Arugula, Salad Rauke

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The Real Salad Rauke (Eruca sativa) is also known in Germany, especially under its Italian name Rucola. It comes from the family of the cruciferous plants (Brassicaceae), has coarse pinnate leaves and is cultivated one year old. The rocket is originally from the Mediterranean and was already a popular medicinal and aromatic plant by the Romans. It grows ten to fifty inches high and has hairy leaves that resemble those of radishes. As a fresh salad or on the pizza, rocket is very popular.
Above all, the young leaves of the plant are used for this because the older ones with their sharpness are more suitable for seasoning. Mustard oil glycosides are responsible for their characteristic nutty-spicy taste. The rocket is rich in folic acid, vitamin B as well as the minerals potassium and calcium. As a fast-growing and easy-care plant, it is also good for culture in containers on the balcony or in the greenhouse.

Location and ground

The lettuce plant finds ideal conditions on humus-rich, sandy-loamy soils in warm, sunny to partially shaded flowerbeds.

Sowing and planting

In the field, you can sow the rocket continuously from May to September as needed. The row spacing should be 15 to 20 centimeters, the sowing depth one to 1.5 centimeters. Rake around two liters of sieved mature compost per square meter flat in the soil during bed preparation. You can also sow rocket in pots in March in the greenhouse or on the windowsill. The seeds germinate already at ten degrees. At a temperature of 20 degrees, the first harvest is possible six weeks later.

Arugula seedlings

Sowing on the windowsill is possible from March

Crop rotation and mixed culture

As a cruciferous plant, rocket should not be sown on beds on which cabbage plants used to stand. Because of the short cultivation time and the small space requirement, the rocket is usually a gap filler and can be placed, for example, in individual rows between carrots, onions and other slowly growing vegetables.


The Rauke needs sufficient water, because the leaves will soon become too sharp. In addition, the soil must be regularly chopped and kept free of weeds. An additional fertilization is not necessary, as it is a weak drinker in the rocket. If you grow them later in the year for other starvation or middle-earers, you can do without composting before sowing.


Arugula is ready for harvest after four to six weeks, when the leaves are about ten to fifteen inches long. Cut the leaves about three centimeters above the ground and prepare them as fresh as possible. Wrapped in a damp cloth, they stay in the fridge for two days. Tip: In warm dishes, especially on flatbread or pizza, the rocket leaves taste best if they are added just before serving, because with prolonged heating, the flavor-giving essential oils can evaporate. In addition, rocket can be processed into pesto.

Rauke salad with pine nuts and dandelion flowers

Rauke salad tastes especially good with pine nuts and dandelion flowers


After rosetting, rocket leaves quickly flowering to form seeds. The seeds are easy to harvest for sowing next year: Let some plants flower and later cut off the dry, brown seeds. You let it dry and then it dries out. The dry seeds are stored in a glass or paper bag in a dark, cool and dry place until sowing next year. Arugula is also easy to roam in the garden.


There are hardly any differences in the salad rocket varieties. 'Ruca' is fast growing and has a nutty taste like cress. 'Skyrocket' does not shoot as fast as most other breeds.

Diseases and pests

Rucola is a robust crop. In the greenhouse it can come to an infestation with downy mildew. To prevent it, you should air the greenhouse regularly, especially in summer. Against earth fleas, it helps to avoid neighboring crops from the cruciferous family and to water the plants from time to time.

Video Board: gora rauke.

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