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It is not easy but not impossible to plant and harvest avocados here as well. Tips for rearing and care here.
The avocado, which originally came from Mexico, has meanwhile also established itself with us and is used not only in the kitchen, but also increasingly in the cosmetics industry.
The most well-known avocado recipe is the "Guacomole", an avocado cream, which is preferably served as a spread (dip), or to meat dishes.
However, in our latitudes, it is very difficult (too short vegetation periods) to let the avocado fruits ripen enough for them to be finally consumed. In addition, avocados are also not self-pollinating!
Avocado trees like to be warm and humid, which makes them ideal for sunny conservatories or light-flooded greenhouses. In our area, avocados will therefore be kept predominantly as potted plants.
Of course, on hot sunny days, the avocado tree can also be brought outdoors. Where he can even stay at night temperatures of up to about 5° C.
However, it should be noted that in nature, avocado trees can reach a height of up to 20 m, which is why they have to be repotted regularly (as soon as the root ball is rooted) and cut back.
Avocados prefer a clayey, sandy soil. Therefore, in the tubs either substrate, or a specially mixed potting soil should be used.
Of course, conventional potting soil mixed with sand can also be used for this - usually at low cost.
This evergreen plant needs only a little to be watered, but it is allowed to dry out temporarily for a short while - especially during winter time. After approx. 10 years, a first flowering phase is expected.
However, if the avocado plant is kept moderately moist, not wet during the annual growth phase and fruiting, it will develop even more beautifully.
Furthermore, avocados should be fertilized regularly with a liquid fertilizer - about once a month. During the autumn and in the winter fertilization should be avoided in principle - vegetation break.
Of course, the avocado can also be grown itself. This requires the core of a very fresh, very ripe fruit, which should be thoroughly washed (gently remove the pulp), before it is put into sprouting soil for germination.
The core should not disappear completely in the earth, but with the top up about 2/3 out of the earth. Irrigate regularly with a sprayer - do not wet!
It is also good if the cultivation pot is covered with a transparent foil during germination (alternatively use a glass plate), so that an increased humidity is kept in it. For moistening this film should only be raised briefly.
The germination time of the avocado is on average between 4 to 6 weeks (temperature dependent, sometimes longer) and should be done in a warm location - eg. B. at a south window without direct sunlight, but at least 21° C room temperature and more!
During germination, the core then shatters in most cases even in two parts, which is why the self-cultivation of the avocado designed so exciting!