Basket Marant - Plant, cultivate & multiply


The Content Of The Article:

The tropical basket edge is an attractive houseplant with colorful flowers. When it comes to hobby gardeners, however, it poses some challenges.

Korbmarante

This houseplant is a so-called arrowroot plant. The Korbmarante, whose name is Calathea in the jargon, can especially draw attention to itself with its elegant leaves. Because the unusual patterns and different colors of the leaves make the foliage plant a real eye-catcher in almost every room.

In the tropical regions where these plants are native, the plants were also used outdoors in the past, which earned them the name Calathea. Finally, the Korbmarante was extremely popular in the weaving of neat baskets, as well as a decorative roof covering, especially in the past.

Incidentally, the name "Calathea" derives from the Greek and literally means "basket." If you want to get a typical jungle plant into your own four walls, you will have a lot of fun with the Korbmarante. However, it should be considered that not every subspecies of Korbmarante also blooms. Fortunately, the leaves of the plant alone are a real feast for the eyes. However, if you want to enjoy it as long as possible, you should know that the basket edge is considered to be relatively easy to maintain.

Characteristics of the basket edge

Native is the Korbmarante in Ecuador, Brazil and also in Colombia, where correspondingly higher temperatures prevail. In this country, however, the Korbmarante should be cultivated only as a houseplant. The plant, also known as Maranta and arrowroot, grows perennial and herbaceous, but can bribe depending on the species with different growth forms. Here, heights of growth of 15 to 30 centimeters are achieved, so that the Maranta can be accommodated wonderfully on the domestic window sill.

The different shades of green, as well as the multi-colored leaf drawings make the Korbmarante next to the flower in the spring or summer. Depending on the variety (and if it even flowers), the arrowroot may be marked by the following flower colors:

  • White
  • yellow-orange

The flowers of Korbmarante have either a cone or basket-like shape. While about 270 species belong to the group Marantengewächse, the Maranta is certainly the most important and in this country also the most widespread plant of this genus. This is mainly due to the plant's special leaves. After all, these not only look attractive, but also roll together in the evening. At the same time, crackling noises are heard from a relatively low volume. Only in the morning, the leaves of Korbmarante then open again. In addition, there are some varieties of Maranta, whose roots and flowers are even suitable for consumption.

Planting Basket Marant - Requirements for Healthy Growth

Which location does the basket edge prefer?

In its South American homeland, the Maranta can be found as a ground cover as well as a climbing or hanging plant, especially in the undergrowth of the local rainforest. Accordingly, this is a rather shady location. Even if the Korbmarante is kept in this country as a houseplant, the new owners are now encouraged to provide conditions that are as similar as possible to the tropical climate in the home of the plant in terms of the following points:

  • Location
  • humidity
  • temperature

A warm, draft-free location is therefore ideal. In addition, the Korbmarante does not tolerate direct sunlight and is much better off in a partially shaded place. Even the direct winter sun does not get the plant. She also makes her owner feel clearly when she has had too much sun. This is evident, for example, on the leaves of the Maranta, which then roll to the side. Therefore, a north window is the ideal location for the Korbmarante. If you can not offer this to the houseplant, you can opt for additional shading options.

A noticeable increase in humidity also contributes to the magnificent flourishing of the Korbmarante. This should ideally be between 70 and 80 percent. A regular review of the actual prevailing humidity is therefore useful when it comes to the prosperity of the Maranta. At least from March to the month of September, the values ​​just mentioned should be achieved. After all, this period is the growth phase of the Korbmarante. Temperatures of 18 to 25 degrees Celsius are preferred by the plant. Even in winter, lower temperatures should not occur if the tropical houseplant is to go well.

Which floor is ideal for this houseplant?

When it comes to the optimal substrate for the Korbmarante, the plant makes the following claims:

  • humos
  • fibrous
  • breathable

For example, it makes sense to use a high-quality potting soil with as much humus as possible. To make the substrate even more permeable and to improve its water storage capacity at the same time noticeably, all hobby gardeners can also resort to perlite or small styrofoam balls, which are simply mixed into the substrate. A peat-based or peat-based substrate is also ideal. If you want to make your own soil mixture for the Korbmarante, simply use the following ingredients:

  • Compost or clay soil in three parts
  • a part of peat

Even with the pH of the substrate for the Maranta, strict rules must be observed. This should always be between 4.5 and 5.5. Regular pH control is recommended so that the basket edge always finds the perfect soil conditions.

