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The auricle is a special primrose for the rock garden. The predecessors of the old garden plant were probably cultivated in the Alpine region in the early Middle Ages. The origin is a naturally occurring cross between the yellow Alpine Auricle (Primula auricula) and the pink flowering Hairy Primrose (Primula hirsuta). Called Auricula ursi II in professional circles, this plant was found in a relatively small area near Innsbruck in a variety of different flower colors and attracted the attention of botanists and gardeners.
The Alpine Auricle (Primula auricula) is a parent of the Garden Auricle
With its fascinating variety of colors and its velvety, lightly floured petals, the Garden Auricle soon aroused the interest of the people who had the money and leisure to engage in collecting and breeding beautiful flowers: many nobles and rich merchants possessed great auriculi -Sammlungen. That is also the reason why the auricle was suddenly seen on many paintings. End of the 18th century, when the tulip fever was slowly subsiding, the passion for collecting garden auracies reached its peak. High prices were paid for plants with exceptional multicolored flowers. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Grand Duke Karl August of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach alone owned a collection of around 400 auric species.
Hairy primrose (Primula hirsuta) - the second parent of the auricle
Unlike the tulip, the auricles have been quite quiet over the past century - but more recently, they have experienced a minor renaissance: well-known perennial gardeners and growers such as the stone garden plant specialist Jürgen Peters from Uetersen and Werner Hoffmann from Steinfurt ensure that that the already immense variety of varieties grows continuously. It is even possible to re-breed special varieties with striped flowers. They were already extinct and only preserved as paintings on old porcelain plates.
In their location and soil claims, all Aurikeln are more or less similar: They need a bright location without direct midday sun and a neutral to slightly calcareous soil, which must be very permeable. Waterlogging does not tolerate auricles like most alpine plants. The heyday of the small, usually only 15-20 cm high rock garden flowers is April-May.
Auricle collectors usually cultivate the moisture-sensitive flowers in pots with a diameter of ten to twelve centimeters, because this is the only way to control the moisture intake. The pots should be very deep so that the taproot of the plants can develop well. At the end of October, it is best to place the pots under a canopy to protect them from rain. The casting can be almost completely stopped at low temperatures. A frozen pot ball is not a problem as long as the soil is dry, because the alpine plants are used to extreme cold.
Transplanted or transplanted and shared auricles are best in September / October. If the leaf rosette is already far above the ground, you should plant the plant deeper accordingly. Your nutrients get the frugal plants exclusively from the garden soil, so you should not fertilize Aurikeln and not provide with compost. If necessary, a low-dose orchid fertilizer can be used to stimulate growth in May after flowering.
In the following picture gallery we show you a small selection from the huge Aurikel assortment.
Start photo gallery
Colorful Auricle Variety (20)
'Queen of the Night'