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Beetroot is often cultivated in the garden, because it has no high demands on the soil texture and the effect of light. However, the soil on which the beetroot is grown should not be too nitrogenous, as this plant will then accumulate too much nitrite, similar to chard or spinach. The beetroot should not be seeded too early, as they will have to shoot if they get frost during the growth stages. The shots are not desired in this plant. Therefore, the sowing should take place in April. Who wants to go here for sure, is waiting for the icy saints. Should it come again to frost, the beetroot can be protected by a thin fleece. Red beds are ideal for storage. Therefore, the main cultivation should take place in June. So the ripe fruits can be harvested from October and stored. The storage takes place in boxes containing straw, sand or peat. So the tubers are stored protected from light and cold. If the harvest takes place earlier, the fruits can also be boiled and made durable.
Sow the beetroot
Before sowing, the soil should be chopped and compost incorporated. The sowing takes place in April or in May outdoors in a distance of about 10 centimeters within each row. The rows should be about 25 centimeters apart. The sowing depth should be two to three centimeters. After sowing, a layer of compost should be applied again, but no manure. It is important to water the plants regularly after sowing. If the plant is already to be pre-cultivated, the sowing can already be done in March in nesting boxes. In April, the sprouts can then be planted in the garden. In order to support the growth of the plants, rock flour can be hooked into the soil. The regular application of compost, as well as the hacking and watering can be beneficial to the growth of the plant.
The varieties beetroot
Red beets know many people as the well-known dark red root, which splits the minds because of its earthy taste. However, there are different varieties of varieties. In addition to the round variety, there are also those who have plattrunde roots as well as beets have the cylindrical roots or pointed root. The white and yellow beds, which are mild and sweetish, not quite as earthy, stand out from it. One of the well-known varieties is the Formanova, which has a cylindrical shape. The Forono also has a cylindrical shape and is also very productive, which makes it very attractive for cultivation in the home garden. The Tonda di Chioggia is a curly variety whose color is red and white. Raw it is very sweet and tender. When this variety is cooked, the red and white stripes run into each other. The Egyptian Platinum Round is an old variety that has deep red leaves, an aromatic taste and grows very fast. The Burpee's Golden is a beetroot that has an orange color on the outside and is yellowish inside. These fruits taste very aromatic and sweet. The red ball is cultivated very often, because this is an uncomplicated, round variety, which is very aromatic. The Albina Veredura is a white beet that has a sweetish taste and is often used to prepare raw food salads. This variety can only be sown in June, as it tends to shoot.
Pests and diseases
Beets are robust plants that are barely affected by pests or diseases. A known pest of this plant is the beet fly. The beets can also be damaged by aphids or earth fleas. In addition, roundworms or beet canals can make a mess of this plant. In addition, various beetle species such as the beetle, the beetle beetle, the beet weevil or the beetle can cause damage to the fruit. In addition to the pests that can affect the beetroot, there are also diseases such as heart and blight, root gangrene, yellowing disease or the Cercospora leaf spots.
The harvest of fruits and storage and conservation
As with many other plants, the fruits of the plant last the longest when they remain in the bed. Prerequisite, however, is that no frost sets in. The beetroot can handle temperatures of up to minus three degrees, but should be harvested at lower temperatures. If the temperatures are higher, the plants can be harvested fresh shortly before consumption. If frosty weather threatens, the plants should be carefully pulled out of the ground. In order to store the fruits, they must not be injured. Only in this way can no germs invade and multiply there during the storage period. Before the fruits can be stored, the leaves must be removed. For this they are carefully turned off.The roots can now be stored in the refrigerator for some time. If the tubers are to be stored over a long period of time, it is recommended to store them in the cellar. Especially crates containing moist sand are ideal for storing beetroot. The tubers must not be washed before storage. The remaining soil on the fruit protects them from the infestation of mold and other germs or bacteria. Keep well stored until spring. In addition, the beetroot can also be fermented lactic acid or boiled.
Worth knowing about the red beet
Beetroot needs a well-drained, humus rich, nutrient-rich soil. Attention should be paid to sufficient soil moisture. Since the small turnips have relatively deep roots, the soil should be deep and not too acidic. Ideal are Ph values between 6.5 and 7.8. As a fertilizer, a chloride-containing fertilizer is preferred. The best time for sowing is May and June. However, if you want to harvest at an early stage, you can start growing in pots in April and plant the seedlings in the garden in May. Generally, beets thrive best when sown directly in the field. Their seeds are placed in grooves at a depth of two to three centimeters and covered with soil. Thereafter, the beds must be kept slightly moist. At a temperature between 15° and 20° C, the seeds germinate within two to three weeks.
If you want to harvest small beets, you can simply sow dense. For larger beets either directly at sowing at a higher distance (seed bands) or warp the young plants to a distance of about 15x5cm. The harvest season is around October-November, but you can also harvest the smaller beets on an ongoing basis. Grows very well in places where previously legumes, or kohlrabi were grown.
Best neighbors are borage, zucchini, onions, cumin, parsnip, lettuce. Ideal also for the mixed culture with dill, and savory. In mixed culture, the taste also improves. Unfavorable neighbors, however, are leek, tarragon, potatoes, chard, parsley, tomatoes, spinach, chives.
The care of the plants
In order for beautiful tubers to form, the beets need sufficient water during their growth. If the tubers protrude from the ground, it makes sense to pile some soil around the stem so that they are completely covered again. Furthermore, the regular removal of weeds and chopping the beds ensures a good growth of the plants.
Sowing and care at a glance
- From April on, prefer pots or sow in the field from May
- Sowing depth: 2-3 centimeters
- Germination temperature 15-20° C, germ duration 2-3 weeks
- Pay attention to good watering
- Weeding weeds and chopping beds
- if necessary, pile soil on the tubers
These should not be cultivated as pre-culture, if you want to grow red beets at this point afterwards. Trick 17 is best used for the harvest. In the morning with a fork lift the beets slightly, without tearing the root and pulling the beets in the afternoon from the ground. So you can achieve that the nitrate content drops significantly. That the beetroot is so healthy is due to the vitamins A, B1, B2, C, as well as folic acid, antibiotic betaine, betalaine, flavonoids, carbohydrates, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, calcium, sodium, copper, manganese, zinc. All this is contained in the small beets. The red dye is very colorfast, so it is best to ensure that tablecloths, clothes do not come into contact with it. The red color is difficult to remove even from the hands.
Use & Storage
Of course, beetroot tastes best right after the harvest. But they can also be stored quite well in a so-called earth or cellar rent. Here they are placed in light sand and remain fresh for months. In this way, when most households did not have refrigerators and freezers, they used to keep their supplies for the winter. Many other types of vegetables such as carrots or many different types of cabbage are also suitable for this type of storage.