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Summer shrubs offer in their variety numerous possibilities to make the garden very individual. The variety of leaf perennials ranges from countless grass species to flowering perennials, which offer a varied picture thanks to their flowering times from early summer to late autumn. Here are the questions: What do I plant where? Which varieties fit together? How do I best care for my perennials? Here we give you some advice on how to creatively design your beds with perennials in order to cultivate new beauties in the garden again and again.
Substrate and soil
Before planting a perennial flowerbed, you should determine if they are plants that prefer swampy soil, loose humus, permeable soil or solid loam soil. The right perennials are available for practically every type of soil. Who wants to put his perennials on a stream or in a pond, should fall back on Teicherde and plant the rhizomes in a well-drained basket. Perennials for discounts or in perennial beds rarely need special substrates. However, it has been proven to enrich the excavation with compost or humus to provide nutrients and keep the soil loose. If the ground is very firm, drainage is required to prevent waterlogging. It can easily be self-made with the help of gravel, clay balls or mulch. In this case, however, the planting hole should be dug generously.
- Summer shrubs for a pond or moist soil usually tolerate a lot of sun
- Perennials for shady places usually have very bright flowers
- many perennials tolerate no waterlogging
- Perennials that love dry soil often cope with moisture as long as they do not have permanently wet feet
There are the right perennials for every location. This applies to the rock garden as well as shady or partially shaded areas or veritable problem areas. Summer shrubs that give the rock garden a lively appearance are, for example, columbine, fat hen, alpine aster or sunflower. They rely on keeping heat from the stones, while the roots usually remain cool by covering the stones. For the marginal planting in blazing sun, upholstery is the ideal choice. They form thick, ground-covering host. Good examples of this are gooseberry, grass or the Aster, which can be cultivated in numerous variants. For those who want to redesign their garden again and again, annual perennials are ideal, they are also popular as a gap filler. They can be placed where the large and conductive shrubs have not yet grown. Sun hat, verbena or the imposing torch lily thrive in the full sun. They gradually make way for the solitary perennials, which take time for their development. For example, chrysanthemum, cup plant, poppy or mullein.
Hardy perennials for shady locations are:
- Blue evergreen
- Caucasian forget-me-not
- Black cohosh
Hardy perennials for sunny locations:
- lady's mantle
- Red and yellow stonecrop
- Ball bellflower
Perennials are available as tubers, root balls or seeds. Since they are planted mainly in the fall or spring, it may be that in the first year, the growth is still sparse. It is therefore important to make sure when purchasing that root balls are well rooted. Seeding perennials from seeds is also an alternative, the trade offers a variety of them. Especially popular and splendid are columbine, acanthus, barnacle or the pretty blue-white catnip.
- Seeds can already be brought forward in the seed pot from February
- Root balls should be well-poured after insertion
- Dahlia tubers are not hardy, they must be dug up in the fall
- pay attention to germinable seeds
Summer shrubs can be wonderfully combined with a tall plant in the background or center should be set. Here are some special combinations:
- Daylily, 50 - 70 cm, with funk, liriope and snake beard - sunny to partially shaded
- Purple bell 60 - 80 cm, in addition bellflower, balloon flower and Bergenia, sunny
- Ornamental lily 80 cm, with lady's mantle, snapdragons, purple loosestrife and petals, sunny
Summer shrubs in the garden are a long-lasting joy in an incredible variety. Most of the perennials are perennial, hardy and easy to maintain. They combine well when put together to make beds and discounts where similar demands are made. Annual summer perennials are a decorative filler.The choice decides only the personal taste, so that each garden receives its individual look. Summer shrubs are a must for every gardener and always guarantee a beautiful sight.