Bartnelke - sowing, planting and care

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Barnacle - Dianthus barbatus

In a classic farm garden, the mustard is not missing, it was once one of the favorite flowers of our grandparents. She fell into oblivion in modern gardens.
Luckily, many lovers of the extremely flowering flower have found their way again. Bartels are wonderful as cut flowers due to their sturdy plant stems. In the vase they stay relatively fresh. However, you should make sure that no leaves can rot in the water, so better to remove the leaves down to water level from below. The elongated leaves, which grow out of the stem directly opposite, can be easily torn off.

Bartnel - seeds

As a plant, barnacles are rarely offered. Seed is usually a standard offer at most specialty retailers. Or you can get seeds from neighbors or acquaintances who already own this beautiful carnation. The choice of the available colors of inflorescences starts with a bright white, goes beyond pink, pink to dark reds. Very popular are also the two- or multi-colored varieties, curled or spotted. Special breeds have produced filled barnacles. Seed mixtures usually contain different shades. Because the flowers are self-seeding again and again, it is extremely exciting to see which new color compositions evolve by themselves over the years.


The best time for sowing is June. As this summer, the summer starts right, the seeds can go directly into the field, possibly to the place where they should later present their flowers. The soil needs the appropriate preparation, so good loosen up and remove weeds. The plants are not harmed if they are first brought to another location, in the greenhouse or in the pot. By later planting the plants are usually even stronger. For cultivation, a somewhat shady place has even proved to be cheaper. The following year, however, when the barnacles form flowers, they want pure sun. The planting of the barnacle can be done wide-brimmed or in rows, depending on your preference. The seed should be thinly covered with soil, then press and pour the soil a bit.


Barnacles need a humus-rich, sunny location for flowering. Although they tolerate some shade, the flower will probably be less abundant there. By the end of September at the latest, the still small plants should move to their later place in the sun. A nutrient-rich, possibly mixed with compost soil offers the best conditions for good prosperity. Before the barnacles are planted, the soil should be loosened and weed-cleaned. If all roots are actually removed, the bed will remain free of weeds for much longer. The plants are ideally located at a distance of about 25 cm. They need so much space to develop optimally. If the barnacles are to remain in the seeded place, timely clearing and transposition will help, so that they are not too close.

Care for

Although the carnation does not like a very wet location, it still wants to be well supplied with water. Especially after planting additional irrigation in case of insufficient rain is essential. Although barnacles are fairly undemanding, they are still happy about fertilizer. Over the winter they keep their green. Bartels are frost-resistant and need protection with fir branches only in very cold locations. When spring arrives, the barnacles continue to grow, reaching their final height of about 50 cm by May. The flowering phase may vary depending on the species, but usually lasts from May to July. Bartels not only inspire with their flowers, but also with their pleasant fragrance.
Snails tend to stay away from barnacles. It can happen that aphids arrive. The spraying with soap solution goes against it. Virus diseases are avoided if the plants are airy, ie not too close to each other. Occasionally, clove rust or clove black can occur. These are fungal diseases that can be combated with sprays from specialist retailers. However, heavily infested plants should be disposed of immediately so that the fungal spores do not spread to other flowers.

Permanent planting of barnacles in the garden

Barnacles grow in the first year about 10 to 20 cm high and drive only in the second year of their flower jewelry. After pollination, deep black, round, but very shallow seeds form, which sow and germinate by themselves. The young plants will have developed so far again until the beginning of winter that they will get through the cold season. Plant stems do not always wither after seed development. Some plants remain green and bring out flowers again the following year.Bartels can also be three years old. Feel well, they remain the home garden as an integral part, especially as they provide for their offspring itself. With their umbel-like flowers, which are very attractive due to their color scheme, they are a real enrichment for every garden.

Video Board: Growing sweet William biennials from seed.

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