Build a balcony pond from an old wooden barrel - how it works!

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For larger barrels, the load capacity of the balcony is important. The filled vessels can become really heavy. Therefore, the load must be checked. Important for a wooden container is to line it with pond liner. When water hits wood directly, the natural material suffers and breaks down over time. Old wine or liquor barrels must first be filled with water for a few days at least once. Then they are emptied again and should be tight at the next filling. On the balcony, the risk would be too high. Lined is safer.
What you need for pond construction:

  • Wooden barrel, or half a wooden barrel
  • pond liner
  • decorative gravel
  • Bricks or paving stones in different sizes
  • plant baskets
  • plants
  • Decoration materials
All stones and gravel must be washed so that they do not contaminate and tarnish the water.
The location should be bright, like sunny. But blazing midday sun is not recommended, as it causes the water temperatures to rise too high and the algal bloom is so extremely promoted. With too little light, plant growth stagnates.
  • A lot of light
  • Sufficient sun, but no bright midday sun
  • Preferably a little half shady
  • Before planting and filling at its planned location
Tip: Wine barrels should not be directly on the ground. There should always be air under the ground. It is ideal on three to four bricks, on the flat sides or on a correspondingly large and stable planter scooter.
Create a wooden barrel as a pond - step by step instructions
If you have a complete wooden barrel, you have to share it first. This creates two possible containers that can be used for a pond. In any case, once everything has to be cleaned, both inside and outside, even if film comes inside. Then the wood should dry first. Even if the walls of the wooden barrel are waterproof, it is recommended to line them with foil. So you have more enjoyment of the balcony pond. In addition, you protect yourself so permanently against the leakage of water and saves trouble with neighbors.
  • 1. Line drum with pond liner
  • 2. Place the foil in the container and weigh it with stones on the bottom
  • 3. Slide the foil up the inside of the drum and let it hang over the edge. Alternatively, liquid pond liner can be used. The barrel is now filled with brick or paving stones, which are layered so that different levels arise. Below is a layer of gravel or normal gravel. So at least three plant levels should arise, one at the bottom, one slightly higher and one as a shallow water zone.
  • 4. Remove stones from the ground, leaving only one brick.
  • 5. Cover the remaining soil with gravel
  • 6. Place one or two bricks or paving stones on it so that different levels are created
Then the plants are already placed. Ideal is to use plant baskets. This prevents the plants from spreading too much. In addition, the baskets are easy to remove and control. The baskets should be wiped with fleece so that the Teicherde can not escape. It is too nutrient-rich and should not get into the water because it promotes algae blooms.
  • 7. Knock out baskets with fleece.
  • 8. Add the ponds and insert the plants.
  • 9. Fold the fleece up.
  • 10. Distribute gravel for complaining.
  • 11. Place the plants in the pond according to their preferred planting depth and distribute them on the different levels
Now water is filled, but not yet up. Initially, the bottom third reaches. This will push the film down properly. It is advisable to wait a few hours for it to shift into the right position. Thereafter, the film is tacked on top of the rim of the barrel. She should not be too tense because she can tear otherwise, but not too loose.
  • 12. Fill with water, about one third
  • 13. Let the pond rest
  • 14. Smooth the foil up again
  • 15. tackle the edge of the barrel
  • 16. Cut off excess film over the edge of the drum
  • 17. Fill the barrel with water until just below the edge
Who wants, can still decorate. With pleasure a small water play is used. In a sunny location solar energy can be used. The imagination knows no bounds, but the size of the barrel should be kept in mind. The mini pond must not be decorated too much. Most of the plants themselves are enough, you hardly need decoration anymore. So a fountain or gargoyles have another advantage, they prevent mosquitoes from laying their eggs. Incidentally, animals do not belong in the container. Fish and other pond inhabitants could not exist with the little oxygen.
Tip: Often the mini-oak stands in the corner of a balcony, at least for a wall somewhere. When planting, make sure that the higher plants are placed in the background. The smaller the plants, the farther they must be in the foreground.
When planting, care should be taken to ensure that the plants do not grow too large and do not spread so much. If in a short time the entire surface of the water is overgrown, the beauty is gone. Plants for the deep water zone are unsuitable. Small floating plants that swim on the water surface, small water lilies that require a low planting depth, plants for the shallow water zone and pure underwater plants are used. Water lilies do not thrive in miniature oaks with a fountain or a water sprinkler. You need calm water. Those who can only provide a very sunny location for the pond should choose swimming or floating leaf plants that shade the water surface. These include the shell flower and the swimming fern. Also the water plague is suitable, which spreads however strongly and must be shown again and again in their barriers.
Very popular are water lilies, but not all species and varieties are suitable for the oak. Here is a possible selection:
  • Dwarf Lake Nymphaea (Nymphaea candida) - flower diameter 8 to 10 cm, flowering from June to August, water depth 25 to 50 cm (up to 80 cm), dark green round leaves (diameter 20 cm), white flowers, can be planted from May, in spring in Clay balls pressed kneaded fertilizer in the soil of the baskets, hardy, quite vigorous
  • Water lily (Nymphaea x pygmaea 'Helvola' - small yellow flowers, only 2.5 cm in diameter, flowering from June to September, water depth 20 to 25 cm, not hardy, leaves dark green, may be red to reddish brown striped or spotted, fertilize in spring (as just described) ideal for vessels, super to blue flowering perennials on the edge
  • Water lily (Nymphaea x laydekeri (cultivars) - flowers pink (light lilac rose darker inside or deep red with white markings, depending on variety), up to 10 cm in diameter, flowering June to September, water depth 25 to 30 cm, plants from mid-May, weak, fertilizing as described above, very willing to flower, ideal for tubs
  • Four-sided water lily (Nymphaea tetragona) - Small flowers, only 2.5 cm diameter pure white and fragrant, flowering from June to September, water depth 10 to 25 cm, plantable from mid-May, young plants 19 cm deep and adults plant 25 cm deep, dainty water lily, even grows in shallow bowls, then do not overwinter in the open air (often under the trade name: Nymphaea x pygmaea 'Alba')
For shallow-water plants, especially marsh callas, water feathers, pine fronds and water lilies are recommended.
From an old wine barrel can be easily designed a decorative pond for the balcony or the terrace. In principle, you get two ponds from a barrel. It is important to secure the barrel from leaking, so there is no annoyance with neighbors, who then drips it on the head. In addition, the keg should not be placed on the level ground, it must be able to close air down. When planting the right choice of plants is crucial. It can not be too many and not too strong. Higher plants belong to the rear, flatter forward. Fish are unsuitable for such small containers. Although they survive for a certain amount of time, they are not feeling well. They do not have a nice life.

Video Board: How to make a barrel pond.

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