The Content Of The Article:
- Organic plant protection with bedding made of herbs
- Vegetables and herbs are suitable partners in the sunny bed
- The clippings of the spicy herbs are used in the kitchen
- Interview with Daniel Rühlemann: "These types of herbs are suitable for bedding borders"
Herbs as bed borders have always been a tradition in the garden. Already in the Middle Ages, they gave the vegetable beds a clear framework and ensured order. Even then, the benefits of bedding made of herbs were appreciated. In addition to its dense growth, its cut compatibility and its pleasant fragrance, it is above all its pest-repellent effect, which makes the spicy companions so popular in gardens until today.
Organic plant protection with bedding made of herbs
Their aromatic ingredients are used in biological crop protection. Some species contain bitter substances such as mustard oil glycosides, which, like intensive fragrances, are the first barrier to keep insects away from the vegetables in the center of the bed. Lavender, thyme or oregano were indispensable in the monastery gardens because they were supposed to ward off aphids with their fragrances. Savory and sage are also planted today in the organic garden for aphids, while sage also keeps snails and caterpillars away. In addition, many herbs contain phytoalexins that affect the growth of fungi and bacteria. Organic gardeners are therefore deliberately planting chives between mildew-prone plants to prevent infestation with fungal disease. A carrot bed also benefits from the chive hedge. The harsh fragrance of the holy herb (Santolina chamaecyparissus), also called cypress herb, also acts pest repellent. The aroma is best, as with all herbs in warm and sunny places to advantage. Last but not least, bedding borders made of herbs with their dense growth protect young vegetables from cold winds.
Lavender can be used as a flowering bedding border
Vegetables and herbs are suitable partners in the sunny bed
Herbs, like most types of vegetables, are true sun worshipers and therefore very well suited as a border for the garden. Already in passing, lavender and thyme give off their aromas on warm days when the leaves are only lightly touched or touched. The herbs prefer permeable, loose soil. They can not tolerate waterlogging - so they should only be watered in extreme drought conditions. The best planting time is the spring. Do not plant too tightly, because with sufficient distance the life span of the herbs increases. Especially in small gardens you should opt for only one species per hedge as a hedge plant. To promote their dense growth, fertilize the spicy herbs in the spring and autumn with compost or organic long-term fertilizer.
The hedge of yellow flowering holy herb (Santolina) provides color and scent. Its tart scent is intended to keep pests out of the flower beds. Even lavender is ideal with its silver-gray foliage and purple flowers as cut-compatible hedge
The clippings of the spicy herbs are used in the kitchen
Regular cut brings the bed enclosure into shape: you cut in spring after the new shoot and again in the summer. As a rule of thumb you can remember: At least one third of the shoots and leaves should be preserved. In order for enough leaves to reproduce before the winter, the latest date in mid-August is to reach a point. Another advantage of the bedding made of herbs comes into play: while the clippings of other hedges are being shredded or landed on the compost, leaves and shoots of the vigorous herbs migrate into the kitchen for further use. In between, herbs can be harvested, of course, again and again, one should only avoid cutting larger harvest holes in the hedge course. In summer, most of the clippings fall, then with flowers. For the preparation of aromatic salads, herbal oils, herbal quark or teas we have a lot of ingredients available.
Interview with Daniel Rühlemann: "These types of herbs are suitable for bedding borders"
Herbal expert Daniel Rühlemann, owner of the nursery "Rühlemann's herbs and Dufpflanzen"
Which herbs are especially recommended as bedding in the vegetable garden?
In any case, lavender with its wonderfully silvery leaves, the spicy scented mountain savory, the compact dwarf thyme and the holy herb with its tart, pest-repellent scent. Beautiful are also the yellow-flowering and perennial rue, the evergreen and very cut compatible Gamander and the Currykraut, whose wonderful Curryduft depends especially after rain showers in the air. Also popular are the chives with its small flower balls, the bright gold marjoram, the herbaceous, vigorous boar rhizomes or the lemon catnip, which attracts no cats exceptionally.
What are the advantages of herb hedges?
They have a multiple benefits: On the one hand, they keep off by their tart fragrance animals that want to do amicable on the tender and delicious plants inside the herb bed, on the other hand, they give the garden an ordering structure, so that a utility and herb garden is visually upgraded overall, And those who are not ecstatic at the sight of a single little herb, will certainly be convinced of the effect of a fragrant bed of herbs.
What properties should herbs have, with which you want to frame beds?
So that the bedding of herbs looks really even, you should only take varieties that were propagated by cuttings. This is not always easy to recognize, but you can ask the gardener. Also, the plants should be cut compatible and branch well, so regrow bushy. It's also better to limit yourself to one sort per bed if possible.
Start photo gallery
Herbs for bed borders
Rue (Ruta graveolens), wintergreen
Dwarf hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis ssp. Aristatus), partly wintergreen
Dwarf thyme (Thymus vulgaris), wintergreen
Santas (Santolina chamaecyparissus), wintergreen
Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), wintergreen
Gamander (Teucrium chamaedrys v. Hortensis), wintergreen
Curry herb (Helichrysum italicum), wintergreen
The yellow-colored spice sage (Salvia officinalis 'Icterina') draws a varied band around the beds with its leaves