Banana plant as a houseplant - this care likes the banana

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Banana plant as a houseplant - this care likes the banana: plant

For some years, the banana plant enjoys a growing popularity as a houseplant in the local latitudes. The care of the decorative Musa is quite straightforward, but you must be offered a certain space, because the tropical perennials can be very large and expansive in the apartment. The perennial banana is not hardy and should therefore always be cultivated in a bucket.


If the banana plant is offered the ideal location, then it will thank you with a long life. When selecting the right location, make sure that it does not tolerate any drafts. However, the chosen location must be able to provide sufficient brightness. For example, the appropriate locations for the banana plant in a living room might look like this:
  • in a bright corner room
  • right next to a south window
  • also east or west windows are suitable
  • next to a patio or balcony door
  • sheltered in the summer in the open air
  • Do not expose young plants to direct sunlight
  • Humidity should be at least 50%
If it is not bright enough in the room, for example, for the banana plant during the dark season, then a plant lamp, which is aimed directly at the perennial plant, also helps here. In addition to the brightness, this also has the advantage that the plant is decoratively staged in the room.
Tip: The Musa must be sheltered from the wind on the terrace or balcony, otherwise the leaves might tear.


Banana - Musa basjoo

In the well-stocked garden trade banana plants are available in buckets in various sizes. Since, however, the substrate used here may already be old or may not have enough nutrients, it is always advisable to plant the newly purchased plant as soon as possible in a suitable container. This should be done as follows:
  • Create drainage against waterlogging
  • Potsherds, expanded clay or stones over the drain hole
  • over this plant fleece
  • fill in a part of the earth
  • Carefully remove the plant from the old pot
  • insert and fill in remaining soil
  • Poke the pot a few times on the ground
  • so the earth is better distributed
  • easy to water
  • Drain the collecting plate after half an hour
Tip: The bucket for the banana plant should not be too large, otherwise it could happen that the perennial grows unhindered and becomes very large. Especially with the vessel so the desired size of the decorative plant can be influenced.

Substrate & soil

The Musa does not have any great demands on the substrate. So all floors are right if they are well permeable to water. Because waterlogging is not tolerated by the perennial and can lead to dying. So can be used for the plants cultivated in the vessel commercial soil for potted plants.

to water

For the casting of the banana plant a little tact is needed. Because she must receive neither too much nor too little water. So standing wetness is to be avoided in any case. But even drought, especially in the hot summer, the plant does not tolerate well. So when casting should be paid to the following:
  • pour with lime-free rainwater
  • alternatively use filtered tap water
  • Make finger test on the earth
  • the earth is still moist, refrain from watering
  • no water left in the saucer
  • for the banana tree a moisture meter is suitable
  • the bigger the leaves, the more water
  • Dry leaf margins mean lack of water
Tip: Since the banana tree wants a high humidity, it should be sprayed daily with lime-free water. Also, a humidifier that is placed near the plant is helpful.


Banana - Musa basjoo

The cultivated banana plant is fertilized throughout the year. However, care should be taken to get a weekly fertilizer from spring to autumn. In winter it can be fertilized monthly. For the perennial is a special liquid fertilizer for banana trees from the well-stocked garden retailers.

To cut

Musa does not need a pruning. However, if it becomes too large, then it may be the case that individual, very large and overgrown leaves have to be removed. Even in a hibernation in the cool and dark room, the perennial can be cut back to the base. She then floats next spring with new leaves. Otherwise, the following should be noted here:
  • remove yellow leaves
  • Remove leaves with brown spots
  • through wind-torn leaves
The leaves are each cut off directly at the base with a sharp knife. The selected cutting tool should always be sharp and disinfected. For the disinfection pure alcohol from the pharmacy or a special agent from the garden trade can be used.


