Watering and fertilizing artichokes - Important information on time, quantity and technique


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Artichokes are small eye-catchers in the garden with their large flower heads. To make them look like them, you just have to pour and fertilize them properly.

Artichokes need a lot of water

Artichokes (Cynara scolymus) have a great need for water and nutrients. Especially at the beginning, the thistle-like plants need a lot of water. In addition, artichokes are starvationers. So you need a lot of nutrients right from the beginning. All that is left is the question: when are the plants best watered? Which casting technique should you use? And which fertilizer gets the artichoke good?

Always pour artichokes abundantly

Artichokes need large amounts of water. This is especially true in the growing phase and during the heat in the summer months. The root area of ​​artichokes should always be slightly damp. The plant tolerates only when the surface of the soil dries out a bit. So rather water more often and for less than rarely and in large quantities.

Although the artichokes require a lot of water, they are sensitive to waterlogging, which can cause root rot. Therefore always make sure that there are no stagnant pools after casting. The actual amount of water depends primarily on the soil in which the artichokes are rooted. In well-watered soil with high clay content, the demand is significantly lower than, for example, in loose, permeable garden soil.

Pour rhizome or sprinkle artichokes?

The best time to water your artichokes is in the mornings and evenings. If you water in the morning in sunny weather, it makes no difference whether you spray the plants over a large area or specifically supply the rhizomes with water. Moisture that has settled on the leaves evaporates within a few hours. When watering in the evening, however, you should always administer the water near the ground. Because water, which remains at night on the leaves, favors the settlement of fungi and other pathogens.

Pour with tap water or rainwater?

Artichokes have no problem with lime, so you can use tap and rain water for pouring. If the plants stand on a rather acidic soil, the tap water is even to be preferred, because the contained lime or calcium carbonate has a neutralizing effect.

Fertilize artichokes regularly

Artichokes are among the heavyweights that are characterized by a high nutritional requirement. So you have to fertilize the plants from the beginning of the growing season to the harvest periodically. Use a commercially available vegetable fertilizer, which is added to the irrigation water every four to five weeks according to the manufacturer's dosage recommendations. In addition, you can enrich the soil even before planting the artichokes with nutrient-rich substrate such as mature compost.

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