Scheinrebe, Ampelopsis elegans - plants and care

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Scheinrebe - Ampelopsis

Many garden lovers have discovered a plant that combines many benefits. She looks good in the big picture and in a short time planted pergolas, fences or house walls. Meant is the Scheinrebe, with the botanical name Ampelopsis elegans. It comes from the family of grapevine plants and is native to Central and North America, but is widespread in Asia.
Even in Germany, this genus of plants has already found many friends and not just since today or yesterday, because as early as 1803, this plant was described by André Michaux. The sham trees are very similar to the wild wine, because they are related. A very nice feature of the Scheinrebe are the shiny pea-sized fruits, which are seen in different shades of blue and appear from September to October. The leaves are up to 10 cm long, dreilappig, heart-shaped and green-white, slightly pink. The Scheinrebe is a very robust climbing plant, which withstands even hard winters. It grows easily on pergolas or fences, but on house walls the Scheinrebe needs a climbing aid. In good soil conditions, the Scheinrebe can reach a height of 4 m.


Who would like to cultivate the sham vine in his garden, is well advised to learn first and foremost about the living conditions of the plant. What location does the plant need, how should the soil be and how should it be cared for. Is the maintenance effort too high? Does the plant need to be protected in winter? If one is so prepared, then one is sure to give the plant the right care and to have the joy of this plant by the prosperity of the sham. So what should be considered?
The best conditions are when the soil is humus and slightly moist. If a lot of loam in the soil leads to waterlogging, which many plants can not tolerate. But if the soil is too sandy, it hardly stores any water and that's not good for the plants either. If you have an unfavorable soil, you should improve the soil of the planting site by adding some sand or compost. The location should be bright, ie sunny to partially shaded. To grow the plant should be given a climbing aid. This is especially important if, for example, you want to green a house wall. But how do you get to a sham, if you should pull them out of seeds or rather buy a rooted plant?

Sowing and growing young plants

If you want to grow your plants out of seeds, you can do that. However, he must then expect that the small new plants no longer possess the properties of the mother plant. But if you decide to do so, then you should put in a plant pot two to three seeds. Lightly pour and place the pot in a sheltered place. A constant check is of course necessary to see when the small plantlets appear. If this is so, then pour moderately, because the small plants can not absorb much water. They thrive best in the field, but should be in the house over the winter, so they do not damage. In spring, the small plants can either be further cultivated in pots or planted out on the spot. However, one should expect that it may be inferior plants that no longer match in growth, health, fruit quality or ripening time with the characteristics of the mother plant. It should be said, however, that seeds are used in the nurseries for the cultivation of new varieties.

Plants from cuttings and offshoot

Scheinrebe - Ampelopsis

Anyone who buys his sham, however, as a young plant at the gardener, can assume that the plant comes from a vegetative propagation. These plants have all the characteristics of the mother plants, they are hereditary. An increase of the Scheinrebe takes place by Steckhölzer, eye cuttings or by offshoot. Each type of propagation takes place in a special way, but always in the tendency to obtain impeccable strong plants. What is the difference between the cultivated species?

Eye cuttings

They are pulled under glass by putting an eyebrow in the ground and putting a glass over it. In nurseries, the cultivation takes place in the greenhouse, because this type of propagation fails in the open.

hardwood cuttings

A wood that has three to four eyes is stuck in the ground up to the topmost eye. You should make sure that the wood is young wood, which can also drive out. This cultivation should also take place in a protected environment.


When propagated as an offshoot, a one-year-old branch is simply bent down into a pit and covered with soil. Two eyes should stay outside. Only dig up in the second autumn and separate from the mother plant.This type of propagation brings out the strongest young plants easily.

Further care measures

The further care of the Scheinben is very simple. The plant needs a moderately moist soil and you should additionally water in very warm weather. Otherwise she is very frugal. A fertilizer in spring promotes flower formation and growth. Flowering occurs in the months of June to July, while fruits appear in September / October. The sham is an excellent bee and avocet, because the berries are very popular with the birds. Butterflies like to visit the sham, because it also serves as protection for many insects.
The last measure in a garden year is the pruning of the Scheinrebe. Since it grows very lush, a pruning is effective. The cut should be made as with other climbing plants. However, it is advisable not to cut under or in front of an eye at the pruning, but between two eyes. If the growth in the bushy, then can also be well-lit.
If all instructions are followed, then you have years of enjoyment of his plants. And anyone who has planted his sham tree on his house for greening can watch his house turn into a green house.

Further care tips

Scheinrebe - Ampelopsis

As far as temperatures are concerned, the plant described here is very frugal. This means that it can be planted in the living room without any problems, where normal room temperature prevails. But even if it is a little colder, the Scheinrebe does not cause much difficulty, as it easily withstands even low temperatures, which are not just 10 degrees.
Not so easy care is the Scheinrebe in terms of light. Here she wants a lot of light, so it's best to have a sunbathing spot on the windowsill or a well-lit location where lots of sun comes up.
The reason for the large demand for sun is that the leaves have stains, they always point to such a high supply of light, which is necessary. Of course, the Ampelopsis must also be supplied with sufficient water.
Here again, the care is very tight. The soil in which the sham is located, only wet, so that it does not come to dehydration, otherwise - and especially during the rest phase - only little water is needed. In the summer you should buy the plant again a little more cool wet, here it is a little bit vulnerable.
In general, the sham is not only a beautiful climbing plant, which provides both inside and out for a visual enrichment, it also has the advantage that it generally needs little care.

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