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Banana plants are also growing in popularity in our temperate regions. There are different varieties, from the small mini banana over various houseplants to the winter hardy banana tree, which can also be cultivated in your own garden. Due to its origin, the banana tree is rather used to other climatic conditions. Therefore, a few things should be considered in site selection and care.
Location and ground claims
The banana tree as a houseplant loves mainly sunny locations. Therefore, the bank is basically a good choice. In places with particularly high solar radiation, however, you should make sure that window glass bundles the sun's rays. In this case you run the risk of burning the leaves of the banana tree. Climatically, bananas are used to hot and humid conditions. Therefore, you should hold in houseplants as similar conditions as possible. the temperature lower limit is generally 16 degrees.
Particularly critical for the banana tree is the often very dry room air in winter. At the same time it does not tolerate strong drafts, because the leaves are very susceptible to damage, especially for smaller perennials. So you should make sure that you have a regular ventilation and use humidifiers to make it easier for the bananas to hibernate.
After the end of the cold season, the banana tree can be returned to its original location in the great outdoors. Here you should pay attention to a sunny location. As already described above, this should also be reasonably protected from the wind. The banana plant does not demand more from the soil type. Well drained and slightly acidic are optimal conditions.
Pouring and fertilizing
Bananas should be watered regularly, so that the soil in the plant pot at best never dries out. Useful is pouring with warm water and regularly spraying the banana leaves, especially in winter in dry indoor air. To avoid accumulated moisture, the plant pot should have a drain or drainage. In order to simulate the natural climatic conditions, the banana plant can certainly be poured directly from above. Especially in winter, regular spraying of the leaves helps, because the banana is used to humid climates because of their origin and therefore tends to dry out quickly.
Bananas should be fertilized regularly in the summer months, about every 10 days, during the winter months 1 fertilization is enough. Especially liquid fertilizer has proved its worth.
Normally, no cut must be made on the banana tree. Only when diseases have occurred, it is advisable to cut the bananas back to a trunk length of about 3 cm. It is important to use cutters, as the tearing off of the leaves always involves an injury to the trunk.
Since banana plants usually show strong growth, you should repot regularly (every 1-2 years). The optimal time for this work is the spring, in which case you should immediately strengthen the main plant by removing existing offshoots. Here, as with other plants, care must be taken to ensure that the growth of the actual plants in the roots begins. If there is not enough space and enough nutrient-rich soil available, the plant will not grow great and will not plant any flowers or branches.
Propagation of the banana tree
Most banana plants reproduce quite well over the shoots that produce bananas regularly and in sufficient numbers. But you should not access this too early. Only from the offshoots have reached about 1 third of the actual perennial, they are strong enough.
Smaller varieties form seeds as an alternative to the offshoots. These must be in the water for a longer time (12 hours) before sowing, in order to swell enough for the seed. The results of the seed can be favorably influenced by a sufficiently high room temperature. As a guide, temperatures between 22 and 24 degrees.
Signs of damage or disease on banana trees.
The most common indication of errors in the care of banana trees is the formation of brown leaves on the banana plant. The possible causes are very diverse here. In most cases, browning is accompanied by losses of leaves. First, it should be checked in principle, to what extent the location choice has contributed. Bad temperatures or lack of light are a very common cause. The next approach is to check the planted vessel, if there is backwater, or if the selected pot could simply be too small. However, the crucial factor is often the lack of adequate irrigation. Regular spraying of the leaves can already cause considerable changes here.
An unusual change in banana plants that is not pathological, however, was the occasional release of drops of water through the leaves. This is a normal process in all plants that regularly release more or less water through their leaves as part of their metabolic processes,
The banana is native to Asia as well as Australia, New Guinea, the Philippines and Africa.
Bananas have soft, huge leaves that always look wind-torn and torn in their natural habitats. Their strains are sham trunks, after the Fruchtbildung they die off, however the plant expels from the thickened roots again.
Bananas demand a very bright place, even in winter. If you can not guarantee the brightness in winter, you should cut off the leaves beforehand. They go out in spring with heat and sun again. However, it sometimes makes the new shoot difficult to break out of the old leaf cover on the trunk, so you should cut the trunk until the green shoots are visible. Musa evaporates through the huge leaves much water, so pour plenty of water in the summer and once a week administer a complete fertilizer.
As a substrate, use a loamy humus soil, you should add some Lauberde. Musa acuminata, the so-called dwarf banana, which can even receive flowers and fruits, is particularly suitable as a houseplant. The well-known ornamental banana today forms its own genus Ensete M. basjoo, the Japanese fiber banana, is about 4 m high. It is most resistant to cold temperatures, even tolerates frost for a short time if its roots are protected. The above-ground parts of the plant will probably freeze back, but the plant will sprout again and become lush and beautiful again within a summer.