Artichokes: Detect and combat diseases, pests and care mistakes


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Artichokes are not difficult to grow. It only gets complicated when it is caused by diseases and pests. But also care mistakes can damage the plants.

Artichokes are largely resistant to disease

The artichoke is a remarkable plant: attractive and attractively flowering, edible and extremely tasty. Against diseases, the vegetable plant is largely resistant. But pests are already bothering her. Especially aphids, black bean lice, snails and voles. But also care mistakes can lead to your artichokes not doing so well.

Why does the artichoke not thrive properly?

care errors

❖ too little sun:

What at first glance looks like a plant disease is often just a nursing mistake. The artichoke grows miserable or gets yellow leaves when it gets too little sun. So that the artichoke can develop optimally, you are looking for a warm and sheltered place for them. Well suited is a location in front of a south facing house wall.

❖ too little water / waterlogging:

You also need to know that the artichoke needs a lot of water in the growth phase. Although in summer the plant can handle dry periods, it should not last too long. So pour the artichoke regularly. You can rely on tap water, because the plant is not sensitive to lime. To keep the water from jamming while keeping the substrate moisturizing, use a nutrient-rich compost-based soil mixed with some sand and gravel. For artichokes in the bucket drainage and a drain hole are also indispensable. Although the plant loves moisture, it must not form any waterlogging.

❖ too few nutrients:

So that the artichoke is not supplied with too few nutrients, it is favorable if you already prepare the soil for the next spring in the autumn: to thoroughly dig up the soil and enrich it with manure or compost. Then the nutrients can spread well in the soil.

The artichoke is a starvation and needs regular fertilizer. Ideal is an organic fertilizer that you use once or twice a month from spring to autumn. For this liquid vegetable fertilizer, manure, compost, plant manure or pond water is suitable. If the flowering fails, the plant will either need more fertilizer or it will be too old. After three to five years, the plant is used up. Move new plants to a different location or replace the earth to a large extent.

frost damage

The artichoke is perennial and hardy, but still needs a good antifreeze. Cut the aboveground shoots down to a few centimeters in autumn. Incidentally, that's the only cut you have to make. Then cover the artichoke. It is best to use compost, leaves, straw, brushwood or manure. You can also mix the materials and distribute them up to 30 centimeters high above the plant.

In the spring you have to remove the winter protection then again. It may quietly leave some parts lie, which then serve as the first fertilizer. Artichokes in the tub should be kept in a frost-free, dark and cool room. Reading tip: Overwhelm artichokes: How to get your plants through the cold season

pest infestation

❖ Aphids and black bean lice:

Aphids sit on and under the leaves as well as on the stems. Forgotten, flabby leaves are a sure sign of aphids. The black bean louse is very aggressive and also eats the leaves. It also leaves black marks. Furthermore, it tends to a massive distribution, so that on the plant veritable colonies form. To remove the parasites, thoroughly shower the plant with the hose. In addition, spraying helps with nettle (for this recipe here) or garlic (recipe here). Ladybugs, lacewings and parasitic wasps are also highly effective as natural enemies. Chemicals are only suitable if you do not want to eat the flowers.

❖ Snails:

Against snails there are various measures. You can pick up a few snails regularly. In case of increased infestation, worm fences made of copper around the plants, thick scattered sawdust at some distance from the root, planting in the raised bed or, if necessary, slug pellets help.

❖ voles:

Voles love the roots of artichoke. To avoid them being eaten, you should dig a wire mesh deep under the bed. Ultrasound machines are a modern alternative.

Video Board: 12 Food Rules You Must Follow to Be Healthy.

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