in cell water. A similar effect is achieved by patent kali, which is spread on the ground, incorporated and over-brewed with water.


Although the name Grasnelke suggests otherwise, the perennial is not a carnation. Rather, botanists assign all Armeria species to the plumbago plants (Plumbagniaceae). The beach carnation, also known as the common carnation, contains the substance Plumbagin, which was used in ancient times in folk medicine. So an extract of grasslands should alleviate epilepsy, water and obesity. Since there is no scientific evidence of efficacy, the active ingredient is now only in skin creams from time to time.

Clove - Armeria

Consequently, grasslands can be defined as non-toxic, so there is nothing against cultivating the family garden. Nevertheless, small children should be made aware that the spherical flowers and filigree leaves should not be eaten. Likewise, the clippings are not suitable as feed for rodents.
Real sunbathers for dry, meager soil are few and far between in the floral offer. The weed feels particularly at home in these locations and also has nothing to object to wind and salty air. To transform the bed and balcony with the frugal perennial into a summer sea of ​​flowers, there are a variety of varieties for a colorful design image available. Where the general conditions are right, the bar for the care program is at a low level. Watering with soft water in dry weather and organic fertilization in April and June will not make the novice sweat either. By cutting back the shrubs to the foliage after the first flowerbed, start a lush after-flowering. Despite a winter hardiness to - 23.4 degrees Celsius, receives the wintergreen carnation before the first frost a light winter protection, so that Kahlfrost receives no attack surface. Their graceful beauty may present Armeria in the family garden, as they contain no toxins.

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