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Environmental protection and also species protection is an issue that is becoming more and more important. The changes in our environment, the intensive development of many regions and also the entire industrialization have contributed to the disappearance of natural habitats. With a Benjes hedge, every hobby gardener can make an enormous contribution to the protection of the environment and species.
The Benjeshecke is also called a deadwood hedge. It is very pleasant for hobby gardeners that they can create an ecologically valuable plant in their own garden by creating such a hedge without financial expense. In addition, dead wood can also be recycled without having to shred.
What does the Benjeshecke look like?
Benjes hedges are also referred to as deadwood hedges. They are characterized by loose deposits of predominantly thin pruned wood from branches and twigs, which in turn favor the initial planting within the seed approach. Benjeshecken became popular in the 1980s, when the namesake Hermann Benjes first wrote about this new garden architecture. The Benjeshecke favors the one hand, the initial planting, thus the conservation of naturally propagating plant species. On the other hand, such a hedge provides protection to both birds and other animals as well as food. In return, the animals favor the sowing of the trees considerably with the dropping of feces as well as the creation of food depots within the Benjeshecke.
The construction principle of the Benjeshecke
To create a Benjes hedge is basically pruned wood from twigs, branches and twigs either messed up or in strips or as a pile or as a wall loosely piled or simply tilted at the desired location. The Benjeshecke is intended to serve, among other things, the protection of growing plants. Advantages of the design of a Benjes hedge arise from the fact that it is very inexpensive in the construction costs, because that is why no plants are bought, but the already existing seed from the pruning for the planting of other plants is used. In addition, the usually incurred as garden waste section is used meaningfully. The loosely stored deadwood also provides direct habitat for various species of birds as well as insects and small animals. The Benjes hedge, which had become popular in the 1980s, became so popular at the beginning of the 1990s that propagation of these hedges was propagated and promoted as a ministerial decree.
Advantages / best location
The Benjeshecke facility is particularly useful wherever it makes a valuable contribution to the biotope quickly and cheaply in a land-based and intensively used agricultural landscape such as the meadow or the field. In the creation of the Benjeshecke and the subsequent observation of the development of this hedge children and young people in the context of nature and environmental protection projects as a meaningful environmental education can integrate outstanding.
The disadvantage of the installation of a Benjes hedge is that, depending on the composition of the lumber for a long time a deflection of certain types - such as blackberry - is given and that these species then prevail within this hedge shape and spread more than the rest of the timber. Possibly spontaneous vegetation through the Benjeshecke can also be less natural, but rather endanger already existing vegetation or existing biotopes in the neighborhood. Therefore, it is important to create the Benjes hedge thoughtfully and not fundamentally in any landscape as a meaningful conservation measure.
- their development is natural, unpredictable
- Spontaneous vegetation can present a danger to neighboring existing biotopes
- often forms dominant plants, such as blackberries, undesirable
Especially when a Benjes hedge is laid out on a nutrient-rich soil, it is not uncommon for the actual desired lumber not to establish itself, but instead to compete with other plants or perennials - usually stinging nettles or goldenrod - and settle for the desired species to delay in their development. Depending on the soil conditions, instead of possibly desired berry and thorn bushes, new tree species emerge, which emerge, for example, from wind-spreading species such as the birch or the willow or the ash or the sycamore maple. While Benjes propagated the corresponding hedge to the effect that procreation of already planted trees resulted from the woodcuts, but also a new plantation of woody plants can result.
A short-term environmental and species protection aspect for endangered species can not be achieved solely from the plant of Benjeshecke. The hedge takes years to decades, before it has developed into a valuable vegetation.Nevertheless, Benjes hedges can play an important role in their own garden within a biotope.
Create the hedge with deadwood
Anyone who decides to put on the Benjes hedge should first of all start collecting natural materials, especially deciduous trees. The woods should be collected near the desired location of the hedge. Now there are different ways to create the hedge. As support for the hedge, natural fence posts can be created by planting smaller trees or shrubs at the future location of the hedge. Alternatively, two rows of piles can be placed in parallel and aligned with each other to stabilize the trees. The first solution is always optimal if it is desired that already living material is present in the deadwood hedge. The respective interspaces of the columns are now filled with the collected woodcut. For this purpose, ideally thinner wood is piled up on thicker wood, so that a stable wall of branches is formed in the long term. Pruning should not be over-stacked, as otherwise sunlight can no longer reach the seeds for shoot formation. But these are the first ones that will later blossom the Benjeshecke. The dimensions of the hedge can be chosen individually, with experts recommending a width of between half a meter and one meter and a height of up to about one meter.
The hedge is put through
- collecting lumber
- the installation of a scaffold by piles or plants
- layering deadwood from thicker to thinner materials
- Considering enough sunshine in the hedge
The natural evolution of the hedge
In its development, the Benjeshecke goes through different stages. First, there is a scrub hedge through the formation of shoots, which later becomes a herb hedge and eventually to a single plant. After a few years, a perfect field hedge emerges. The hedge need not be fertilized or otherwise supplied. because within the hedge a decomposition takes place due to bacteria and fungi. This forms humus that favors the growth of the Benjeshecke.
Further questions about creating the Benjeshecke?
If there are any questions regarding the creation of the Benjeshecke, the Naturschutzbund is the right contact to answer this question or to give further tips.
Is the Benjeshecke also suitable for the fencing of land or gardens?
For this purpose, this hedgerow is rather not suitable, because the mooring is rather tedious and for this reason alone, a classic hedge is better suited as a screen for your own garden.
How can you create a Benjes hedge?
First, you should make exactly the hedge location and there collect the tree and hedge trimming that accumulates in the garden near the later location. Following this, smaller trees and shrubs will be planted on the future hedgerow section, which will virtually function as natural fence posts.
This process is called in expert circles initial planting. Stand the natural fence posts, then the branches and branches of the tree section are stacked up to a meter high in between. At the Benjeshecke, make sure that thicker branches are at the bottom and thinner branches higher up. This gives the greatest possible stability.
In addition, it must be ensured that the individual tree sections are not layered too close to each other. Only when the scrub is loose on one another, can enough sunlight reach the seeds and berries, so that the hedge can germinate and flower later. From the planting of a Benjens hedge to the finished property demarcation much patience is required.
Benefit that results from investing in the Benjeshecke
The use of cut waste is very environmentally friendly. This is how Benjes recognized cutting waste as a valuable biomass. In addition, a Benjes hedge is a very valuable habitat for many different animals. They settle in the foliage on the ground and in the hedge itself a whole series of birds find a safe nesting place.
In the past as well as today, however, the Benjeshecke is also considered a natural experience for youth and children's groups because they can experience how waste creates a new habitat and an important design element in landscaping.
Conservation is a topic that concerns each of us today, this was already the basic idea of Benjes. In his book The Networking of Habitats with Benjeshecken is a very humorous and above all informative book, which should not be missed.
Here Benjes describes in detail how to create a Benjes hedge and what benefits it offers.