How to properly care for you Korbmarante

Basket edge flower

Although it is a very graceful plant in the Korbmarante, their care certainly brings one or the other challenge. Not only the perfect location is essential for the prosperity of the Korbmarante. Rather, the following care instructions must be observed. This does not only mean the conscientious repot every two to three years.

To water:

The Korbmarante is characterized by a relatively clear need for water. Especially from April to the month of September, the drop plant must be watered regularly. Low-calorie, well-tempered water offers this. It is even better to water the Maranta with lime-free water, for which the plant shows itself with a magnificent growth.

While the Korbmarante must not dry out during their growth phase from spring to autumn under any circumstances, you do not get too much wet. Waterlogging should be avoided while the substrate should always be slightly damp. Before the plant is poured again, the substrate is allowed to dry superficially, while a drying of the substrate is to be avoided in any case. Otherwise that would be poison for the pretty houseplant.

Humidity:

If the edge of the basket is marked by dry leaf tips, this indicates that there is too little humidity around the plant. However, the humidity can be relatively easily increased by the houseplant is sprayed at regular intervals. Hand-warm water is ideal. Alternatively, all hobby gardeners can also fall back on an additional humidifier. This should fit the size of the room and should not be placed too far away from the edge of the basket. In a warm location, the Maranta must be pollinated with water from a handy spray bottle very often.

Lime-free water is also clearly to be preferred in this context. Finally, simple tap water could contribute to the formation of limescale on the pretty leaves of the plant. Anyone who still wants to use tap water as a cheap alternative to lime-free water should only use water, which has been stale for one or more days. In addition, a dedusting the Korbmarante makes sense. Because with the houseplant, the leaves dust quickly, whereby this problem can be solved very well with a damp cloth. Again, the necessary care is required so that the leaves are not damaged.

Fertilize:

The optimal care of the basket edge also includes the correct fertilization. Luckily, the plant's nutritional needs are not nearly as high as the water needs of the tropical plant. During the main growth phase, it is sufficient if the Maranta is fertilized every four weeks. A liquid fertilizer, such as this here, which can be easily added to the irrigation water, offers itself in this context. However, this is maximum to use in half concentration.

In addition, it is important that the proportion of fluorine in the selected fertilizer is as low as possible, as it could damage the Korbmarante otherwise. Too much salt should not contain the fertilizer for the houseplant. Nevertheless, the hobby gardeners do not have to resort to an expensive special fertilizer for their tropical plant. Green plant fertilizers, which are especially designed for indoor plants, are usually completely sufficient. The use of a long-term fertilizer is also conceivable. The corresponding fertilizer sticks are available in the garden trade without problems.

repotting:

The Maranta is characterized by a rather strong growth of its roots. This means that the houseplant should be repotted every two to three years at the latest. Then, when the roots are already sticking out of the pot, it is high time that the basket edge has a new, larger plant pot. Incidentally, the tropical houseplant is a flat-root. This means that the planters for the Korbmarante not particularly high, but must be the wider.

Incidentally, the plant is best replanted in spring. Because this is anyway the season in which the Korbmarante forms new impulses of its own.When the plant is removed from the pot to repot it, extreme caution is advised. The roots of the tropical plant may under no circumstances be damaged. At the same time, it is important to examine the root ball exactly on the following things:

  • sick roots
  • Root parts affected by decay
  • Damage to the root ball

No longer perfect root parts are to be removed. In addition, it can happen that the root ball is quite heavily matted. This can be due to the too tight conditions in the previous plant pot Korbmarante. Then the hobby gardeners are encouraged to give the roots by careful pulling apart with their hands more space. This also helps the plant to root better in its new pot.

In addition, the new pot should not be able to get along without the appropriate drainage, so that the Korbmarante survives the repotting as well as possible. Perlite and gravel are suitable for this purpose. The already mentioned substrate mixture is then added to the drainage layer. The Maranta is then placed in the center of the pot. Then it is necessary to fill the pot with soil - up to about two centimeters below the pot edge. Now gently press the earth gently. In the end, the freshly transposed Korbmarante must of course be poured well.

