The Content Of The Article:
- Origin and appearance
- to water
- To cut
- Diseases and pests
From an inconspicuous core, leaf by leaf an exotic green plant grows out. She listens to the name 'avocado'. There will be no fruit on it. It does not become a stately tree, as is customary in their home country. But it will be a graceful appearance. Do you have a core left? So help the avocado to slip out of its brown shell.
Origin and appearanceFar from the tropics she finds the way to us: the shriveled green avocado fruit. In their native South America, the evergreen avocado trees, with the simple elongated leaves, grow up to 20 meters high. At their branch tips develop yellow-green flowers that smell intense. Wild varieties grow there everywhere, but the avocado fruits we buy come only from the variety 'Persea americana'. It is rare to buy the avocado plant, so it likes to be pulled out of the brown kernels. In the room the avocado with about 2 m remains relatively small. Unfortunately, the plants grown from seeds almost never bear fruit, as even the best care does not help.
blossomAvocado trees grown in our latitudes bloom less frequently than their peers in the tropics, but it is not impossible. If you take good care of your little tree and give it a sheltered and sunny outdoor spot in the summer, it might reward you with yellow-green flowers. However, it will bloom at the earliest at the age of 2-4 years. If the male and female flowers bloom at the same time, you can try the pollination with a brush. With luck, it could work. Otherwise, fruit is extremely rare in this country. Regular pruning and now and then flower fertilizers stimulate flower formation.
1. Cut the green pulp in the middle. It does not matter if you cut in the longitudinal or transverse direction. Just be careful not to damage the core.
2. Grasp each avocado half with one hand.
3. Now turn the avocado halves in opposite directions.
4. The two halves separate and the brown core becomes visible. Take out the core.
5. Wash the core and then dry it with some kitchen paper.
6. The brown shell is prone to mold. Take it off now, if it can easily be detached. If necessary, this is also possible at a later date.The core is now ready for germination.
Tip: A ripe fruit can be recognized by a dark green, almost brownish skin. The flesh is soft and gives in slightly at finger pressure. Sections on the surface do not hinder germination, but can mold later.
Germination timeThe ideal season for own experiments with the brown avocado core is the late winter. Then there is the best chance of success. For the avocado core needs a long time to germinate. It may take several weeks or even a few months for some roots and leaves to form from the core. Then spring is already here and gives the small plant with its sunbeams an extra dose of light and warmth. With this good timing, the avocado can develop optimally.
Germination in waterOne of the methods often recommended for germination of avocado is direct germination in water. You need:
- an avocado heart
- a glass
- three toothpicks
Your avocado plant is quite modest and flexible when it comes to the composition of the substrate. The following mixes were good experiences:
- normal potting soil
- Potting soil and some clay content
- 1: 1 mixture of sand and potting soil
- Special soil for palm trees or citrus trees
to waterIn summer the Persea needs a lot of water. Keep the soil moist without causing waterlogging. Sprinkle the plant daily, preferably several times, with lukewarm water. High humidity is important, otherwise the plant orPests are spreading. In winter, the watering must be significantly reduced. Only little water is needed to prevent the avocado from dropping its leaves. In winter, you may also let the root ball dry and then pour again.
FertilizeVery young plants do not need fertilizer. You get all the needed nutrients directly from the nucleus. Only after about 6 months you can slowly get used to the young plant fertilizer. About every 14 days, add some liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water. Use only a quarter of the usual amount of fertilizer. Older plants need more fertilizer, but less often. A rhythm of four to six weeks from March to early September is sufficient. There are the following fertilizers in question:
- Fertilizer for citrus
- Fertilizer for green plants
- Universal fertilizer
- Potted plants fertilizer
Also, wrap the avocado every spring. Replace the earth completely.
To cutIn fact, an avocado tree does not have to be cut. However, it should still be cut regularly so that it remains room-suited in terms of its size and develops a beautiful, branched growth.
- optimal time: end of the winter period
- combine with repot
- Tips with a clean and sharp secateurs
- Cut size can be set individually
- then sprinkle the avocado with lukewarm water
- Time: every spring
- replace old earth completely
- use loose and well drained soil
- the new pot should be bigger
Diseases and pestsDiseases and pests usually stay away with good care. If the tips of the leaves get dry, this could be a sign of lack of water or little fertilizer. Even a too sunny location near the window can cause sunburn. A too warm or dark location in winter is accompanied by loss of leaves.
Scale insects and spider mites occasionally occur. Mostly dry heating air is the cause. Take suitable measures and additionally check the current care. If care errors are present and are not turned off, the infestation can occur again and again and permanently weaken the plant. Occasionally bake the plant, this prevents it from bending.
overwinterIt would be ideal if the avocado plant can enjoy the same amount of light, heat and humidity throughout the year. If you have a light room or a conservatory, you can warm the avocado tree warm. Otherwise, the avocado in our latitudes must take a small break in winter growth. He needs a temperature drop during this time. The cool place may be at 10 to 15 degrees room temperature. However, it should continue to provide plenty of light and, if possible, high humidity.
If you do not have a suitable winter quarters, that's not a big deal. The avocado tree can also stay in a heated room throughout. However, if he does not have the light, he can discard some leaves. In the spring he drives out again. In winter, the avocado tree needs less water and less fertilizer. The watering also depends on how warm it is at the winter location. Therefore, pour as needed. In winter, the soil may dry out between two waterings.