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Tasty grapes are healthy and delicious. As soon as they come out of their own garden, they taste twice as good. To cultivate vines or table grapes, you do not have to live in one of the classic wine regions. They thrive in almost every garden and deliver the popular fruits in late autumn. When you should put vines in your garden, we explain in detail here.
To cultivate vines has been a tradition since ancient times. It is important to distinguish between grapes that are intended purely for consumption, and those that are to be pressed into wine. The vines cultivated in the vineyards are of course also edible, but there is a certain acidity required to make a good tasting wine from the grapes. Cultivations of table grapes and vines for the garden are often other varieties that are tailored to the taste and consumption of hobby gardeners. That is, they are grapes that are full, plump and sweet, provided the vines are cultivated in a sheltered sunny spot.
Anyone who cultivates vines on a trellis or a house wall can use the penumbra, because the plants receive additional warmth from the warm wall of the house and can therefore bear fruit in addition to the desired privacy or greenery.
- If the harvest is very plentiful, it is also worth squeezing juice from the grapes
- Table grapes can not be made into wine
Best planting time
For vines, as well as for table grapes, the best planting time is definitely the late spring. Then there is little danger of night frosts that could damage the young plants, the soil is already warmed, and the sun-hungry plants can spread and take root. Also, the soil is not too wet after the snowmelt. Too much moisture favors fungal diseases.
Grape vines can also be used excellently to green a pergola or a house wall. From early April to mid-May, the young vines can be planted at their intended location. It is important to ensure that the refining site is just 3 - 4 cm above the ground. When buying, be sure to buy mushroom-resistant varieties. Although grapevines are now available as container plants throughout the year, the planting season should be no later than May, so that the first flowers grow in the same year.
Table grapes can also be cultivated in a planter, but they definitely need a climbing aid, ie a climbing wire or two tall plant rods, between which a wire is stretched.
Wine blooms only on the one-year shoots and even there only fruits, so the annual pruning is important.
- Grape vines for a trellis can be placed throughout the year, as long as it is frost-free
- Vines for table grapes should be better planted only in the spring
- Ensure adequate ventilation to prevent fungal diseases
Mild, sheltered from the wind and sunny, this is what table grapes and grapevines prefer best. So before using your new plants, go out into the garden and watch the sun behave during the day. The more sun your vines receive, the better and sweeter the fruits will be later. Especially in the spring months when vines are set, it can happen that the sun is deceptive because the sun is still very low.
- Use the heat return of the walls in the trellis planting
- Loosen up the soil generously before inserting the vines
- avoid waterlogging
It is considered appropriate if the vines are already one year old before planting in the garden. Then they have already developed enough strength and energy to grow well at their new location.
Container plants are often offered bare root. In this case, the young plants should be in the water for at least 24 hours before being placed in the soil. In addition, the roots themselves must not be circumcised. They contain valuable nutrients that are called up immediately after use.
Pouring and fertilizing
After inserting the young plants you should pour generously, later pour only in absolute dryness, because too much water can influence the aroma. In addition, there is a risk of fungal infections in heavy watering.Fertilization is rarely necessary, if you do not want to give it up, we recommend a small dose of horn shavings or compost in early spring.
Diseases and pests
The specially cultivated vines for the trellis or for table grapes are usually resistant to emerging diseases such as mildew and other types of fungi.
It is not that difficult to cultivate vines or table grapes in your own garden. The tasty fruits can be picked directly from the vine and eaten. As a screen or greenery on the trellis, the vines develop strong growth and also deliver tasty fruits. Plant your table grapes in spring, so that a flower is developed in the first year. Grape vines for trellis and house wall can be set all year round on frost-free days. Cultivation does not require much effort, but it is important to have a sunny, sheltered location. So tasty grapes can develop, which provide over many years again and again a plentiful harvest.