The Content Of The Article:
The Basket Marant, Calathea, belongs to the arrowroot family and has its origins in the Brazilian rainforest. Incidentally, the plant got its name 'Korbmarante' because the natives of the Brazilian rainforest made braids from the leaves of Calathea.
The Calathea belongs to the large genus of tropical plants with interesting 10 to 60 cm long leaves. These leaves grow from a short, barely visible trunk. The leaf shapes vary. They are sometimes elongated, sometimes lanceolate and round. Because of their different leaf colorations and shapes, these plants look very decorative. As a houseplant, it therefore acquires an ever greater popularity. The elegant leaf patterning makes the Calathea an exceptional indoor plant. However, to successfully cultivate the Calathea, the plant has some nursing requirements. Some species of the genus Calathea have also been used for medicinal purposes. Today, however, such a use is not recommended.
The Korbmarante is a tropical jungle plant. She also lives up to this claim as a houseplant. To cultivate them successfully, their location, temperature and humidity must be similar to those in their home country. There it grows in the undergrowth. Here she is looking for a place in the partial shade. When exposed to direct sunlight, the plant suffers and leaves fade with the otherwise beautiful pattern.
The potting soil should be fibrous, humus rich and well air permeable. To store the moisture, pearlite or styrofoam balls should be added. Torfbeimischungen have proven themselves.
Temperature and humidity
Unfortunately, the beautiful Korbmaranten are not very adaptable. Therefore, both the room temperature and the humidity play a major role in cultivating this species in the room. At the time of the main growth the basket edge can withstand temperatures of 22° C and more. In winter, however, during the resting phase, the temperature must not fall below 18° C. A flowering Calathea species needs a period of rest at 15° C for a short time. For both types, never put on the cold windowsill, so that the plant substrate does not cool. To ensure a constant high humidity of about 70% without a greenhouse, the calathea should be sprayed daily. The water, however, must be warm and lime-poor. Even water containers, placed in the room, give off the moisture needed by evaporation.
The irrigation water for the Calathea must not be cold, because their roots are very sensitive. Water at room temperature is pleasant to the plant. The tap water is tolerated, but better is lime-poor, stale rainwater. The pouring rule means: As soon as the uppermost layer of earth has dried off slightly, it is poured. In winter, when the room temperature is lower, less water is poured. But even in winter time, the plant must not dry out.
The basket marant is fairly unpretentious in terms of nutrient supply. It is sufficient to add a small amount of liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water every 14 days during summer time. A special fertilizer is not necessary.
The time to repot has come when the roots of the plant become visible in the plant pot. This is best done in the spring, before the plant expels new shoots and leaves after their hibernation. Since the Korbmarante is a Flachwurzler, a planter should be selected, which has more width than height.
Propagation occurs by root division or by shoot cuttings. Both variants are problem-free. When propagating by rooting, the plant including the root is cut with a sharp knife and immediately placed in a prepared pot. Water well. This creates the needed climate and makes rooting easier. Drive cuttings should have 2 to 4 leaves. The shoots are cut close to the ground with a sharp knife and placed in humus-rich potting soil. An ambient temperature of 23° C makes it easy to root at a humidity of 85 - 90%. If the ambient temperature is cooler, more time passes until the roots form. After rooting several shoot cuttings are placed in a planter so that the plants act faster compact.
Although the Kobmarante makes some demands on the care, when cutting it is really easy to maintain. Only dried-up and withering leaves are removed near the ground. In the flowering species of Korbmarante the withered inflorescences are cut off.
- Direct or indirect drafts must not be exposed to the calathea.
- When leaf margins turn brown, the plant is likely to be exposed to direct sunlight.
- Even dry soil and low humidity can be the reason.
- When the leaves of the plant curl up, the location has been wrong or the plant needs more water.
- Over-fertilization is indicated by a yellowing of the leaves. In this case, an immediate repot is required.
Pests almost never occur at the Korbmarante. Only spider mites infestation can occur, but this is the result of too dry air. Care mistakes forgive the Calathea not. If the air is too dry, the leaves will curl up. Also a lack of fertilizer is quickly visible on the plant. The leaves become light and lose their healthy appearance. Who pours his plants only sporadically, will have no luck with the Calathea. Forgetting casting will have fatal consequences. The leaves are quickly slack, the stems bend over.
Tips for quick readers
- More than 300 species are known from the jungle plant originating from South America.
- Decorative houseplant with big differences in growth, color, leaf shape and leaf pattern.
- Suitable for the conservatory.
- Represents claims to care and cultivation.
- Loves bright shade places.
- Due to direct sunlight the drawing of the leaves fades.
- The plant substrate should be humus rich and well drained.
- Tropical climate, high humidity and temperatures above 22° C.
- Wipe the leaves regularly and spray with lime-free water.
- Only a few species of arrowroot plants produce flowers.
- An increase takes place via by root division or over Kopfstecklinge.
- The plant is not susceptible to disease. Discoloration and withering are often an indication of incorrect care.
- Pruning takes place only on brown inflorescences or withered leaves.
- Sufficient humidity is provided by water heaters attached to the heater
- If the leaves are regularly cleaned with a damp sponge, the pores on the top of the leaves are exposed again and receive the important oxygen.
The Korbmarante grows originally in the tropical jungles and requires a correspondingly high humidity. Cultivating the plant can be problematic because it is extremely caring. For this reason, the Korbmarante is more suitable for gardeners who can muster the necessary patience and, above all, the necessary experience.
To her name Korbmarante the plant came through the Indians. It was they who recognized the utility of the plant and woven baskets from their leaves. Characteristic of the Korbmarante are their beautiful, patterned leaves, each species has its own color or pattern, which could hardly be more different. Also among the Calathea species there are some robust varieties that are also suitable for the somewhat less experienced Zimmergärtner quasi to exercise.
Tip: shallow bowls are ideal for basket martens, because the root of the basket marant tends to grow in width rather than in depth. With expanded clay beads you can put drainage layer in the pot, the soil should be loose. Ordinary potting soil can be loosened well with a little Styromull. Propagation occurs during repotting, by division of the plant.