Cutting azalea - it's that easy to cut back

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Cutting azalea - it's that easy to cut back: back

Azaleas are true flower manufacturers, whether their production site is in the garden bed or on the windowsill. Their flowers are so abundant in numbers that they could well supply other plants with it. The Zimmerazalee is also friendly in the choice of their flowering time. She regularly colors the drab, gray winter with her flowers. Do cutting measures interfere with their zeal?

Does the azalea need a cut?

Many hobby gardeners do not cut their azaleas at all. This is not due to lack of care or lack of time. They think a lot more that a cut is not necessary at all. No wonder, because this belief persists stubbornly and is often passed on as a recommendation from hobby gardener to hobby gardener. A small spark of truth, however, is also included. Of course, the azalea needs no cut. It grows even without a cut cheerfully. The cut serves the owner and admirer of the azalea, because it gives him plenty of flowers and a beautifully shaped plant. And an azalea is only an azalea if there are no leaves visible because of the flowers. So if you want to admire his azalea every year in magnificent garb, you should miss a suitable cut at the right time.

When is the time ready for a cut?

Azaleas, like rhododendrons, do not need a regular cut for good growth. Without cut the azalea does not enter, it continues to grow. But take your time and grab the pruning shears, then your azalea will thank you soon. A beautiful growth and a vigorous plant will follow afterwards. The right time to cut is immediately after flowering. Rejuvenation cut should be done in March.
Even if an azalea has become too large for its place and can not continue to develop unhindered, it must be brought back into a more compact form by cutting measures. Because unlike many other trees an azalea does not like a change of location. Instead of picking up a spade, scissors and saw must be picked up.

Remove withered flowers

small-pointed azalea - Rhododendron mucronulatum

Withered flowers of your azalea should be removed regularly. This care measure has a positive effect on the visual appearance of the azalea. On the other hand, it serves the promotion of flowers. The more diligent you remove the withered flowers, the more joy will bring you the future flowering.
  • The right time is during / after flowering
  • about mid to end of April
  • remove all dead plant parts in a timely manner
  • as a result, the azalea blooms even longer
  • In the next garden year, the flower is even more magnificent
  • new cut buds are formed on cut shoots

Prevent killing

If the azalea is fully satisfied with its location and care, it will provide abundant branches and branches. This growth can be so strong that the branches are close to each other. The numerous leaves form their own green roof. The uppermost layer gets plenty of light, while no rays of light penetrate the hidden parts of the plant. And without light, it is well known that not a single leaf grows. In order for this not to happen, the azalea must be lighted so that the light can reach all its parts unhindered.
  • optimal time is the end of the flowering phase
  • cut only a few days after flowering
  • but necessarily before new shoot
  • pay attention to a beautiful shape
  • it does not necessarily have to be cut every year
  • Cutting measures depend on requirements
  • every 3 to 4 years is usually sufficient
Not all azalea varieties tolerate cutting measures equally well. Find out exactly what strain your azalea is. Make the extent of the cutting measures necessarily according to the cut compatibility of the variety. Prefer to take less than too much.
Tip: Large cutting measures should be spread evenly over two years to keep the challenge for the plant smaller.

Illumination step by step

small-pointed azalea - Rhododendron mucronulatum

For the cutting of the branches, a rose scissors is very good. For thicker branches you need a saw. Both garden tools should always be used clean and sharpened.

1. First remove dead branches and twigs

2. Cut off any bent parts of the plant

3. Take away the branches growing inwards

4. Light up branches that intersect

5. Reduce annual growth. Cut to a small shoot, so-called small eye.

Note: The interfaces to new shoot should be at most 2 to 3 cm in diameter.

rejuvenation pruning

All those parts of the azalea that barely see the sun will gradually lose their leaves and shed. Even after regular clearings, this can not be completely prevented.Therefore, the azalea sometimes needs a radical cut. Even if the plant has become too powerful in growth and the available space bursts, a Rejuvenation cut can be applied. March is a good month for a radical cut. However, flowering will be canceled this year and will not restart until next spring.
  • all shoots are shortened
  • also cut thick branches
  • use clean and sharp scissors
  • For thick branches, a handsaw is suitable
  • do not cut with electric saw
  • Cut off 30 to 40 cm above the ground
  • always cut in right places
  • cutting above sleeping eyes
  • on old wood, sleeping eyes are only blurry thickenings
  • Eyes are no longer recognizable on very old wood
  • if no eyes recognizable, nevertheless "somewhere" cut
Healthy azaleas tolerate the rejuvenation cut and repel in the coming vegetation period. Older specimens run the risk of not surviving a radical cut.
Note: After re-emergence, remaining dry stubs must be sawed off to the top fresh shoot.

Cutting young plants

Azaleas that are still very young, and therefore not yet grown vigorously, may not be cut yet. However, they should also be regularly removed to make other buds. Only when the young plants have become significantly stronger, further cutting measures are useful. They serve primarily the education of the plant and provide a beautiful growth form. Proceed in the same way as with the fully grown specimens. For upgraded varieties you must not cut out the finishing point.

Cutting sick plants

Five-petalled azalea - Rhododendron quinquefolium

Sometimes azaleas can be hit by a fungal disease. As soon as you discover the disease, you should take courageous action. Cut away all affected parts of the plant so the disease can not progress. Use disinfected cutting tool and disinfect it again after use. Carefully pull out the diseased branches so that the fungus does not come into contact with healthy plant parts if possible. All diseased plant parts belong in the residual waste. Many mushrooms survive the decomposition process in the compost heap and can later spread further.

Care after the cut

When cut in spring, the pruned azalea expects many warm months before winter breaks. So they catch soon after the cut, hard to drive out new shoots. For this growth momentum they absolutely need enough nutrients and plenty of water. It is best to water the azalea immediately after pruning. Then never let the soil dry out completely. Give your regularly suitable fertilizer with the irrigation water until September.
By lightening, more sunbeams could now reach the root area, but this does not like it. The fine flat roots could burn through too much sun. Shadow this area with a layer of mulch just after cutting.

Cutting room azalea

Also a room azalea may be cut. If, over time, the azalea has grown too large, it may be restored to a decent shape with the secateurs. The scissors should only be used when the last flower has withered. That is probably the case at the end of February. Cut off about one-third of all shoots. Dead branches must be cut off completely. Then place the pot in a bright place so that the azalea gets enough light for the new shoot.
Also in Zimmerazaleen faded flowers should be removed in a timely manner.

Video Board: Pruning Azalea Bushes.

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