Bischofsmütze, Türkenturban-Kürbis - cultivation and preparation

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Bischofsmütze, Türkenturban-Kürbis - cultivation and preparation: bischofsmütze

It is considered a feast for the senses, because a bishop's cap stands out with a sublime shape in unity with an aromatic pulp. Thus, this type of pumpkin surpasses the function of a typical ornamental gourd, which is generally not edible. A turkish turban pumpkin lives up to its distinctive title, because nobody can elude the magic of its flat, rounded silhouette with the decorative, drawn bulge in the middle. Find out here how cultivation and preparation succeed professionally.

Cultivation starts with cultivation in the house

Considering a maturation period of about 100 days, sowing behind glass is recommended for growing a bishop's cap. Following this strategy, you give the pumpkin up to 3 weeks longer culture time. The second half of April is the ideal time to sow the pumpkin seeds. By mid-May, the young plants have matured to the point where they are planted with a considerable growth advantage. How to proceed:
  1. Roast the strong seeds a little bit with a file or sandpaper.
  2. Leave to soak for 24 hours in lukewarm water.
  3. Fill pots with lean substrate.
  4. Insert 2-3 pumpkin seeds 2 cm deep and moisten.
  5. Cover the seed containers with glass, cover with foil or spend in the indoor greenhouse.
  6. Install at half-shade at constant 25° C.
Germination sets in within a week, recognizable by the two germ buds. Somewhat cooler temperatures around 20-22° C are an advantage. The cover is removed because the seedlings show a considerable growth rate. The substrate is kept slightly moist during this time. In order to avoid damaging the sensitive roots, experienced hobby gardeners refrain from classical pecking. Instead, the weakest copies are sorted out.

Location and soil condition

From mid-May, the time window will open for outdoor culture. So that the cultivation of a bishop's cap takes the desired course, now the choice of the location is in focus. A turkey turban pumpkin thrives under the following conditions:
  • sunny, warm location, like a little airy
  • nutrient-rich, humus-rich soil, permeable and loose
  • fresh and moist and not too dry
  • ideal is a pH of 6.5 to 7
  • no other pumpkins, melons or cucumbers in pre-culture
Experienced hobby gardeners select the compost heap as a location, because here the heavy-duty tasters find an optimal environment. This gardening gimmick significantly reduces the maintenance effort, while the visual appearance of a cluster is decoratively enhanced.
Tip: In the small garden, a location for the Bischofsmütze can be found directly on the wire mesh fence. Here, the long tendrils can be tied up, so they take up less space.


When the decision has been made for the site, prepare the beetroot for the turkey turban pumpkin. Before that, place the root ball of the young plant in a container with water so that it can absorb moisture. How to plant the bishop's cap correctly:
  1. Thoroughly weed the soil and loosen it up profoundly.
  2. Optimize the soil quality with plenty of compost and horn shavings.
  3. A planting hole dig with twice the volume of the root ball.
  4. Create a drainage of gravel or potsherds at the bottom of the pit.
  5. Insert the stuffed pumpkin plant, press the soil and water well.
  6. A planting distance of 100 to 150 centimeters is considered appropriate.
Since the thermometer can still fall into unfavorable areas with the sheep's cold until June, the use of a protective foil is recommended for the first time in the bed. At least during the night, the growing turkey turban squash should be protected.


With the choice of the suitable location and the professional plant, two significant conditions for the successful cultivation of a Bischofsmütze are created. The subsequent maintenance revolves around the following factors:
  • pour well, with the surface of the earth drying between waterings
  • fertilize the bishop's cap organically every 14 days with compost
  • a 2-3 cm thick mulch layer keeps the soil warm and moist

Pumpkins - Cucurbita - Bischofsmütze

Since cucurbits are at the top of the menu for nudibranchs, professional care is always accompanied by protection from voracious pests. A worm fence works wonders here to keep the plague away. In addition, a moving barrier made of materials such as chippings or wood shavings proves to be effective. Surround the bishop's cap regularly with a ring of coffee grounds or ground coffee, because the caffeine is toxic to snails.
Tip: Shorten the long shoots in June and July, except for a few flowers with a set of fruit, you get the larger bishop caps.


On schedule, the harvest season for the Turkenturban pumpkin begins in September. A mature fruit you recognize the woody fruit stem and a solid shell. In addition, no green spots may be seen anymore. If it sounds hollow and dull from the inside of the fruit after the knocking, then there is nothing left for a harvest. Cut off the bishop's cap so that 5-10 cm of the stalk remain on the shell. In this way, you ensure that no rot or pests penetrate into the pumpkin.