Rear section:

The effort for pruning the Korbmarante holds in comparison to many other plants within limits. Only leaves that are already dry or withered, are directly in the area of ​​the base of the plant, ie to remove directly above the ground. If it is a Maranta that pleases its owner with a flower, all inflorescences that have since withered should be equally cut off.

propagation:

❍ Propagation by sowing

The basket edge can be increased, for example, by sowing. This peat turf pots are a very good choice. These pots must first be placed in water to swell there and thus reach their maximum size. Your peat pot is also a good choice because it can later be transplanted and transplanted together with the sprouted seeds. Thus, the roots of the young Korbmarante are not damaged. On the other hand, if you do not want to resort to a peat pot, you can also use the following aids for sowing this tropical plant:

  • regular sowing substrate from the specialized trade
  • a miniature greenhouse

To seed the seeds in a peat pot, a spiked stick should be used to make holes in the pots. There the basket Marmara seeds are placed. The small peat pots then need to be placed in a foil pouch that is lockable and translucent. A ziplock bag is ideal for the purposes mentioned. Then add so much lime-poor water to the bag with a fertilizer drop until the water is only a few millimeters longer, as soon as the pot has become soaked. Now close the ziplock bag.

In a partially shaded place, the seeds, which no longer need to be watered, can then germinate. The ambient temperature during the germination phase should be warm 24 to 28 degrees Celsius. Only at night are temperatures at the lower end of this scale no problem. Only when the Korbmarante seedlings are strong and large enough, it goes to the repotting in a larger pot (say a drip, which is mainly wider).

❍ Propagation by cuttings

Likewise, the cultivation by cuttings is possible. The basket marrow cuttings can be cut between February and March. Each clone should have two to six leaves and be carefully separated from the mother plant with a sharp, clean knife. This happens immediately at ground level. Then it is necessary to put the cuttings in a pot with the appropriate growing substrate. Also peat wells can be used in this context.

Be sure to moisten the substrate and keep it moist, so that the root of the basket is as light as possible. Over the whole then a translucent foil bag should be put over. In addition, a warm, partially shaded spot next to ambient temperatures of 23 degrees Celsius is ideal for growing the Maranta cuttings. A particularly high humidity of 85 to 90 percent is desirable. The film should be removed daily for ventilation, so that no mold can form. It takes about six to eight weeks for the cuttings to be transplanted.

❍ Propagation by a root division

By dividing the roots, the basket Marante can also be propagated. This is best done when the plant is being repotted anyway. Remove the root ball from loose soil and make sure that each section of the split root ball can have a bulbous thickening. The tubers are then planted in their own substrate similar to the Korbmarante cuttings. However, temperatures of 18 degrees Celsius in this case are completely sufficient to grow new Maranta plants. After six to eight weeks may be repotted.

overwinter

A hibernation is the Korbmarante no term.Nevertheless, from October to February it is quite possible that the tropical houseplant can tolerate cooler temperatures. It should not be colder than 18 degrees Celsius, however, to prevent a possible entry of the plant. Drafts must still be avoided and sufficiently high humidity must be ensured.

This is all the more important given the dry heating air in the cold season. Finally, this circumstance is also associated with an increased susceptibility of the Maranta for a pest infestation. It is therefore extremely important, especially in winter, for the houseplant to be sprinkled with lime-free water a sufficient number of times so that pests have little chance. However, the plant should not be fertilized until spring and less watered.

Possible diseases and pests

Too much moisture and too much salt can threaten the existence of the Korbmarante, as root rot is often the logical consequence. It is important to avoid these adverse conditions. Dying, yellowed leaves clearly indicate the presence of root rot. Then the plants can only be potted to remove the rotten Korbmarante parts and to replant the rest of the houseplant in fresh, dry substrate.

An infestation with thrips, however, shows in light speckles on the leaves of Korbmarante. To overcome this problem, the plant should be shed. It is also necessary to spray the Maranta several times with a solution made from spirit (a tablespoon) and soapsuds. Then a Thrispe infestation is relatively easy to get a grip on.

Spider mites, which become noticeable with the help of white spiders, become a problem for the basket edge, especially in winter. The plant should be shed thoroughly in such a situation to rid it of the spider mites. Please cover the pot and the soil. Then increase the humidity. Predatory mites can also be used in the fight against spider mites.

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