The Content Of The Article:
- Young fruit trees
- Young ornamental trees
- Evergreen shrubs
- Summer green dwarf shrubs
- Palm trees
- Spring bulbs
- Rock garden plants
- ornamental grasses
- Hardy potted plants
- Herb garden
- Winter protection for garden tools
Most garden plants are very robust, so that only a few steps are enough for winter protection. A layer of leaves or mulch between the plants is often enough. A more elaborate protection is recommended for freshly planted plants and some sensitive species. Camellia, lavender and hemp palm, but also most roses and even young trees come only with a good winter protection unscathed by the cold season. We show you the most important measures at a glance.
When winter protection for roses, it is particularly important that you protect the treatment center at the trunk base of the shrubs by piling with earth or mulch from frost, as this area is particularly sensitive. This is especially true for bedding, precious and shrub roses. With Hochstammrosen is finishing point below the crown, therefore, the entire crown is usually protected with a fleece hood. In addition, you can shade the shoots with fir twigs on all roses.
A garden fleece protects the finishing area with high-stem roses
Young fruit trees
Young fruit trees with a thin, smooth bark are prone to frost cracks. These so-called stress cracks develop when the winter sun warms up individual areas of the bark when it is frosty and then they expand greatly. Frozen cracks can be prevented with a white paint: the light color reflects the sun's rays and prevents overheating of the bark.
Young ornamental trees
The bark of young ornamental trees also breaks easily in frost and strong sunlight. For aesthetic reasons, the ornamental garden is not painted white, but wrapped around the trunk with jute strips or a tubular mat. In an emergency, even a simple wooden board, which is simply leaned against the trunk in the southeast direction as a shade dispenser, can prevent the worst.
Many winter hardy evergreen shrubs suffer from dry weather in frost and strong sunlight. Single spikes turn brown suddenly, because the warmed leaves evaporate water, the roots in Bodenfrost but can not supply new water. This phenomenon is also called frost drying among gardeners. The remedy is a shading net that protects the leaves from the sun. Evergreen shrubs that are not reliably hardy anyway, such as camellias, the Mediterranean viburnum (Viburnum tinus) or the copper medlar (Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin'), need further protection. In these plants, you should also protect the root area as large as possible with a mulch cover of about 30 centimeters thick, so that the soil does not freeze too deep in longer periods of frost.
The first camellias probably arrived as a result of confusion in Europe. The plants originating from the Far East met with so much enthusiasm that they were bred with them and many beautiful varieties developed over time
Summer green dwarf shrubs
Although lavender, bearded flower (Caryopteris) and, above all, the cistus drop their leaves in autumn, they freeze to death in cold winters. They are primarily concerned with winter wetness. In winter cold regions, you should only plant these shrubs if their soil is very sandy and permeable. A relatively good winter protection here also offers a mulch cover and a shade with pine spruce.
The hemp palm (Trachycarpos fortunei) is the only palm species that has a good chance of survival in winter-mild regions in the garden. Its growth point at the stem end, from which it drives new leaves, is however very sensitive to moisture. It is best to tie up all the leaves and protect the heart itself with a straw pad covered with a piece of foil at the top. For heavy frosts, it makes sense to additionally mulch the root area thick and to wrap the trunk with fleece or a tube mat.
The ideal winter protection for hemp palms in pots: The planter is wrapped with a Kokosmatte, top covered with leaves and fir rice and placed on a Styrofoam plate. The fronds are gently tied up, padding the inside with straw and wrapping the crown in a winter fleece
Most bulbs and tubers are hardy and need no protection. The most sensitive exceptions are dahlias: even in mild winters they have little chance of experiencing the next spring. Therefore, they are digged out as soon as the first night frosts are there, and they are wintered in boxes with a sand-humus mixture cold and frost-free in a dark room. Montbretien and gladioli, on the other hand, usually survive mild winters outdoors. All you need is a thick cover of leaves or chopped bark.
Montbretien: The tuber plants survive the winter under a thick mulch
Rock garden plants
Evergreen rock garden perennials from alpine regions are sensitive to frost. This sounds paradoxical at first, but has good reasons: The plants are protected in their natural habitat in winter by a high snowpack from frost damage. Because the natural winter protection in most lowland regions is missing, one should cover the entire rock garden with bald frosts with a plastic fleece or protect individual frost-sensitive plants with Tannenreisig or a leaf layer.
Among the ornamental grasses, especially the pampas grass (Cortaderia) is relatively sensitive - as the summer green shrubs and the hemp palm but less against cold than wet. So that the heart of the plant does not suffer from the moisture, one binds the dried-up leaf head at the leaf tips together. This allows the rainwater to run down the outside. Also frost-prone is the Japanese blood grass (Imperata cylindrica 'Rubra'). Because of its small size, you can easily cover it with foliage, which is then stabilized with fir branches.
Hardy potted plants
Even boxwood, fan maple and other hardy garden plants that are kept in the pot need winter protection. Reason: The root ball is not surrounded by the protective soil, so the frost can penetrate laterally. The pot is best placed in a large wooden box, which was previously filled about ten centimeters high with bark mulch. The space between bucket and box wall is then filled up with bark mulch or foliage. Then you put the plant together with the box close to a house wall, where it is protected from heavy rainfall and cold east winds. A comfortable alternative are thick bast mats, which are simply placed around the pots and fixed with a rope. In addition, you should use an insulating Styrofoam plate as a coaster.
A thick jute fabric protects the pot bale of the boxwood from freezing
Most kitchen herbs are completely hardy and need no special protection. Sensitive species such as rosemary should be covered with twigs in winter or simply put over an old wicker basket. In the case of sage, experience has shown that pruning the soft shoot tips increases the frost-hardiness of the plants.
Winter protection for garden tools
Think about gardening equipment before winter breaks. External water pipes should be shut off and emptied to prevent them from bursting during frost. From ponds, pumps and filters are removed and winterized in a frost free place. The metal parts of garden tools should be well cleaned and greased. And the moving parts of garden or hedge trimmers do a drop of oil well.