Astilbe, feathering - care, cutting and wintering

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Astilbe, feathering - care, cutting and wintering: care

There are many different varieties and species of Astilbe (superb), here you will learn everything that is good to know and must be observed.

The small ABC of the pier

Art / FamilyShrub. Belongs to the family of Saxifragaceae
maintenance effortLow. Robust, adaptable and easy to clean
heydayDepending on the variety June to September with upright, feathery flower candles consisting of many small flowers in white, pink, red, purple or carmine on wiry upright stems, which are only slightly leafy. They turn brown in the fall and are also an ornament in winter
foliageHand-shaped, oblong, forward-pointed, serrated, fern-like, dark green leaves, partially covered with bronze. Drive late
growthUpright bushy and horny growth, some species also rather ground covering. Beautiful reddish to glowing budding shoot
Height / widthDepending on the type and variety 20 to 200cm high and 30 to 90cm wide
Partly shady to shady cool, with moist soil, sun is tolerated, but no great heat. Nutrient-rich, moist, loamy (loam binds moisture and nutrients, therefore ideal), cool soil. Happy in the swamp bed
planting timeSpring or autumn. Planting distance 40cm, dwarf varieties 20-25cm
cutClose to the ground in spring
Anemone, Fern, Funkie, Bellflower, Rhododendron, Silver Candle, Ornamental Grasses. Fits other plants with natural charm. Nice in groups. Pastel-colored flowers are especially good in the presence of dark shrubs
Can be seeded in spring (but then no variety purity is given). Division of the rootstock in winter (see also below propagation)
In April, apply compost, organic or long-term fertilizer. Water in case of dryness, do not allow the soil to dry out. Use rainwater as it is sensitive to limescale. Especially in early summer watering abundantly, then they bloom particularly lush
Hardy. Does not tolerate waterlogging in winter and should be protected in rough areas with brushwood. Do not completely cover with leaves or mulch, as the plant underneath quickly rots. Container plants can be overwintered with protection outdoors or frost-free, light or dark
  • Leaves roll in. Mostly a sign of extreme dryness or heat
  • Taking care of flat-rooting trees and shrubs for lack of water
  • Does not like lime


  • The wild form of the astilbe is called a superbard and comes from Japan
  • Especially in East Asia is still wild growing in wet forests, especially on streams to find. Two species are native to the eastern US
  • Decorative and durable cut flower. Only cut when the lower third of the panicles is opened, otherwise not long lasting. As flower stalks are hardly leafy, vase cut does not weaken the plant. If the stem ends are crushed a bit, they last longer
  • Share perennials approx. Every 3-4 years (during flowering laziness) whereby old, woody rhizomes are no longer planted
  • Snails keep their distance from astilbe
  • Belongs in every cottage garden and in discounts with wild perennials
  • Can also be cultivated well in the bucket
  • Useful insects pasture

Species (selection)

China Astilbe (Astilbe chinensis)
Height 50-80cm Blooms from July to September. Requires partial shade, cool location, can not cope with full sun. Is native to China, Korea and eastern Siberia
Garden Astilbe (Astilbe x arendsii) / Arends
Best known and most popular species, with the greatest diversity of varieties. Also called Arend's Booby. Height 60-120cm, width 40-75cm. Blooms from July to September in red, pink or white. Preferably clear shade under trees, but tolerates a little more sun than the other Astilbenarten. Fits very well with the Eisenhut, Elfenblume and Fern. Hybrids, which originated from the Asian species, large pops, Japan Astilbe, Astilbe astilboides and Astilbe davidii. Was named after the German gardener Georg Arends (1863-1952), who bred many varieties. Actually, only the garden-Astilbe is called a grand pinnacle, but it is now common to say to all Astilbenarten also superb

Grand Prix - Astilbe

Great Puffin (Astilbe thunbergii)
Height 80-120cm. Blooms from July to August with loose flower spikes in pink or white
Japan Astilbe (Astilbe japonica)
Forest perennial. Height 40-50cm. Flowers earlier than the other species, from June to July. Likes half shady location. In high humidity as at the edge of the pond sun is tolerated
Carpet Astilbe (Astilbe chinensis var. Pumila) / Zwergastilbe
Also called dwarf syllable. Dwarf form of the China Astilbe. Height 20-35cm, 90cm wide.Blooms from August to September with strikingly narrow flower candles in purple, red, pink or pink. Forms flat, dense carpets through creeping rhizome and foothills, but does not proliferate. Requires moist soil in partial shade, directly on the edge of the pond also sunny. Tolerates dryness better than the other species
(Astilbe chinensis var. Davidii, Syn. Astilbe davidii)
Height 180-200cm, without flowers about 150cm. Flowers with slender panicles set with very tight-fitting flowers. Young leaves are bronze-plated
(Astilbe chinensis var. Taquetti)
Wild form. Height 100cm. Flowers in lavender to pink
(Astilbe simplicifolia)
Height 30-50cm. Daintier and smaller than most other species. The flower panicles are slightly arched overhanging. Blooms in July in white, pink or red. Comes from Japan

Varieties (selection)

