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Mugwort or Artemisia vulgaris, as the plant is called by botanical name, is a versatile plant. Whether it is used as a spice in the kitchen or because of its medicinal effect is used - the cultivation in garden bed or tub is worthwhile. And it's easy.
Mugwort spices up oily foods and makes them easier to digest, can be enjoyed as a tea or relieve cramps - these alone are already many good reasons that make the appetizing herb enrichment in the garden and on the balcony.
However, these are by no means the only benefits that Artemisia vulgaris has to offer. Added to this is its easy-care nature, which makes the plant ideal even for beginners in gardening. If you want to enjoy the fresh leaves, roots and tubers, you only have to follow these tips.
Even when choosing the location, the grateful mugwort proves to be easy to care for and undemanding. Full sun or partial shade, he can handle both. It should not be too dark for him. Because Artemisia vulgaris still grows in the shade, but then forms significantly less essential oils. This affects taste and effect.
In addition, should be paid to sufficient space. The mugwort can reach a height of up to two meters. Accordingly, a lot of free space upwards requires the crop. And accordingly, the planter should be in the culture on the balcony.
The mugwort is compatible with other herbs and plants. And do not compete with them. Particularly suitable neighbors are:
- St. John's Wort
Loose, rich in humus and with a moderate nutrient content - this is what the ideal substrate of Artemisia vulgaris looks like. He is also satisfied with less. However, if you want to do something good for yourself and ensure rapid growth, you can rely on potting soil or garden soil, which is enriched with mature compost and loosened up with small-grained gravel.
Mugwort can be grown in various ways. Alternatively, it is sown directly in bed or planter, preferred or already purchased as a plant. Naturally fast and easy, of course, when you put on already grown plants. But the application of the seed or the germination on their own, but make it easy.
Germinating seeds and sowing
The advancement of the seeds can be done from February in the house. For this purpose, the seeds are placed on potting soil, cast on but not covered with substrate. Because mugwort is a light germ. A transparent film can be placed over the planter to protect against drying out.
With uniform but never moisturizing and sufficient light seeds germinate quite quickly and can be pikiert after eight weeks and spent outdoors.
From April, sowing can take place directly in the field. Just like the insertion of young plants. Here it should be noted that the plants either sufficient distance is granted - or they need to be pimped again. It should be 50 cm between the rows, otherwise it will soon become too narrow for the Artemisia vulgaris perennials.
The mugwort needs basically only additional watering, if it is cultivated in the tub or pregerminated. Once it has grown in the bed, it is self-sufficient. The only exception is persistent dry periods. Waterlogging should be avoided in any case, because it takes away from Artemisia vulgaris. Rain water or tap water can be used for pouring - it is the same as mugwort. Tip: The already low pouring effort can be further reduced if the mugwort is treated with a layer of mulch.
Anyone who grabs compost or horn shavings when planting plants can save their fertilizer as a result. A single dose each spring is enough. Here again, the mulch is beneficial, in rain and by irrigation water nutrients from this get into the soil and provide the plants so long term.
For harvesting roots, leaves, fruits and flowers of mugwort herb are suitable. But not at the same time. Outside the blossom, the leaves have a pleasant taste, as soon as the flower starts they become very bitter. The better choice is then flowers and fruits. The roots can be harvested and recycled at any time.
All parts of the herb can be used fresh. Drying is also possible. For this purpose, the leaves or other harvested parts of plants should be dried in the air and then sealed airtight. In any case, make sure that really all parts have dried through. Otherwise, mold quickly develops.
- Artemisia vulgaris is hardy and tolerates frost well. Therefore no protection is necessary in the bed. A layer of mulch does not hurt either.
- The bucket is different. Even in large planters, the roots can freeze to death and thereby damage or even die.
- Small plants should be brought into the house and put there bright but cool.
- For larger plants we recommend isolation with garden fleece, mulch, straw and brushwood.
- If the mugwort is covered in winter, always ensure sufficient lighting and fluid.
- A very economical casting prevents complete drying out.
If branches are harvested regularly, Artemisia vulgaris gets along well without any additional waste. If the mugwort should still be kept small or a more compact growth form is desired, but can be done a blending. The ideal time for this is spring. The branches can be cut in half.
Typical diseases and pests
When it comes to pests and diseases, the mugwort is extremely robust and resistant. Apart from possible rot caused by waterlogging, it is not attacked. In addition, he looks downright repugnant to pests. This property makes it ideal for the planting of more susceptible plants. Because his protection is transferred to them.
Frequently asked questions
- Do I have to be careful when using mugwort? - Since mugwort is not only a culinary spice, but also a medicinal herb, it should not be used in large quantities. Once there are no dangers to be feared here, but prolonged consumption of larger quantities requires caution. Because then it can lead to incompatibilities and even poisoning symptoms.
- Can I free mugwort? - The drying of the harvested mugwort leaves and flowers is easily possible, but a little flavor is lost but it. A little better here is the freezing suitable that the essential oils attack less.
- Type / Family: Perennial. Belongs to the Compositae (Asteraceae)
- Care: Low. Easy care
- Flowering time: Depending on the species June to September with a variety of elongated flower candles consisting of many small white-gray flowers. Often the species does not bloom at all
- Foliage: Wintergreen in mild winters with multi-feathered and split yellow-green or silvery-gray leaves
- Growth: Bushy, well-branched growth
- Height: 10 to 120 cm
- Location: Sunny to partially shaded, with light shade being preferred. Other species prefer bright sunshine. Permeable and moderately dry, also sandy soil
- Planting time: As long as the soil is not frozen
- Cut: cut off long shoots, otherwise no pruning is necessary
- Propagation: By division in spring or autumn as well as by cuttings in spring or late summer
- Care: Water only in case of prolonged drought. Fertilization not necessary
- Wintering: Winter hardy
- Noble rue (Artemisia arborescens): Prefers sunny location. Attractive by silvery-gray foliage
- Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium): Height 70-120cm. Due to the long flowering period from June to September, it shows white-gray flowers and gray-silvery foliage. Requires a sunny spot. Snails do not like the smell and often keep away from the plants and beds decorated with deciduous branches. As manure processed wormwood helps against pests such as lice
- 'Lambrook Silver': wormwood. Height 70-100cm. Fine silvery foliage
- 'Nana': Artemisia schmidtiana. Height 15-20cm. Blossom shining silvery white from June to July. Forms sheet carpet on sandy dry ground in full sun. Known variety
- 'Oriental Limelight': mugwort. Flowers in August. Yellow-green feathered and split leaves
- 'Powis Castle': Edelraute. Height 70cm. Silver leaves
- 'Silver Queen': Artemisia ludoviciana. Height 70-100cm fine silver foliage
Occasionally a cup of vermouth tea is said to slow down aging.