Autumn Anemones


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origin

The autumn anemones are part of the genus of anemones (anemones), but it is not a single species, but a group of perennials. Like all anemones, they are also roan footworms (Ranunculacea). More than a hundred years ago, only the wild species of the anemones hupehensis, A. tomentosa and A. japonica, which belong to the autumn anemones, were available in the nurseries. Today, many new varieties have been created by crossing the three game species.

Appearance and growth

When the first autumn anemones from distant Japan and China were brought to Europe in the 19th century, the triumphal march of a robust and easy-care shrub began, which is today almost indispensable in the late summer and autumn garden. Because when many other perennials are slowly fading in the bed, the delicate beauty with its filigree blossoms makes its grand entrance. Early blooming varieties open their buds in July, while the later ones do not start until September, but then bring color to the garden until October. Autumn anemones bloom from simple to filled, from pure white to pale pink to rich pink and crimson red. Among the oldest and most proven varieties are the white flowering, half-filled 'Honorine Jobert' and the simple, pink 'Robustissima'. Depending on the type and variety, they will be between 60 and 160 centimeters tall. The foliage is pinnate three-piece and slightly hairy.

Japanese autumn anemone white

Japanese autumn anemone

Location and ground

All species of autumn anemone thrive best in the sun or in the light shade. Another important factor in choosing the right planting place is that the sun does not come exclusively from one side, because the plant, especially the flowers, grows only in that direction. In general, the brighter the location, the more vigorous and flowering are anemones and the more moist it is, the more sun tolerate the plants.

Pink and pink varieties are more modest than white. For the anemones to be well cared for, the soil must be rich in humus and nutrients. The soil should be kept moderately moist, especially in the summer, because anemones tolerate neither dryness nor waterlogging.

use

Autumn anemones blend well with other perennials - there are no limits. Dream couples are created in particular with high-contrast bed partners. The bright white autumn anemone, for example, combines well with the bright red foliage of the azalea. A fine flower-rich network forms the Patagonian Vervain (Verbena bonariensis), which winds its flowers and stems around the anemone.

tip: Make sure that the planting partners have different flowering times. This ensures that the flowers begin to bloom in spring and that the bed radiates permanently in different colors until late autumn.

Autumn anemones and fat hens

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Autumn Anemones: anemones

Autumn Anemones: flowers

Autumn Anemones: flowers

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Autumn anemone with planting partner (5)

Autumn Anemones: anemones

Fuchsia autumn anemones in mixed discounts with grease hens (Sedum) - a great fall bed

Autumn Anemones: anemones

Strong colors create strong contrasts: The combination of the sun hat (Rudbeckia) and pink autumn anemones produces a bright bed of long-distance effect

Autumn Anemones: autumn

In addition to contrasting autumnal beds, harmonious color combinations also have a great effect. For example, the Japanese autumn anemone can be well planted with a red-leaved willow shrub (Cotinus coggygria)

Autumn Anemones: flowers

A colorful perennial border can also be created with white autumn anemones in combination with various colored dahlias

Autumn Anemones: anemones

Pink autumn anemones go well with the rich red of the foxtail (amaranthus), also called amaranth

Autumn anemones and fat hens

Autumn anemone and sun hat

Autumn anemone and red-leaved wig

Autumn anemone and dahlias

Autumn anemone and foxtail

Planting and care

The best planting season for the late summer bloomer is in spring. Since the magnificent flowers sit on very thin stems and some varieties can grow up to 1.60 meters high, it is advisable to support the plants with a perennial ring. So the plant is not pressed down in the rain. Once properly grown, the autumn anemone is almost indestructible and spreads quickly over its long, thin roots in the bed. If you give her the necessary space, thanks the lovable perennial with a rich flowering.

Anemones are durable, but tend to spread over time. In order to reduce her size and at the same time to keep her offspring, she can be shared in spring. Thus, the plant has enough time over the summer to form new roots, and blooms again in the same year. This is how it works: Cut out the bales generously with the spade, divide, plant the parts again and water.

proliferation

As soon as the autumn anemones have withered, the perennials produce distinctive seed stalks, which, with their white fluffy tufts, can still be seen until well into late autumn. In the clumps are small black seeds that can be easily sowed. However, it may happen that the offspring then does not have the same characteristics as the mother plant. For those who want to preserve true-to-variety plants, they cut chunks from the long foothills in autumn. Simply uncover the roots, cut into three to five centimeters long pieces, stuck vertically, cover about two centimeters high with soil and watering.

winter protection

The native of Asia, the perennial is fully grown completely hardy, but by then it may take one to two years. Therefore, it should be protected in the first winters - especially in an autumn planting - with a blanket of brushwood or foliage.

Diseases and pests

Autumn anemones are nearly resistant to disease. However, infestation with aphids can cause the formation of runny pudding. You recognize this in the form of black-colored leaves. If you can not remove the aphids in time, the affected, black spotted autumn anemone leaves should be cut back. Mildew and nematodes can also occur occasionally. If the leaves turn yellow, this is not due to a pest or disease, but on an alkaline soil.

Autumn anemones are now available in a wide variety of shapes, colors and sizes. So that you do not lose track, the MEIN team would like to introduce you to four varieties that are particularly recommendable.

'Serenade' (Anemone tomentosa)

A vigorous autumn anemone that was bred in 1960 and can grow up to 1.5 meters tall. It is undemanding and thrives on sunny to partially shaded places on almost all soils. Its alto-pink flowers grow to be about six inches tall and have a beautiful, yellow stamen.

Autumn anemone 'Serenade'

Autumn anemone 'Serenade' (Anemone tomentosa)

'Pamina' (A. Japonica hybrid)

'Pamina' is a particularly rich-flowering autumn anemone. It produces bright, half-filled, dark pink flowers with rich yellow stamens. These are up to five inches tall. 'Panima' grows very compact and is between 60 and 90 centimeters high.

Autumn anemone 'Pamina'

Autumn anemone 'Pamina' (A. Japonica hybrid)

'Whirlwind' (A. Japonica hybrid)

The autumn anemone 'Whirlwind' is characterized by its propeller-like twisted, pure white flowers. These are about six inches tall and have up to 25 narrow, slightly rolled pentacles. The petals of the outer wreath are often colored greenish here. 'Whirlwind' reaches a height between 80 and 120 centimeters. The flowering period extends from the beginning of September until the end of October.

Autumn Anemone 'Whirlwind'

Autumn Anemone 'Whirlwind'

Praecox (A. hupehensis)

The autumn anemone 'Praecox' is a particularly early-flowering variety that already shows its flowers in July. It grows up to 80 centimeters high and was rated "excellent" because of its flowering joy in the stamen sighting. Their pink flowers reach a diameter of about six centimeters, usually forming five petals (rarely up to eight).

Autumn anemone 'Praecox'

Autumn anemone 'Praecox' (A. hupehensis)

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