  • Amethyst: Garden Astilbe. Height 80-100cm. Blooms from June to July in pale purpl purple to pink
  • Anita Pfeiffer: Garden Astilbe. Height 70cm. Flowers from July to August in salmon pink
  • Aphrodite: Astilbe simplicifolia. Height 40-50cm. Blooms in July in bright red. Very nice variety with green leaves in bronze
  • Atrorosea: Astilbe simplicifolia. Height 40-50cm. Blooms in dark pink in July
  • August lights: Garden Astilbe. Height 60cm. Blooms from August to September in red
  • Rock crystal: Garden Astilbe. Height 100cm. Blooms from July to August in white
  • BetsyCuperus: Astilbe thunbergii. Height 80-100cm. Blooms from July to August in light pink with slightly curved overhanging flower spikes
  • Bridal Veil: Garden Astilbe. Height 60-70cm. Blooms from June to August in cream to snow white
  • Bremen: Japan Astilbe. Height 60cm. Flowers from June to July in dark pink
  • Bressingham Beauty: Garden Astilbe. Height 120cm. Flowers in bright pink from July to August
  • Cattleya: Garden Astilbe. Height 100-120cm. Beautifully pink to purple-pink (cattleyenrosa, hence the name) flowers from August to September
  • Germany: Japan Astilbe. Height 40-50cm, 30cm wide. Blooms from June to July in pure white over dark green foliage
  • Dark salmon: Astilbe simplicifolia. Height 30cm. Blooms in salmon pink in July. Beautiful bronze breathed foliage
  • Else swallow: Garden Astilbe. Height 70cm. Flowers in crimson from July to August
  • Erica: Garden Astilbe. Height 45cm, 30cm wide. Flowers in midsummer in pink-red. Fallen by green foliage, which is covered in bronze
  • Europe: Japan Astilbe. Height 56-60cm. Flowers in pale, often slightly washed out pink. Low-maintenance variety, which can also be kept well in the bucket
  • Fanal: Garden Astilbe. Height 60cm, 50cm wide. Impressed with durable, bright garnet-red inflorescences from June to July over dark green foliage. Is in contrast to most other varieties also dry compatible
  • Fire: Garden Astilbe. Height 80cm. Blooms from August to September in salmon red
  • Gloria: Garden Astilbe. Blooms from June to July in dark pink to violet-pink
  • Ember: Garden Astilbe. Height 80cm. Blooms from August to September in bright red
  • Garnet: Garden Astilbe. Height 60cm, 45cm wide. Flowers in deep summer in dark garnet red
  • Irrlicht: Garden Astilbe. Height 40cm. Blooms from June to July in white
  • Lilli Goos: Garden Astilbe. Height 80cm. Flowers in coral red from August to September
  • Mainz: Japan Astilbe. Height 50-60cm. Flower spikes in rich violet-pink from June to July
  • Moerheimii: Astilbe thunbergii. Height 80-100cm. Blooms from July to August in white
  • Seagull: Japan Astilbe. Height 50-60cm. Blooms from June to July in salmon pink
  • Montgomery: Japan Astilbe. Height 60-70cm, 75cm wide. Blooms in midsummer in dark red. Particularly striking is the particularly finely cut leaves, which are covered in bronze
  • Chief Gardener Jürgens: Garden Astilbe. Height 50cm. Flowers in crimson from June to July
  • Praecox Alba: Astilbe simplicifolia. Height 40-50cm. Blooms in white in July
  • Prof. van der Wielen: Astilbe thunbergii. Height 80-100cm. Blooms from July to August in white
  • Purple: height 60cm. Flowers from June to August in light purple-blue)
  • Red Sentinel: Japan Astilbe. Ruby flower spikes and purplish leaves
  • Rhineland: Garden Astilbe. Flowers in pink
  • Pink elf: height 60cm. Flowers from June to August in muted dark pink
  • Pink pearl: Garden Astilbe. Height 50cm. Beautifully delicate pink flowers that look like pearls
  • Rosea: Astilbe simplicifolia. Height 40cm. Flowers in bright pink in July
  • Red glow: height 60cm. Blooms in fiery red from June to August
  • Red light: Garden Astilbe. Height 70cm. Blooms from July to August in bright red
  • Serenade: Hybrid of the China Astilbe. Flowers with loosely planted flower spikes in pink
  • Spartan: Garden Astilbe. Height 60cm. Blooms from July to August in dark red
  • Spinel: Garden Astilbe. Height 80cm. Blooms in red from June to July
  • Sprite: Astilbe simplicifolia. Height 40-50cm. Blooms in pink-red in July
  • Ostrich feather: large, elegant pier. Height 80-100cm. Flowers from July to August in salmon pink with slightly arched overhanging shoots. Was bred in Germany
  • Superba: Astilbe chinensis var. Taquetti. Height 100cm. Flowers in purple pink
  • Venus: Garden Astilbe. Height 100cm, 45cm wide. Blooms in pale pink in early summer over contrasting bright green foliage
  • White Gloria: Garden Astilbe. Height 100cm. Flowers from August to September in white


Astilbe can be propagated by dividing the rhizome at the end of the winter in the resting phase.
For this, the plant is carefully dug and split with a sharp knife or spade. The roots that are damaged should be disinfected with charcoal powder or sulfur bloom (both available at the pharmacy) and then dried for a few hours. So they do not rot when inserting the plant
However, the propagation is simply not easy and often the plants go into it.

Video Board: Pruning a Karl Foerster Grass to promote the best spring growth.

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