Blutpflaume - plants, pruning and care tips

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The Blutpflaume thrilled with her pink flower dress every year again many gardening friends. Through her dark red foliage, she is also an eye catcher for the rest of the year.


Appearance and genus of the blood plum

The Blutpflaume is a subspecies of the cherry plum, which gets its name from the intensive dark red to black-red colored leaves. The ornamental shrub grows as a shrub or small to medium-sized tree. Trees are usually available as a half-stem or high-stem.

Foliage of the blood plum

In spring the flowers appear simultaneously with the leaves. They are white with pink stamens or completely pink. The leaves are oval, pointed and jagged at the edges. After flowering, edible cherries develop from the end of April. Caution: The seeds inside the kernels are poisonous!

Flowers of the blood plum

Characteristics of the blood plum

  • Family: Rose Family
  • Subfamily: Spiraeoideae
  • Genus: Prunus
  • Type: cherry plum
  • Subspecies: blood plum
  • Botanical name: Prunus cerasifera

  • Growth height: 300 - 400 cm
  • Growth width 200 - 500 cm
  • Flowering time: April

Growth and growth behavior of the blood plum

The ornamental shrub is between five and eight meters high, some copies even reach more than twelve meters. The width is three to five meters. In the year, the increase is between 20 and 35 centimeters. Growth can be well controlled with targeted cuts. As a specimen plant the Blutpflaume in the garden is shown to advantage. It is also an attractive eye-catcher with the intensively colored foliage, which retains the strong color throughout the summer. Blood plums also grow as a container plant. Here, however, special dwarf breeds are more practical.

Location and soil condition

A sunny location is ideal, but the blood plum also thrives in partial shade. She is absolutely windproof. The plant needs a nutrient-rich, slightly calcareous soil. For young plants, the soil is well loosened before insertion. A compost-enriched substrate promotes growth.

Blood Plum Care Tips

Blood plums are undemanding and easy to care for. Regular watering is only necessary with freshly planted trees or shrubs. If the wood is well grown, you only need to water during long, summer dry periods. The frost-resistant wood does not need winter protection.

Fertilize blood plum

A nutrient-rich soil requires no fertilizer, but in the spring, compost can be incorporated around the tree-pulp. Blood plums in the tub are grateful for a one-time application of fertilizers before flowering.

Cut blood plum

The cut is important in two ways: it influences the growth habit and is necessary for the development of the flowers. Blood plums that are never cut bloom more and more sparingly. However, one should not exaggerate the cutting, otherwise the plant forms unsightly sweeps. The right time to cut is after flowering.

In young blood plums, all withered shoots are cut down to about five remaining buds. Older trees remove the oldest branches and rejuvenate. If the blood plum is too large, you can cut or shorten a few branches, but if possible not the main branch! Cheap interfaces are directly above a branch.

Prevention of pests and diseases

The right location and a good soil usually ensure healthy, resistant blood plums. Prolonged damp weather can lead to certain diseases.

Shotgun disease is a fungal infection. The leaves get small brown spots, eventually parts of it dissolve, so that the leaf looks perforated. Affected leaves must be removed and disposed of with household waste. As a measure, you inject with fungicides or special copper preparations, even before the leaf ejection next spring.

The Monilia lace drought is also caused by fungi. The disease is recognized by withered shoot tips. The fight is difficult because the fungal spores spread extremely fast and strong. Affected plant parts are best removed extensively and completely destroyed, branches cut into the healthy wood. Even a breezy crown can curb the spread. In addition, pesticides are available on the market that act against Monilia.

Occasionally aphids occur. As long as the infestation is limited, strong cumshot helps with the hose.

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