The Musa grows very fast, so it needs from time to time a larger vessel. So it may be repotted every year. The right time for this is right after the winter, before the plant again expels new leaves. However, you should always choose a slightly larger pot, otherwise the banana will grow too fast too fast. When repotting is done as explained under the point "plants".
Tip: Since the banana plants grow larger and larger over the years and can reach a stately height, it is advisable to carry out repotting for two. This is because one person can take the plant up the old vessel while the other carefully pulls the container down.


As a rule, banana plants multiply spontaneously, because they form offshoots, the so-called Kindel. These grow directly out of the base. The advantage for the propagation by the offshoot is above all that this is already finished plants, which only have to be separated and placed in a separate pot. Thus, the propagation proceeds as follows:
  • Simply perform work while repotting
  • here the offshoots can be easily removed
  • cut off directly at the base
  • use sharp and disinfected knife
  • Put offshoot in pot with soil
  • directly to a new location
  • bright and warm
  • keep soil moistured
  • new roots show up quickly
Tip: The increase by the offshoot succeeds easily and goes fast. Especially if the existing banana tree is already older, it is worthwhile to multiply this. For if she is at an age where she could bear fruit, then she dies after the first fruiting.


Banana - Musa basjoo

The Musa can be sown easily. The seeds for this are commercially available. Of course, this process takes longer for the plant to grow up. But for hobby gardeners it is often a pleasure to see how the small plants grow up slowly. So when sowing the banana plant should proceed as follows:
  • Fill pot with peat-sand mixture
  • Seed seeds easily in soil
  • keep soil moistured
  • Cover the container with transparent foil
  • alternatively use PET bottle
  • Cut off the bottleneck from this
  • put over the pot upside down
  • Air well daily
The pots with the seeds need a light and warm location, temperatures of over 25° Celsius are ideal. Here can also be helped with a heat lamp. Once the first seedlings have appeared, the cover is removed. If the small plants grow larger they are piqued in their own pots and put warm and bright. The spraying of the leaves with water should now begin.


Even though the banana plant in the local latitudes is a year-round houseplant, it still needs a different treatment and winter rest in winter. The warm living room is not the suitable location for this. When wintering, however, it always depends on the variety of Musa. Important for all varieties during wintering, however, is the following:
  • enough light and brightness even in winter
  • gladly also with plant lamp
  • Temperature at about 10° Celsius
  • bright stairwell ideal
  • unheated conservatory
  • the darker the room, the colder
  • always frost-free
  • for a long time not colder than 5° Celsius
The colder and darker it is, the less water the plant needs. Especially for a dark winter location, the banana plant should be cut back. For this purpose, all leaves of the perennial are removed. As soon as the plant is brighter and warmer again, it drives out again.
Tip: If the banana plant is brought to a dark and cold winter location in winter and cut back beforehand, then growth can be contained in the same way. The plant can thus refer to a location in the apartment over the growing season, which does not offer so much space.


Banana - Musa basjoo

Depending on the variety of banana plants, fruits can certainly form on the perennials. These mature without pollination and can therefore also form in pure house plants on the responsible for this rhizome. But usually it takes many years. The conditions of location and care must be optimal for this. Unfortunately, the plant dies once it has formed fruits. But by her kindling she can already be easily increased before.

Care mistakes, diseases or pests

If the leaves on the edge or already brownish, then this is an indication that the plant is not feeling well. The brown leaves thus indicate either a lack of water, too low humidity may be the cause. So the brown leaves should be removed as they weaken the plant. Immediately pour and spray the plant sufficiently. It is also helpful to set up a humidifier in close proximity to the Musa. In addition, the following pests can attack the banana plant:
  • spider mites
  • mealybugs
  • usually infested in winter quarters
  • if plant is too dry
  • when the room is very cool
  • Check plant regularly
  • Use insecticide
  • Wash the leaves with a damp cloth
  • Water more often and increase humidity
  • a little warmer
Tip: If there is no other room for hibernation, a heat lamp that can slightly increase the temperature around the plant will also help.

Video Board: What You Should Know About Growing String Of Bananas As A Houseplant / Joy Us Garden.

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