The succulent pulp of the Turkish turban pumpkin serves as a popular ingredient for a variety of creative recipes for soups and meat-containing fillings. In contrast, the hard shell is not suitable for consumption. As it is much too good to be peeled off, cooks like to use the cover of a bishop's cap as a terrine. The following recipe should serve as a suggestion for the preparation:
  1. Cut off the lid of the turkey turban pumpkin and set aside.
  2. Scrape out the pulp with a spoon and place in a saucepan.
  3. Brush the bishop's cap with olive oil.
  4. Stir in preheated oven for 30 minutes at 200 degrees.
  5. Make the pumpkin meat to a recipe of your choice as a soup or filling.
  6. Put the food in the pumpkin and bake in the oven.
Served in this spectacular way, the admiration of your guests, both as a creative chef and as a gifted gardener, is sure to please you.
The spectacularly shaped Bischofsmütze promises multiple pumpkin pleasure. Easy to handle in cultivation and decorative in appearance, it surpasses any typical ornamental squash, as its pulp is suitable for consumption. Smart hobby gardeners plant the turkey turban squash on the compost heap and thus reduce the maintenance effort to a minimum. Following the autumn harvest, the beautiful pumpkin enriches the local cuisine with its aromatic and healthy pulp. At this point, the bishop's hat again scores points, because it not only provides the main ingredient for the preparation of delicious soups and fillings, but also serves as a unique terrine.

Worth knowing about the Bischofsmütze shortly

  • The Bischofsmütze is not only a very decorative, but also tasty pumpkin.
  • The multi-colored ornamental squash bears turban-like fruits and is therefore called the Turks turban or bishop's cap.
  • The pumpkin is one of the oldest crops on earth.
  • The fruit vegetable is annual and forms on a plant both male and female flowers.
  • The pollination of the flowers is done by bees and bumblebees.
  • From a botanical point of view, pumpkin, such as oranges, bananas and tomatoes, is one of the berry fruits.
  • The original wild squash is not edible due to its Bittestoffe.
  • By cultivating numerous varieties, the bittering agent has been bred back, making the pumpkin a tasty vegetable plant.
  • The three largest species include the pepo, maxima and moschata pumpkins.
pumpkin types
  • There are countless pumpkin species and constantly new varieties are added.
  • The acon, butternut, turban, musk and yellow talner are among the winter squashes.
  • They have a hard shell that is not fit for consumption.
  • Winter squash can be stored in cool places over several months.
  • Summer squashes have soft peel, such as courgettes, crooknecks, patissons and spaghetti squashes.
  • They can be stored for a maximum of three to six weeks.
  • Ornamental gourds are one of the wild pumpkin species. You can not eat them because they contain unpleasant bitter substances.
  • Ornamental gourds are exceptionally decorative and are ideal for the autumn decoration of the house, yard and garden.
  • Pumkins are called pumpkin species that are particularly good for carving: including the yellow Zentner, the Halloween pumpkin and the Spooktacular.
Bischofsmütze - Cultivation
  • Pumpkins need enough nutrients, water and sun.
  • The cultivation of squash plants is relatively easy.
  • From mid-May, after the Eisheiligen, you can sow the pumpkin seeds directly into the free bag.
  • In the pre-culture in pots, the pumpkins, however, can be harvested three to four weeks earlier.
  • One pumpkin seed per pot is completely sufficient and spares the later pikieren.
  • The soil is well loosened and enriched with compost.
  • Now that the seed needs heat, the pots are covered with foil or fleece.
  • Then you cut ventilation slots in the foil, so that the earth does not rot.
  • The pumpkin plants need a lot of water throughout the cultivation period and should therefore be watered regularly and evenly.
  • Six weeks after planting and eight weeks after direct sowing, the first pumpkins are harvested.
  • Winter squash can be fully ripened and taken off in late summer, while summer squashes should not be too big.

The pumpkin and its positive qualities

The pumpkin has a variety of positive properties and therefore has a very health-promoting effect. The pumpkin pulp is rich in fiber, which stimulates intestinal activity and positively influences the digestion. The pumpkin juice contains important minerals like magnesium, copper, iron and potassium as well as all vitamins. Pumpkins also have a dehydrating effect and in this way support the breakdown of fat deposits. The recovered pumpkin seed oil lowers the cholesterol levels and additionally strengthens the immune system.

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